AP Biology Course Syllabus AP Biology Course Syllabus AP ...


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AP Biology Course Syllabus AP Biology Course Syllabus AP ...

  1. 1. AP Biology Course Syllabus Course Overview Classes meet on alternating days in a 90 minute block. Each block centers around a 45-60 minute lecture with an accompanying activity. Full blocks are set aside along with four Saturday mornings to cover the required AP labs. The focus of the course is preparation for the AP exam along with application of the topics covered to real life events. Students are required to write extensively through practice essays and abstract summaries of current research. Course Planner The course is organized into 7 units, focused around the eight major themes of the AP Biology course. The lecture for each unit incorporates these themes. Theme 1-Science as a Process Theme 2-Evolution Theme 3-Energy transfer Theme 4-Continuity and change Theme 5-Relationship of Structure to Function Theme 6-Regulation Theme 7-Interdependence in Nature Theme 8-Science, Technology and Society Textbook Used: AP Biology, 7th ed. by Neil Campbell and Jane Reece, Pearson-Cummings, 2005. Additional Additional Readings and Writing assignments: Coming Plague by Laurie Garrett, Penguin books, 1994. Biweekly abstracts summarizing current research in topics currently studied. Weekly practice essays in preparation for the free response questions on the AP exam. Projects: 1. Year long journal-students will collect current research articles of biology topics for discussion. 2. Teaching project-students will present the unit on human systems, providing a lecture, lab and quiz. 3. Tissue culture experiment-students will conduct a semester long experiment cloning plants in tissue culture media. 4. Bioethics discussion-students will research different viewpoints of a current bioethics topic (pandemics, eugenics, transgenic organisms etc.)using a local bioethics portal. They will then represent their viewpoints in a class discussion/debate.
  2. 2. Course Calendar Unit Dates Topics Chapters First Semester, First Term Atoms 1 Molecules Chemistry August 21- Water Structure/Properties 2,3,4,5 of Life September 10 Carbon and organic compounds Structure/function of Macromolecules Cell organelle structure/function 2 September 11- Membrane structure/function The Cell October 30 Enzymes and energy 6,7,8,9,10,11,12 Cell respiration Photosynthesis Cell cycle First Semester, Second Term Mitosis/Meiosis Mendelian genetics 3 October 31- DNA replication Genetics December 1 Protein synthesis 13,14,15,16,17,18,19, Viral/bacterial genetics 20,21 Biotechnology Darwin 4 Evidence/Mechanisms of Mechanisms December 2- evolution 22,23,24,25 of Evolution December 21 Population genetics Phylogeny Second Semester, Third Term Prokaryotes 5 January 8- Plant phylogeny 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, Biological February 12 Animal phylogeny 31,32, 33, 34, 35, 36, Diversity Plant Structures/Systems 37, 38, 39 Nutrition/Digestion 6 Circulation Animal February 14- Immune system 41,42,43,44,45,46, Systems March 9 Excretion 47,48,49 Endocrine system Reproduction/Development Nervous/Sensory system
  3. 3. Second Semester, Fourth Term Biomes 7 Animal Behavior Ecology March 13- Population Ecology 50, 51, 52, 53, April 20 Community Interactions 54, 55 Nutritional cycles Conservation Lab Schedule Note: All labs are student led unless otherwise indicated. Unit 1 • Identification of Macromolecules: 1 hour Students identify proteins, carbohydrates, lipids by use of chemical tests. • Molecular Model Building: l hour Students create and build models of organic compounds, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids. • Water Properties: ½ hour 1 day, 1 hour next day Students design a lab to demonstrate a property of water. They then share their lab with the other members of the class. Unit 2 • Microscope and Cell Staining: 1 hour Students review proper microscope techniques and practice staining and drawing their own cells. • AP lab 1-Diffusion and Osmosis: 2 hours Students study the effects of varying solutions on the rates of diffusion and osmosis in plant and animal cells. • AP lab 2-Enzyme Catalysis: 2 hours Students observe the enzyme-substrate complex of catalase/hydrogen peroxide and investigate the effects of temperature and pH on their reaction rate. • AP lab 4-Plant Pigments and Photosynthesis: 2 hours
  4. 4. Students will separate plant pigments using chromatography then measure the rate of photosynthesis in isolated chloroplasts using spectrophotometry. • AP lab 5-Cell Respiration: 2 hours Students will investigate the rate of cell respiration in germinating seeds in varying temperatures using respirometers. • Design an Experiment-Enzymes: 2 hours Students will design and execute an experiment using an enzyme/substrate complex under varying conditions. • Membrane Simulations: 1 hour (virtual lab) Students will use computer simulations to model and understand the workings of the cell membrane. Unit 3 • AP lab 3-Mitosis and Meiosis: 1 hour Students will investigate and identify the stages of mitosis and then calculate the time spent in each stage. They will then calculate the amount of crossing over in samples of the fungus Sordoria. • AP lab 6-Molecular Biology: Gel Electrophoresis: 2 hours Students will use restriction enzymes to digest DNA then perform gel electrophoresis to measure the size of the resulting fragments. • AP lab 6-Molecular Biology: Transformation: 1 hour 1 day, 1 hour next day Students will perform bacterial transformation, inserting a plasmid with a luminescent gene into a colony of E. coli. • AP lab 7-Genetics of Organisms and Statistical Analysis: 1.5 hours Students will statistically analyze genetic crosses of D. melanogaster using the Chi square formula. • Plasmid and Restriction enzyme simulation: 1 hour Students will simulate various restriction enzymes and insert the “cut” DNA into plasmids in a paper and scissors activity. The goal is to make a plasmid with specific inserted DNA as small as possible. Unit 4 • AP lab 8: Population Genetics and Evolution: 1.5 hours Students will calculate Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium using several scenarios. Unit 5 • AP lab 9: Transpiration: 1.5 hours (virtual)
  5. 5. Students will measure transpiration in plants under different environmental conditions. •Bacterial Growth: 1 hour 1 day, 1 hour next day Students will streak plates and grow bacterial cultures under differing environmental conditions. • Plant Dissection: 1 hour Students will dissect plants and study the circulatory and root systems. • Comparative animal dissections: 1.5 hours Students will dissect earthworms, crayfish, perch and frogs then present the similarities and differences to the class. • Plant Hormone Experiments: 1 hour 1 day, 10 minutes successive days Students will compare the growth of Carolina Fast Plants with varying amounts of auxin. •Comparative Invertebrate Studies: 1 hour Students will study and compare live samples of Protists, Planaria and Hydra. Unit 6 •AP lab 10-Physiology of the Circulatory system: 1.5 hours Students will learn how to measure blood pressure. •Student Generated Lab activities: 45 minutes each (some virtual) The project for this unit involves student taught lessons on each animal system. Students will generate a lab activity/simulation for each system presented. Unit 7 •AP lab 11-Animal Behavior: 1.5 hours Students will observe pillbug behavior in response to various environmental conditions. They will then do a computer simulation observing other animal behavior. • AP lab 12-Dissolved Oxygen and Aquatic Primary Productivity: 1.5 hours Students will measure the amount of dissolved oxygen in several water samples. They will then determine primary productivity in the same samples. •Predator/Prey Simulation lab: 1 hour
  6. 6. Students will simulate and measure the predator/prey populations in different ecosystems using different sizes and colors of beans as the prey and eating utensils (spoons, knives, forks) as predators. •Biodiversity of Pond Life: 1 hour Students will observe and count the number of species in a sample of pond water.