Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Obesity Ppt
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Obesity Ppt

7,877

Published on

0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
7,877
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
314
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Obesity By: Megan Evans & Laura Ornes
  • 2. WHAT IS OBESITY? <ul><li>BMI (body mass index of 30-40 </li></ul><ul><li>40+ is morbidly obese </li></ul><ul><li>BMI measures body weight </li></ul><ul><li>and height. </li></ul><ul><li>when more calories are </li></ul><ul><li>consumed than burned </li></ul><ul><li>20%+ over the healthy weight </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obesity
  • 3. FACTS <ul><li>becoming an increasingly common topic </li></ul><ul><li>multiplied by 100% in the past 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>2/3’s of Americans </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 deaths per year </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 4 children are overweight and at risk </li></ul><ul><li>effects all races, genders, income levels, and age groups </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. highest % of obesity </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>The graph shows the % of total country populations of people with a BMI of over 30 </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Bmi30chart.png
  • 5. HEALTH CONCERNS <ul><li>#1 chronic illness in America </li></ul><ul><li>in most cases it’s completely preventable </li></ul><ul><li>increasing at the rate of an infectious disease </li></ul><ul><li>9% of all medical spending goes to treat obesity related issues </li></ul><ul><li>25% are completely sedentary (non moving) </li></ul>
  • 6. DISEASES AND DISORDERS <ul><li>Obesity increases the chances for… </li></ul><ul><li>-diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>-cardiovascular disease </li></ul><ul><li>-fatty liver disease </li></ul><ul><li>-coronary heart disease </li></ul><ul><li>-stroke </li></ul><ul><li>-congestive heart failure </li></ul><ul><li>- and more </li></ul>
  • 7. GENETICS <ul><li>Genes controlling appetite and metabolism effect chances </li></ul><ul><li>Studies with identical twins have shown 77% childhood obesity is inherited </li></ul><ul><li>FTO gene study concluded that heterozygous 30% and homozygous 70% chances of increased risk of obesity </li></ul><ul><li>More genes being discovered that increase obesity chances </li></ul><ul><li>“ thrifty genotype hypothesis” </li></ul><ul><li>-same genes that helped our ancestors survive famines are challenged by food being plentiful year round. </li></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>50 chromosomal locations are relevant to obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic factors play a role but to fully develop a lot of caloric intake must occur </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obesity
  • 9. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS <ul><li>Average caloric intake has increased(1991-1996 1774 kc -2002 kc) </li></ul><ul><li>-readily available foods- fast food and junk food </li></ul><ul><li>-buying food in bulk </li></ul><ul><li>-healthier foods more expensive than fast food </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of physical activity( 1 in 4 get no exercise at all in a day) </li></ul><ul><li>-increase of technology </li></ul><ul><li>-long work hours </li></ul><ul><li>-less manual labor </li></ul><ul><li>-no desire </li></ul>
  • 10. TREATMENT <ul><li>For overweight individuals: </li></ul><ul><li>-control appetite </li></ul><ul><li>-eat healthier foods </li></ul><ul><li>-increase activity level </li></ul><ul><li>For obese individuals: (all the above) </li></ul><ul><li>-prescription medication to absorb fat and control hunger </li></ul><ul><li>-weight loss surgery (gastric bypass) </li></ul>
  • 11. The most effective way to treat obesity is to live a healthy lifestyle. 
  • 12. OVERVIEW <ul><li>Obesity is growing concern </li></ul><ul><li>Both genetic and environmental factors cause it </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss surgery is sometimes the only treatment </li></ul><ul><li>All negative health effects </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. has the biggest population of obese people </li></ul><ul><li>Childhood obesity is on the rise </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to live a healthy lifestyle for yourself and your body!! </li></ul>
  • 13. REFERENCES <ul><li>Obesity. In Wikipedia . Retrieved April 10, 2008, from Wikipedia database. </li></ul><ul><li>(2007, October 27). Obesity and Genetics . Retrieved April 13, 2008, from National Health Geonomics: http://www.cdc.gov/genomics/training/perspectives/files/obesedit.htm </li></ul><ul><li>(n.d.). Obesity Statistics . Retrieved April 13, 2008, from : http://www.annecollins.com/obesity/statistics-obesity.htm </li></ul><ul><li>(n.d.). What is Obesity? . Retrieved April 12, 2008, from Wed MD: http://www.webmd.com/diet/what-is-obesity </li></ul><ul><li>(n.d.). Obesity at an All Time High . Retrieved April 12, 2008, from Healthlink: http://healthlink.mcw.edu/article/1031002183.html </li></ul>
  • 14. <ul><li>Questions </li></ul>
  • 15. <ul><li>Do you think that obesity is a big problem in the United States? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>How would you treat obesity but also keep the tax dollars down? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think that the amount of overweight and obese people has grown so much? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you believe obesity has more to do with genetic or environmental factors? </li></ul><ul><li>Any more questions? </li></ul>

×