With the German Empire
destroyed, a new parliamentary
government called the Weimar
Republic was formed.
Adolf Hitler, leader of the National Socialist German Workers
(Nazi) Party, was named chancellor of Germany by President
Paul von Hidenburg, after the Nazi party won a significant
percentage of the vote in the elections of 1932.
“The Jews Are Our Misfortune”
The paper proclaimed, "The
Jews are our misfortune!"
The Nazis used the government apparatus to
terrorize the other parties.
The Nazi´s also developed a sophisticated
police and military force
(SS, Protection Squad)
(S.A., Storm Troopers)
The Jews Are Isolated from Society
The Nazis then combined their racial theories
with the evolutionary theories of Charles
Darwin to justify their treatment of the Jews.
A sign reading “Jewish quarter” in German and “Jewish neighborhood” in
On November 9, mob violence
broke out as the regular German
police stood by and crowds of
The Jews Are Confined to
The Nazis began establishing
ghettos for the Jews of Poland.
In June 1941 Germany attacked the
Soviet Union and began the "Final
The Einsatzgruppen, often
drawing on local civilian and
police support, carried out
The killing centers were designed for efficient mass murder.
Chelmno, the first killing center, opened in December 1941.
During the Holocaust, the Nazi Party a series of medical experiments were
carried out to advance German medicine without the consent of the patients
The physicians enjoyed complete freedom to act without regard to basic
medical ethics, without any consideration for the health of the patient.
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
The Jews, using homemade
bombs and stolen or bartered
weapons, resisted and withstood
the Germans for 27 days.