What is female foeticide?
1) Aborting a female foetus after sex
2) Ultra-sonography, helps determine
abnormalities in the foetus.
3) Misused to find out sex of the foetus
and abort it if it is a girl.
1) Sex Discrimination
5) Women are viewed as a liability
MAGNITUDE OF THE PROBLEM
Every year more than 10 million female
foetuses are illegally being aborted in India.
In Mumbai, out of 15,914 abortions performed
during 1984, almost 100 percent were those of
Even today out of the 12 million girls born in
India, 1 million do not even see their first
This process began in the early
1990’s when ultrasound technique which ,
was invented to basically check the health of
the baby inside the mother and this technique
was being used for this crime . A tendency in
Indian families to have a male child
particularly in the family . This also leads to
the enhancement of this crime
• Political or economic system?
• Illiteracy or low educational level?
• Low fertility?
• One child policy?
• The status of female in India actually
symbolizes India’s status of being a
developing nation. Of course India deserves
to be in list because here in this 21st century
where we have high technological upgraded
treatments to overcome such big diseases
but the girl child continues to be murdered
before she is born. Female feticide is still
prevalent in the Indian society , infact it has
been a practice of hundreds of years.
Sadly there have
been numerous fetus being
found lying in farms , float-
ing in rivers ,unwrapped in
jute bags etc.
A Woman’s Womb
• A woman’s womb
was designed to be
the safest place in
the world, the place
Instead it has been
turned into one of
the most dangerous
places in the world.
THESE ARE ALSO WOMEN WHO HELPED IN
DEVELOPMENT OF COUNTRY SO WHY NOT THE
UNBORN GIRL CHILD ????????
• Skewed Sex Ratio
* 962 and 945 girls for every 1000 boys
in the years 1981 and 1991
* 933 girls for 1000 boys according to
Indian Census 2011
* Rural Sex Ratio – 946
* Urban Sex Ratio – 900
* State with highest female sex ratio- Kerala - 1058
* State with lowest female sex ratio - Haryana - 861
• Female / Women Trafficking
* Sale of wives, swap marriages
* Compelled to marry for a fixed price.
* Child marriage
• Increase in Rape and Assault
• Population Decline
* Total wipeout of one sex is not the way to achieve the target
of population control.
* Women are kidnapped and sold ( in Bride Bazaars ).
• Adverse effect on the mental and physical health
• Vicious Circle
• Body of new born girl found in jodhpur hospital
• Khap’s brave steps towards female foeticicde.
• Rajasthan: day-old baby girl dumped in a well.
• Illegal abortion cases : beed doctor couple to be
produced in court.
• Acc to national crime records bureau, punjab (81),
rajasthan (51), mp(21), haryana (18) and chattisgarh
• According to Indian government 10 million
girls have been killed , either before or after
birth by their parents.
• Medical expert in India says that an estimated
of 80,000 woman die from legal abortions.
• Satyamev Jayate highlighted it’s 1st episode on
female foeticide which talked about 3 cases. It
was not from rural area but from urban city.
• A national award movie ‘MATRABHUMI’ was
made by Manish Jha which highlights a nation
• It talks about abortion and female infanticides
in rural village.
• Another film made on it is ‘JALPARI-DESERT
• Daily more than 50 girls are been aborted or
• If the trend of female infanticides continues
then a nations without women is not a distant
Fight against female foeticide
1> The first legislation against female foeticide , enacted
in 1978, banned the misuse of amniocentesis in
government health care institution.
2> The Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic
Techniques (Prohibition of selection) Act, 1994 (referred
to as the PC & PNDT Act) and it came into force with
effect from February 14, 2003. According to this act
doctors and radiologists conducting, or soliciting parents
for, sex determination tests can be imprisoned up to five
years and fined up to Rs.50,000.
3> The salient features of the PNDT Act are
• It prohibits sex-selection, both before or after conception
• It regulates the use of pre-natal diagnostic techniques, like ultrasound and
amniocentesis by allowing their use
only to detect
* Genetic abnormalities
* Metabolic disorders
* Chromosomal abnormalities
* Certain congenital malformations
* Sex-linked disorders
4> The Maharashtra government has recommended to the Centre that the Pre-
conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act be amended so that
sex-selective abortion or female foeticide is treated as “murder”. The state health
secretary wrote to the union health and family welfare ministry last month: “It is
submitted that the necessary possible amendment may be carried out in the
PCPNDT Act, 1994, so that sex selective abortions be treated as murder and the
offence punishable under section 302 of the IPC.”
The main reason perceived for not
wanting daughters is ‘Dowry’ system
• The payment of a dowry was prohibited in 1961
under Indian civil law and subsequently by Sections
304B and 498a of the Indian Penal Code
• IPC Section 498A: This Section of the Indian Penal
Code was inserted by1983 amendment.
• PC Section 304b: This Section of the Indian Penal
Code was inserted by a 1986 amendment.
The wording of the law states
Organizations helping to
fight this issue.
Snehalaya is based in Ahmednagar, Maharashtra.
Started in 1989 by a group of young volunteers led by
Dr Girish Kulkarni.
“SAVE THE GIRL CHILD”
"Save The Girl Child" project, aims to
eradicate the practice of female
infanticide and foeticide - by
encouraging the adoption of girls in
cases where the biological parents do
not want to or are unable to look after
Plan’s vision is of a world in which all children
realise their full potential in societies which
respect people’s rights and dignity. Plan is
independent, with no religious, political or
Plan India has launched the Let Girls
Be Born (LGBB) campaign and its
main objective is to realize a gender
balance in society by eliminating female
foeticide/ infanticide and ensuring the
right to identity, name and citizenship for
the girl child.
A GROUP OF SOCIAL
INVOLVED IN SOLVING
CAMPAIGN : “I save a girl”
Is an sms enabled web
application on facebook
that will enable crowd
sourced philanthropy to
stop female foeticide in
To register and train social networking users
To receive reports via sms/email/app from
any expectant mother who will be able to
report anonymously their suspicion of
possibility of “child sex determination "and
“girl foetus abortion”.
To keep mother’s privacy intact so that she
can effectively monitor and ensure the birth
of a girl child without ant stress.
A REGISTERED NGO WORKING WITH EMPHASIS
ON GENDER AGENDA, TOWARDS ALL ROUND
DEVELOPMENT IN TWENTY TWO VILLAGES OF
KHANAPUR TALUK OF BELGAUM DISTRICT.
OBJECTIVE: To prevent exploitation of
girl child and women.
To empower women
organizing, involving and participating.
• Female Foeticide is a growing menace in our society.
• The government should take harsh steps against those who
readily kill their girl child
• Strong action against the doctors who facilitate female
• More awareness in this regard to make the people of our
nation more conscious and eradicate this menace.