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Management Issues in MIS

Management Issues in MIS

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MIS ppt 1 MIS ppt 1 Presentation Transcript

  •  
  • THE WORLD TRADE CENTER DISASTER WHO WAS PREPARED?
  • WHY SYSTEMS ARE VULNERABLE ?
    • When large amounts of data are stored in electronic form they vulnerable to many kinds of threats than when exist in manual form.
    • Advances in telecommunications and computer software have magnified these vulnerabilities.
  • THREATS TO COMPUTERIZED INFORMATION SYSTEM
    • Hardware Failure
    • Software Failure
    • Theft of Data, services, equipments
    • Fire
    • Electronic Problems
    • User Errors
    • Telecommunication Problems
  • HACKERS AND COMPUTER VIRUSES
    • Hacker – a person who gains unauthorised access to a computer network for profit, criminal mischief or personal pleasure.
    • Viruses – rogue software programs that are difficult to detect, which spread rapidly through computer system, destroying data and disrupting processing and memory status
  • QUALITY
    • “ Quality indicates the degree of excellence of a product or service”
    • Quality assurance
    • What Is Quality Assurance ?
  • WHY QUALITY ASSURANCE
    • Avoiding legal liability if software fails
    • Providing with due documentation, that the software was developed using the best practices techniques embodied in various standards
    • Convincing the users
    • Making software development more cost-effective
    • Being able to develop and deliver a good quality product
    • Taking the user/clientfrom customer satisfaction to customer delight.
  • WHAT IS SOFTWARE
    • Software is defined as a set of instruction
    • All instructions & data are given as input in computer to cause it to function in any code
  • SOFTWARE QUALITY
    • Software quality is the inherent quality of a software to be used for a specified purpose as the software possesses certain features and characteristics and which enable it to be used for that purpose.
  • MANAGEMENT ROLE IN SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE
    • Establish & maintain the requirement specifications.
    • Establish & implement a process for developing a software.
    • Establish & maintain an evaluation process
  • ETHICAL & SOCIAL DIMENSION
      • What is Ethics & Ethical ?
      • Key Forces
      • Family Influences
    • Peer Influences
    • Experiences
    • Values & Morals
    • Situational Factors
  • ETHICAL DIMENSIONS
    • Obligation To Management.
    • Obligation To society.
    • Obligation To employer.
    • Obligation To Country.
  • SOCIAL DIMENSIONS
    • Favourable Dimensions.
    • Unfavourable Dimensions.
    • ETHICAL DILEMMAS
    • Criminal Hacking.
    • Unauthorised use of credit cards.
    • Privacy Encroachment.
  • INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AS RELATED TO I.T. SERVICES / PRODUCT
    • Intellectual Property
    • We can define in two way-
    • The Colloquial Way
    • The Legal Way
  • AREA OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
    • Copy rights
    • Rights in Performance
    • The law of Confidence
    • Patents
    • Design law
    • Trade Marks
    • Passing off/Trade Libel
  • NEEDS FOR IPR
    • The laws a very important stimulus to innovative and creative work,
    • These laws also provide an incentive for people to search for novel, and mostly better,ways of doing things,
    • These laws ensure that their creativity is rewarded.
  • THE IPR SCENARIO AND VIOLATIONS IN I.T. SERVICES / PRODUCTS
    • The World Piracy Study indicated a decline during the the period 1995 to 2000-piracy rate from 47% to 37%.
    • The dollar losses, due to piracy, amounted to U.S. $ 11.75 billion- during the year 2000, the Asia Pacific Region alon accounting for US $ 4 billion losses.
    • Vietnam,China, and Pakistan were among top 10 countries by Piracy Rate, Vietnam topping the list 97%piracy rate, China with 94%, and Pakistan had 83% Piracy Rate.
    • Piracy Rate for India was 63%.
  • SOFTWARE PIRACY BY REGION, (1999,2000)
  • SOFTWARE PIRACY DOLLAR LOSSESS BY REGION,2000 26% 25% 3% 3% 7% 36%
  • HOW TO PREVENT THE IPR VIOLATIONS /INFRINGEMENTS ?
    • An important/international agreement ,The Paris Convention fo Protection of Industrial Property has been signed by 96 countries.
    • The World Trade Agreement to be implemented by the WTO was signed in 1994 by 117 countries.
    • The World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) has been set up and made functional.
    • The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) ,in September 1999, adopted the uniform dispute name resolution policy.
  • IPR PROTECTION IN INDIA
    • The provisions of the IPR laws prevalent in India in the context of the dealings in Cyberspace and the Information Technology Act, 2002.
    • The Copyright Act,1957 ,and further amendment has been done in 1983.
  • GLOBAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS
    • GLOBALISATION – resultant geographical diversification.
    • Lowering of trade restriction (QRs / Non-QRs)
    • www : Promise of tomorrow’s information- based global economy.
    • Glocalisation.
  • OPERATIONS IMPERATIVES
    • Global Efficiency.
    • Global Responsiveness.
    • Transfer Of Learning.
    • Global Alliance.
  • CONTRIBUTIONS
    • “ STRATEGIC FIT”
    • ENABLERS.
    • BUILDING A SHARED VISION.
    • PRO- ACTIVE PLANNING.
    • CREDIBILITY.
    • SENSITIVITY.
  • CONCLUSION
    • No wonder then that management of most of the organisations have been paying special attention to computerisation and introduction of the Information System to acquire information – knowledge which has been a critical organisational resources. It is therefore IT Applications and Implementations have been playing a dominant role in management decisions for respective corporate organisations.
  •