Mrs. Brand                                            Name_____________________
Living Environment                        ...
The Great Outdoors

Many outdoor jobs await people well trained in the life sciences. Horticulturalists develop new
crop v...
the Doctor of Philosophy degree (Ph.D.) which may take five or six years of intense and
demanding training. There are some...

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Biology Careers for the Next Century

Biology Careers- General or Mixed Information S...

Teaching Science (NSTA)
Career Details :: Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary
Animal Biology

Careers in Marine Biology & Oceanography
Career Information in Marine or Aquatic Sciences
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Career info sheet

  1. 1. Mrs. Brand Name_____________________ Living Environment Date __________ Period ____ Careers in the Biological Sciences Instructions: Read the introduction (below) on careers in the biological sciences. Then, using the internet resources listed on page 4 select three careers in the biological sciences that seem to be of interest to you. Record the required information for each career on the chart provided. Careers in the Biological Sciences What Jobs Do Biologists Have? Research The best research biologists are driven to understand how living systems work. Many practice basic research — seeking knowledge for its own sake. The results of basic research are often put to practical use by applied researchers, who try to find solutions to specific problems. For instance, plant physiologists and microbiologists might measure how much and what kinds of gases are taken up by plants and bacteria under different environmental conditions in a lab. That information could then be used by climate modelers who are trying to estimate how quickly our atmosphere might change. An ecologist might study what makes rodent or insect populations rise and fall. That information could be passed on to epidemiologists, who often track the spread of disease from animals to humans. A cell biologist might study how a single cell develops into a complex organism with numerous tissue types. His or her insights could explain why cancer cells grow out of control and may lead to future treatments. Many researchers work at colleges and universities, where they also teach. Industry employs research biologists in fields such as biotechnology, drug development, and food processing. Some research biologists work for the government, where they aim to protect and restore the environment, breed better crops, fight human and animal diseases, evaluate food and drug safety, or work on space missions. Researchers attend seminars, read scientific journals, and write articles to tell others about their results. Some travel to exotic places to do their work. Researchers often need help from skilled people trained in biology. Laboratory technicians help carry out experiments; they often become experts at taking field measurements, manipulating cells, handling animals and chemicals, or using sophisticated instruments. Health Care Health care workers apply biological knowledge to keep people healthy or return sick people to health. Physicians, dentists, nurses, medical technicians, and physician's assistants all must have a solid biology background. Some health care professionals work directly with patients; others may devise public health campaigns to defeat illnesses such as tuberculosis, AIDS, cancer, and heart disease. Some work to prevent the spread of rare, deadly diseases like that caused by the now infamous Ebola virus.
  2. 2. The Great Outdoors Many outdoor jobs await people well trained in the life sciences. Horticulturalists develop new crop varieties, care for plants in greenhouses and fields, and design landscape plans. Fisheries biologists might work with an aquaculture company, overseeing the reproduction of farm-raised trout that eventually end up in your local supermarket. Zookeepers make food, medicate animals, and may help with captive breeding programs for endangered species. The "office" for many of these jobs is the outdoors, and the dress is casual. Employers include private companies and federal and state governments. The not-for-profit conservation sector is providing an increasing number of jobs. Education Life science educators combine their love of biology with a knack for communicating. People trained in the life sciences are needed as teachers in primary and secondary schools. Teaching younger students requires a general knowledge of science and skill at working with different kinds of learners. High school teachers often specialize in biology and teach courses of personal interest, such as marine biology or physiology. Museums, zoos, and nature centers also hire educators, exhibition designers, artists, and other specialists who have good biology backgrounds. At museums, educators interact with others to plan and carry out exhibitions. They might gather materials from museum collections for teaching a class. Naturalists lead hikes in wild areas and plan educational programs. New Directions in Biological Careers More and more people are combining their biological knowledge with other professional training. You could consider being a lawyer with an environmental advocacy organization, working to protect endangered species, or with a biotechnology company evaluating patents. Someone with an interest in biology and business might consider working as a regulatory affairs manager for companies that sell seeds, drugs, or other biologically based products. Before such products go on sale, regulatory affairs people have to put together the scientific information the government needs to approve these goods for public use. If you have a flair for words, you could work as a science journalist, writing about advances in science in a way that non-experts can understand. Or, you might consider being a policy analyst, helping government officials develop science-based legislation. What Education And Training Do You Need? Few people decide their life's work in middle or high school. But if you think a science-related career might be for you, now is the time to start taking all the science, math, and computer courses you can. As you plan a career path, it helps to know your likes and dislikes. Would you rather work with people or with plants and animals? Do you want to be in the laboratory or outdoors? Consider how long you want to go to school. For some biology jobs, a two-year college degree is sufficient. Examples include medical assistant, dental hygienist, or veterinary technician. But most life sciences careers require at least an undergraduate degree (Bachelor of Science, B.S.) and often an advanced degree, such as a Master of Science (M.S.). Research jobs typically require
  3. 3. the Doctor of Philosophy degree (Ph.D.) which may take five or six years of intense and demanding training. There are some specialized degrees in the life sciences, the most prominent being the Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) which usually takes four years to earn. Physicians must then do additional training before they can practice medicine. Biology teachers and other educators often major in biology or a related science and also earn a teaching certificate. Science journalists may earn biology and journalism degrees. Science policy specialists often have an advanced biology degree and other specialized training, such as a law degree. While obtaining your formal education, try to get some relevant work experience. The only way to know whether biology is for you is to give it a try. Life Science Careers for the Future Why not work as a biologist and make today's science fiction real for tomorrow's students? Even though no one can predict what discoveries some of today's middle and high school students will make when they eventually become biologists, it is a safe bet that they will outstrip our present imaginings. Ecologists may figure out ways to lessen the impact of the changing global climate and to manage diminishing forest reserves. Marine biologists may discover ways to get more food from the ocean and help endangered fish stocks recover at the same time. Plant geneticists could develop better methods to engineer super nutritious crops. Researchers who study human biology might slow the aging process, cure genetic diseases and help paralyzed people by making nerve cells grow again. These biologists of the future will work in fields and labs just as scientists do today. Some will venture far into space and deep into the sea. Others may do their work in virtual reality rooms more sophisticated than any you could find now. All of these scientists are likely to communicate on something even fancier than the Internet, which was first invented so that scientists could quickly spread information to each other. For those who aren't necessarily going to be researchers, there are still important reasons to study biology. Many non-research careers await those with biological knowledge, in fields ranging from medicine to education to environmental protection. Even if you don't think you'll use biology in your profession, you'll learn how living things work, how they interact with one another, and how they evolved. This knowledge and a scientific way of thinking will serve you well when you make personal health decisions, when you evaluate the environmental positions of elected officials and the quality of scientific explanations by the media, and even when you buy goods and services. Studying biology teaches you to ask questions, judge evidence, and solve problems. -The American Institute of Biological Sciences
  4. 4. INTERNET RESOURCES Start Here!! Biology Careers for the Next Century Biology Careers- General or Mixed Information Sources Careers in the Biological Sciences (AIBS) Careers in Biology (SICB) Biology Career Descriptions Biology Careers on the Internet Occupational Outlook for Biological and Medical Scientists US Department of Labor Occupational Outlook Handbook CareerInfo.Net
  5. 5. Miscellaneous Teaching Science (NSTA) Career Details :: Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary Bioethics for Beginners ( Careers in Theoretical Biology Astrobiology Biological Systems Engineering (BSE) Careers in Biological Systematics (ASPT) Molecular, Cellular and Physical Biology and Biotechnology Experiences in Molecular and Cellular Biology Careers in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB) Careers in the Microbiological Sciences Careers in Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology (SIM) Guide to Biotechnology (Biotechnology Industry Organization) Careers in the Genetics Field (FASEB) Careers in Human Genetics Careers in Genetics Counseling (NSGC) Careers in Forensic Science (AAFS) Photobiology Health-Related Careers Careers in Epidemiology Careers in Public Health Career Paths in Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine (IDSA) Health Education Health and Bioscience-Related Fields Planning a Career in Biomedical Engineering (BMES) Medical Career Info --- great site for those interested in medical careers!!!!!!!!!! Becoming a Neuroscientist Careers in Pathology (ASCP) Pathology as a Career in Medicine Careers in Physiology (APS) Careers in Teratology (TS) Careers in Dentistry (ADA) Careers in Dietetics (American Dietetic Association) Careers in Medical Illustration (AMI) Careers in Pharmacology (ASPET) Careers in Nursing General Physician Career Center The Process of Becoming a Physician Chiropractic Education/Careers (ACA) Radiologic Technologist Career Information
  6. 6. Animal Biology Careers in Marine Biology & Oceanography Career Information in Marine or Aquatic Sciences Career Information on Animal Science (American Society of Animal Science) Careers in Animal Behavior Careers in Mammalogy Careers in Marine Mammal Science Marine Science Careers Zoo and Aquarium Career Opportunities Guide to Zoological Park Careers Career as a Zookeeper (AAZK) Careers in Entomology (ESA) Careers in Forensic Entomology (ABFE) Careers in Ichthyology Careers in Herpetology (SSAR) Ornithology Animal and Poultry Sciences Careers in Parasitology (ASP) Plant Biology Careers in Botany Careers in Plant Pathology Careers in Arboriculture (TCIA) Field Biology Careers in Ecology (ESA) Career Opportunities in Ecology and Environmental Studies Outdoor/Environmental Careers Environmental Careers Organization Careers in Environmental Journalism (SEJ) Careers in Forestry (SAF) Experiences in Field Biology Careers in Fish and Wildlife Management Careers with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Working in the Aquatic Sciences (ASLO)