Genetics

0 views
1,237 views

Published on

1 Comment
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
0
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
93
Comments
1
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Genetics

  1. 2. Gregor Mendel
  2. 3. Vocabulary
  3. 4. Pisum sativum
  4. 5. Genetic Crosses
  5. 6. Mendel’s Laws
  6. 7. Dominance
  7. 8. $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Gregor Mendel Vocabulary Pisum sativum Genetic Crosses Mendel’s Laws Dominance
  8. 9. Took courses in this subject at the University of Vienna that later helped him with his genetic studies
  9. 10. What is mathematics or statistics?
  10. 11. Mendel did research on this --- the transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring
  11. 12. What is heredity?
  12. 13. Number of traits Mendel observed in his study with pea plants
  13. 14. What is Seven?
  14. 15. Mendel used this to transfer pollen from the anther to the stigma of flowers
  15. 16. What is a small paint brush?
  16. 17. Mendel was able to document the traits of each pea generation by controlling this
  17. 18. What is pollination?
  18. 19. Two forms of a Gene
  19. 20. What are alleles?
  20. 21. Genotype referred to as being “Pure”
  21. 22. What is homozygous?
  22. 23. Heterozygous genotypes are also called this
  23. 24. What are hybrids?
  24. 25. Two forms that a gene or allele may take
  25. 26. What are dominant or recessive?
  26. 27. Mendel stated that physical traits were inherited as these
  27. 28. What are “particles”?
  28. 29. Pure parent pea plants are obtained by doing this
  29. 30. What is allow to self-pollinate?
  30. 31. Recessive seed shape in Mendel’s peas
  31. 32. What is wrinkled?
  32. 33. Flower part that produces pollen
  33. 34. What is the stamen?
  34. 35. Mendel was able to cross 2 hybrids by doing this
  35. 36. What is transfer pollen himself or cross-pollinate?
  36. 37. Actual observed ratio that Mendel got from an F 1 monohybrid Cross
  37. 38. What is 2.96:1?
  38. 39. Cross involving 2 traits
  39. 40. What is dihybrid?
  40. 41. Used to solve genetic crosses
  41. 42. What is a Punnett Square?
  42. 43. Percentage of tall pea plants resulting from an F 1 Monohybrid Cross
  43. 44. What is 75%?
  44. 45. Another name for an F 2 Monohybrid Cross
  45. 46. What is a testcross?
  46. 47. Genotypic ratio for an F 2 Monohybrid Cross
  47. 48. What is 1:1?
  48. 49. Number of P 1 traits that fail to appear in Mendel’s F 1 pea plants
  49. 50. What is one?
  50. 51. Trait that appeared in the F 1 generation was controlled by this factor or allele
  51. 52. What is dominant?
  52. 53. Separation of factors or alleles during the formation of gametes
  53. 54. What is the Law of Segregation?
  54. 55. Dihybrid Crosses showed that alleles aren’t connected when being distributed to gametes
  55. 56. What is the Law of Independent Assortment?
  56. 57. Daily Double!!
  57. 58. Number of Possible allele Combinations in an F 1 Dihybrid Cross
  58. 59. What is four?
  59. 60. Used to represent alleles or factors that mask others
  60. 61. What is a Capital Letter?
  61. 62. States that recessive trait alleles have no effect on phenotype when paired with a dominant trait allele
  62. 63. What is the Law of Dominance?
  63. 64. Gives hybrids an appearance in between the phenotypes of the two parents
  64. 65. What is Incomplete Dominance?
  65. 66. Multiple alleles for human blood type is an example
  66. 67. What is Codominance?
  67. 68. Type of dominance shown in Mendel’s pea plant crosses
  68. 69. What is Complete Dominance?
  69. 70. Double Jeopardy!!
  70. 72. Genetic Ratios
  71. 73. Genetic Disorders
  72. 74. Genes
  73. 75. Sex-Linked
  74. 76. Mutations
  75. 77. Human Genetics
  76. 78. $200 $400 $600 $800 $1000 $200 $400 $600 $800 $1000 $200 $400 $600 $800 $1000 $200 $400 $600 $800 $1000 $200 $400 $600 $800 $1000 $200 $400 $600 $800 $1000 Genetic Ratios Genetic Disorders Genes Sex-linked Mutations Human Genetics
  77. 79. P 1 Monohybrid genotypic ratio
  78. 80. What is All Alike?
  79. 81. F 1 Monohybrid genotypic ratio
  80. 82. What is 1:2:1?
  81. 83. F 2 Monohybrid genotypic ratio
  82. 84. What is 1:1?
  83. 85. F 1 Dihybrid Phenotypic ratio
  84. 86. What is 9:3:3:1?
  85. 87. Probability of getting hybrids from an F 1 Monohybrid Cross
  86. 88. What is 50% or ½?
  87. 89. Family record showing the inheritance of a trait over several generations
  88. 90. What is a pedigree?
  89. 91. Type of mutation that causes death, often before birth
  90. 92. What is a lethal mutation?
  91. 93. Genetic disorder that produces a defective form of hemoglobin
  92. 94. What is sickle cell anemia?
  93. 95. Chromosome mutation resulting in Down Syndrome
  94. 96. What is nondisjunction?
  95. 97. Genetic disorder in which the body can not metabolize the amino acid phenylalanine
  96. 98. What is PKU?
  97. 99. Alternate forms of a Gene
  98. 100. What are alleles?
  99. 101. Genes are carried on these
  100. 102. What are chromosomes?
  101. 103. Shows the linear sequence of genes on a chromosome
  102. 104. What is a chromosome map?
  103. 105. Gene mutation involving a single nucleotide
  104. 106. What is a point mutation?
  105. 107. Genes found on the same chromosome are said to be this
  106. 108. What is linked?
  107. 109. Genotype for males
  108. 110. What is XY?
  109. 111. Sex chromosome that carries the most genes
  110. 112. What is the X chromosome?
  111. 113. X-linked disease usually in males that impairs the ability of blood to clot
  112. 114. What is hemophilia?
  113. 115. Females that do not express a trait but can pass the trait on to their offspring
  114. 116. What are carriers?
  115. 117. The presence of male or female hormones affects these traits
  116. 118. What are sex-influenced traits?
  117. 119. A mutation may take place in any of these
  118. 120. What is a cell?
  119. 121. Mutations that aren’t passed on to offspring
  120. 122. What are somatic mutations?
  121. 123. Organisms with these have a better chance of reproducing
  122. 124. What is a beneficial mutation?
  123. 125. Loss of a piece of a chromosome due to chromosomal breakage
  124. 126. What is a deletion?
  125. 127. Daily Double!!
  126. 128. Condition in which a zygote has only 45 chromosomes
  127. 129. What is monosomy?
  128. 130. Trait controlled by two or more genes such as eye or skin color
  129. 131. What is a polygenic trait?
  130. 132. Genetic disorder found in European Jews in which the nervous system of infants deteriorates
  131. 133. What is Tay-Sachs disease?
  132. 134. Genetic disorder carried on the X chromosome resulting in the wasting away of muscles
  133. 135. What is muscular dystrophy?
  134. 136. XXY chromosomes in a male
  135. 137. What is Klinefelter’s syndrome?
  136. 138. Screening for this disorder is performed immediately after birth in the United States
  137. 139. What is PKU?
  138. 140. Final Jeopardy
  139. 141. This type of dominance occurs when heterozygous individuals & dominant homozygous individuals are indistinguishable in phenotype
  140. 142. What is complete dominance?

×