Alcohol (wine, beer, or liquor) is the leading known preventable cause of mental and physical birth defects in the United States.
When a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy, she risks giving birth to a child who will pay the price — in mental and physical deficiencies — for his or her entire life.
watch for characteristics of the syndrome, which include:
* low birth weight
* small head circumference
* failure to thrive
* developmental delay
* organ dysfunction
* facial abnormalities, including smaller eye openings, flattened cheekbones, and indistinct philtrum (an underdeveloped groove between the nose and the upper lip)
* poor coordination/fine motor skills
* poor socialization skills, such as difficulty building and maintaining friendships and relating to groups
* lack of imagination or curiosity
* learning difficulties, including poor memory, inability to understand concepts such as time and money, poor language comprehension, poor problem-solving skills
* behavioral problems, including hyperactivity, inability to concentrate, social withdrawal, stubbornness, impulsiveness, and anxiety
Children with FAE display the same symptoms, but to a lesser degree.
Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
FAS is an permanent, lifelong condition that affects every aspect of a child’s life and the lives of the child’s family. However, FAS is completely preventable – if a woman does not drink alcohol while she is pregnant. Also, if a woman is planning a pregnancy or is sexually active and not using effective birth control, she should avoid alcohol consumption because she may be pregnant and not know for several weeks or more.
Public health concern over drinking during pregnancy was first signaled in 1981 by the release of a public health advisory from the Office of the Surgeon General. This advisory warned women who were pregnant or planning a pregnancy to abstain from alcohol use because of the potential risks to the fetus. In 2005, the U.S. Surgeon General, Dr. Richard Carmona, issued an updated Advisory on Alcohol Use in Pregnancy. The Surgeon General's message advises women not to drink alcohol if they are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or at risk of becoming pregnant.
Birth defects are defined as abnormalities of structure, function, or body metabolism that are present at birth. These abnormalities lead to mental or physical disabilities or are fatal. There are more than 4,000 different known birth defects ranging from minor to serious, and although many of them can be treated or cured, they are the leading cause of death in the first year of life.
According to the March of Dimes, about 150,000 babies are born with birth defects each year in the United States. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) says that out of every 100 babies born in the United States, three have some kind of major birth defect.
Birth defects can involve many different organs including the brain, heart, lungs, liver, bones, and intestinal tract. How a birth defect affects a given child will vary and depends greatly on the severity of the defect and whether or not other medical conditions are present.
Birth defects can occur for many reasons including inherited (genetic) conditions, toxic exposure of the fetus in the womb, birth injury, and for unknown reasons.
Prevent Birth Defects
The time to prevent birth defects isn't when you give birth to a baby. It's not even when you're pregnant, although what you do during a pregnancy certainly counts for a lot.
But the real critical time for preventing birth defects is actually before you even become pregnant.
Peer pressure is kind of like forcing a person to do something what that person don’t what to do and that thing would be very bad. There also can be a good peer pressure! :)
Good peer pressure?
Good peer pressure, on the other hand, is being pushed into something that you didn't have the courage to do or just didn't cross your mind to do. However, as you think about it, it seems like a good thing to do. Good peer pressure can also be a situation when your friends convince you not to do something you were going to do because it wasn't in your best interest. Some people say that good peer pressure is when you get pushed into something that you didn't want to do and it turned out well. Well, this may be nice, but ask yourself this question: how do you know "ahead of time" whether what you are doing will turn out good or bad? Can you? Most people can't, but if you can, your problems may be solved! When the time comes for you to make these big decisions, it is important to think before deciding. Take as long as you need just to think about whether you want to do it, think about whether you should, and finally think about the consequences. These are the important things that must be done before any big decision is made. Also, knowing who is asking you to do something helps you make the decision. If the person is not your friend, you should really consider what they want you to do, but if you know, trust and respect this person then you might seriously consider what they ask.
Personal Health plan to maintain proper Nutrition, Sleep, and Exercise!
An estimated 47 million American adults may be putting themselves at risk for injury as well as health and behavior problems because they aren't meeting their minimum sleep needs in order to be fully alert the next day, according to polls by the National Sleep Foundation (NSF).
Getting behind the wheel of a vehicle when you're sleepy is as dangerous as drinking and driving. Yet, according to a recent poll by the National Sleep Foundation (NSF), 60 percent of adults licensed to drive say they have driven drowsy in the past year. What that means is that about 118 million people are making our roads more dangerous because they are driving when they are sleepy and less alert than they should be. There's a good chance that one of those drivers could be on the road near you.
Nutrition Exercise Sleep
More for Health plan!
Eating: The Pyramid Plan offers you a personal eating plan with the foods and amounts that are right for you. http://www.mypyramid.gov/ there is also a game for your kids.
Exercising: Physical exercise is bodily activity that develops or maintains physical fitness and overall health. It is often practiced to strengthen muscles and the cardiovascular system, and to hone athletic skills. Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system, and helps prevent diseases of affluence such as heart disease, cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes and obesity. It also improves mental health and helps prevent depression.
Exercises are generally grouped into three types depending on the overall effect they have on the human body:
* Flexibility exercises such as stretching improve the range of motion of muscles and joints.
* Aerobic exercises such as cycling, walking, running, hiking, and playing tennis focus on increasing cardiovascular endurance.
* Anaerobic exercises such as weight training, functional training or sprinting increase short-term muscle strength.
Sleep: you need about 8 hours of sleep a day/night :)
Budgeting and schedule!
Working with the elders!
Working with the elders was a scary thing but it was fun at the same time because I got to help them in my own way. I checked their mail and doing there house work what they can’t do.
Regional/global service agencies
The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
Their mission is to provide quality, responsive engineering services to the nation including:
* Planning, designing, building and operating water resources and other civil works projects (Navigation, Flood Control, Environmental Protection, Disaster Response, etc.)
* Designing and managing the construction of military facilities for the Army and Air Force. (Military Construction)
* Providing design and construction management support for other Defense and federal agencies. (Interagency and International Services)
Today, as always, they stand ready... engineers, scientists, real estate specialists and administrators alike to meet national security, emergency and other national requirements. Engineers, scientists, real estate specialists and administrators alike to meet national security, emergency and other national requirements.
* Project Cooperation Agreement Between the Department of the Army and Bering Strait School District for Construction of the Section 14 Shoreline Protection, Shishmaref, Alaska
They help’s us by our sea wall and helping us for relocating, also survey rocks by Ear Mountain to see if they just right for our sea wall and I don’t think that they are the right ones and I really hope they find because is cost a lot just to bring them here at Shishmaref.
The reason why we have to relocate is that every year we lose more of land and having to move houses around town just to feel safe. We had the chance to move Shishmaref in 1974 or sometimes in the 1970’s, but the community asked the elders if we can move Shishmaref but they didn’t want them to.