Vocabulary Review GENETICS
Study of how characteristics are transmitted from parent to offspring GENETICS
The father of genetics GREGOR MENDEL
Physical feature determined by the genotype PHENOTYPE
Plant used by Mendel for his hereditary studies GARDEN PEAS
Transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring HEREDITY
A genetically determined characteristic TRAIT
Stronger of two alleles that shows up most often DOMINANT
Transferring pollen grains from anthers to the stigma of flowers POLLINATION
How garden peas are pollinated SELF POLLINATION
Female part of a flower STIGMA
Having identical alleles (AA or aa) HOMOZYGOUS
Another term for a heterozygous genotype HYBRID
Law stating that a pair of alleles will separate whenever gametes are formed LAW OF SEGREGATION
F 1  Dihybrid phenotypic ratio 9:3:3:1
A genotype having one dominant and one recessive allele HETEROZYGOUS
Law stating that alleles separate independently of each other when sperm and eggs are formed LAW OF INDEPENDENT ASSORTMENT
F 1  Monohybrid Genotypic ratio 1:2:1
F 1  Monohybrid Phenotypic ratio 3:1
How Mendel pollinated garden peas CROSS POLLINATION
Male part of a flower ANTHER/STAMEN
The generation of true-breeding plants that Mendel used first P 1  GENERATION
Two forms of a gene ALLELES
Instructions on DNA that code for specific proteins or traits GENES
The weaker of two alleles in a pair that is often masked by the dominant allele RECESSIVE
Gene combination in the offspring GENOTYPE
Dominance that occurs whenever both alleles for a trait are expressed CODOMINANCE
Type of genetics that studies the genes and chromosomes of an organism MOLECULAR GENETICS
Type of letter used to represent a dominant allele CAPITAL
What Mendel called alleles in his experiments with pea plants FACTORS
The likelihood that an event will occur like tossing heads or tails on a coin PROBABILITY
Cross involving two traits DIHYBRID
Dominance that occurs whenever the hybrid genotype produces a new, intermediate phenotype INCOMPLETE DOMINANCE
Used to solve genetics problems PUNNETT SQUARE
Generation of all hybrids produced by crossing two pure organisms F 1  GENERATION
Crossing a hybrid with a pure organism is this type of cross (1:1) TESTCROSS
Genetic cross involving a single trait MONOHYBRID
Type of dominance in which the dominant allele is always expressed COMPLETE DOMINANCE
Generation that shows a 3:1 ratio of phenotypes F 2  GENERATION
 
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Genetics

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Genetics

  1. 1. Vocabulary Review GENETICS
  2. 2. Study of how characteristics are transmitted from parent to offspring GENETICS
  3. 3. The father of genetics GREGOR MENDEL
  4. 4. Physical feature determined by the genotype PHENOTYPE
  5. 5. Plant used by Mendel for his hereditary studies GARDEN PEAS
  6. 6. Transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring HEREDITY
  7. 7. A genetically determined characteristic TRAIT
  8. 8. Stronger of two alleles that shows up most often DOMINANT
  9. 9. Transferring pollen grains from anthers to the stigma of flowers POLLINATION
  10. 10. How garden peas are pollinated SELF POLLINATION
  11. 11. Female part of a flower STIGMA
  12. 12. Having identical alleles (AA or aa) HOMOZYGOUS
  13. 13. Another term for a heterozygous genotype HYBRID
  14. 14. Law stating that a pair of alleles will separate whenever gametes are formed LAW OF SEGREGATION
  15. 15. F 1 Dihybrid phenotypic ratio 9:3:3:1
  16. 16. A genotype having one dominant and one recessive allele HETEROZYGOUS
  17. 17. Law stating that alleles separate independently of each other when sperm and eggs are formed LAW OF INDEPENDENT ASSORTMENT
  18. 18. F 1 Monohybrid Genotypic ratio 1:2:1
  19. 19. F 1 Monohybrid Phenotypic ratio 3:1
  20. 20. How Mendel pollinated garden peas CROSS POLLINATION
  21. 21. Male part of a flower ANTHER/STAMEN
  22. 22. The generation of true-breeding plants that Mendel used first P 1 GENERATION
  23. 23. Two forms of a gene ALLELES
  24. 24. Instructions on DNA that code for specific proteins or traits GENES
  25. 25. The weaker of two alleles in a pair that is often masked by the dominant allele RECESSIVE
  26. 26. Gene combination in the offspring GENOTYPE
  27. 27. Dominance that occurs whenever both alleles for a trait are expressed CODOMINANCE
  28. 28. Type of genetics that studies the genes and chromosomes of an organism MOLECULAR GENETICS
  29. 29. Type of letter used to represent a dominant allele CAPITAL
  30. 30. What Mendel called alleles in his experiments with pea plants FACTORS
  31. 31. The likelihood that an event will occur like tossing heads or tails on a coin PROBABILITY
  32. 32. Cross involving two traits DIHYBRID
  33. 33. Dominance that occurs whenever the hybrid genotype produces a new, intermediate phenotype INCOMPLETE DOMINANCE
  34. 34. Used to solve genetics problems PUNNETT SQUARE
  35. 35. Generation of all hybrids produced by crossing two pure organisms F 1 GENERATION
  36. 36. Crossing a hybrid with a pure organism is this type of cross (1:1) TESTCROSS
  37. 37. Genetic cross involving a single trait MONOHYBRID
  38. 38. Type of dominance in which the dominant allele is always expressed COMPLETE DOMINANCE
  39. 39. Generation that shows a 3:1 ratio of phenotypes F 2 GENERATION
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