Internationalization of Higher Education

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Exploring the globalization of Higher Education through Open and Distance Education - dos & don'ts

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Internationalization of Higher Education

  1. 1. Global perspective Dr. Pankaj Khare IGNOU, New Delhi pkhare@ignou.ac.in
  2. 2. The Parable of the Hare & the Hedgehog A story compiled by Prof. Anurag Saxena, SOMS, IGNOU
  3. 3. The Challenge  One day the hedgehog challenged the hare to have race with him.  The hare, being sure of his victory, accepted the challenge without hesitation.
  4. 4. The Race  The race started at the entrance to the vineyard.  After they started, the hare ran fast, while the hedgehog, snorting in the air, took his time and loitered along the boundaries.
  5. 5. The Result Surprise!  When the hare, totally exhausted, appeared at the end of the vineyard, the hedgehog was already there "I was waiting for you. You have taken lot of time."
  6. 6. Return Race  The hare, too proud to concede victory, proposed a return match.  Again, when he crossed the finish line at the end of the field, the hedgehog, not at all breathless, waited.  The score never changed. The hedgehog was always at the finish line before the hare.
  7. 7. Mystery  The hare, exhausted by the races, couldn't understand why his competitor did not seem to be affected by the races.  The solution to the mystery was obvious; the hedgehog had a twin who waited at the other end of the vineyard.
  8. 8. The hare, however, was not a fool…  He Asked the Hedgehog, whether, during the race, he had seen – – – – the vine stocks heavy with fruits, the shining dews on the leaves, the rays of evening light across the rows, the warm smell coming out of the perspiring earth
  9. 9. The hedgehog, a little The hare retorted, embarrassed, replied, "What really matters is that I reached the finish line before you. Is that not true?" "What matters to me is having made a fine journey, full of discoveries and benefiting from the experience. You cheated, and you deprived yourself of the scenery of nature.
  10. 10. Moral of the story  It Hare was not convinced whether, in the end, Hedgehog really won." is not the question of becoming first and knowing everything in advance.  It is also necessary to be actually on the route.  The theoretical knowledge is not always the best; one should also face the reality, pass through the fire of the things.
  11. 11. The question of globalization       Why we need to think of internationalization? Who is getting benefit from? Opportunities vs. options? Delivery mechanisms and coping with time-zones… Quality assurance… Global competition?
  12. 12. Present scenario  In Indian Sub-continent  In Africa  In Gulf  In Australia  In South-East Asia  In America and Canada
  13. 13. Present scenario – Indian sub-continent  Nepal  Bhutan  Afghanistan  Pakistan  Bangladesh  Sri Lanka  Maldives
  14. 14. Present scenario – Africa  East Africa  South Africa  West Africa  North Africa  Small States
  15. 15. Present scenario – Gulf  United Arab Emirates  Saudi Arabia  Iraq & Iran  Small States – – – Kuwait Bahrain Oman
  16. 16. Present scenario – Others  America  Latin America  Australia  Europe  Pacific  South Asia
  17. 17. Internationalization  Promoting the academic programmes cross border  Establishing bilateral and multi-lateral cooperation and exchanges  Sharing resources  Sharing experiences  Providing consultancies to newly established/needy universities/ institutions  Creating avenues for joint international programmes
  18. 18. Emerging scenario  Teacher to learner to learning centric education Learner Teacher Learning
  19. 19. Emerging scenario  Web-based delivery of programmes  Core-faculty support
  20. 20. Emerging scenario  Global – – – – – – student Have options Independent Highly motivated Demanding Knowledge seeker Technology oriented
  21. 21. Emerging scenario  Web-based services for efficient administrative support (tracking and MIS)  Offer of lab-based programmes  Sharing of resources materials, human resources, experiences  Joint ventures Joint degree programmes, dual degrees, collaborative materials development, faculty exchanges
  22. 22. Challenges and practices  Finding appropriate partners – marrying the mandates and visions – Business model vis-à-vis service model in education  Local recognition and accreditation  Finding local academic support – Arranging practical/labs/viva-voce
  23. 23. Challenges and practices  Meeting local cultural and contextual needs  Quality assurance and monitoring  Professional expectations from global learning community
  24. 24. "What The hedgehog, a little matters to me is having made a fine journey, full of discoveries The hare retorted, and embarrassed, replied, benefiting from the experience. "What really matters is that I reached the finish line before you. Is that not true?" You cheated, and you deprived yourself of the scenery of nature.
  25. 25. Moral of the story from institutional point of view  It is not the question of becoming first and knowing everything in advance. Institutions need not to imitate other institutions  It is also necessary to be actually on the route. Identify the need of globalization and crossing the border; are there takers? Need assessment…  The theoretical knowledge is not always the best; one should also face the reality, pass through the fire of the things. Introspection of strengths and weaknesses.
  26. 26. and... are we there when they need us...?
  27. 27. A presentation by Dr. Pankaj Khare pkhare@ignou.ac.in

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