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AFS GENETICS SECTION NEWSLETTER
 

AFS GENETICS SECTION NEWSLETTER

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    AFS GENETICS SECTION NEWSLETTER AFS GENETICS SECTION NEWSLETTER Document Transcript

    • AFS GENETICS SECTION NEWSLETTER Volume 18, Issue 4 December 2005 Contents: President’s Message • Hybridization Symposium Proposal Minutes of the 2005 AFS Genetics Section Annual Meeting Fish in the News Tech Job Announcement • Aquatic Genetics PhDships Submit News to AFSGS • Upcoming Events President’s Message Hello Section Members, The Genetics Section is again considering sponsoring one or more symposia at next year’s annual meeting to be held in Lake Placid, New York from 10-14 September 2006. Please submit your ideas for symposia to me by 9 January 2006; the initial AFS submission deadline for symposium proposals is 13 January. Symposium organizers will be notified of acceptance or refusal by 3 February, and organizers of those accepted must submit a complete list of all confirmed speakers and titles to AFS by 24 February. (According to the AFS website, abstracts for contributed presentations are due 10 February.) Guidelines for symposium abstract and presentation format can be found in the October issue of Fisheries, on p. 42 (see also the AFS website, http://www.fisheries.org, for the latest updates). President-Elect Ed Heist has provided a brief description of a proposed symposium on hybridization below. Please let Ed or me know if you are interested in contributing to this or another symposium and, if so, provide us with a tentative title. We welcome other wide-ranging ideas in fish genetics! The rest of the Section’s recent activities are covered below in the minutes from the Anchorage meeting in September. As always, feel free to contact me anytime about Section or Society matters, and I’ll do my best to address your concerns. Sincerely, Jeff Hard, AFS Genetics Section President
    • Hybridization Symposium Proposal “The Role of Hybridization in Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation of Fishes” Suggested Symposium for AFS 2006, Lake Placid, NY Hybridization has important implications for management, conservation, and evolution of fishes. Hybridization can be harmful when it erodes the genetic distinctiveness between species or reduces the frequency of adaptive phenotypes, sometimes leading to the extinction of species with relatively small population sizes. Human activities, including stock transfer, habitat alteration, and exploitation may increase the incidence of hybridization, although the magnitudes of these effects are hard to quantify. The presence of hybrids also complicates management decisions and legislation. Hybridization can also be a natural component of the evolution of fish communities by fostering the exchange of genes among nascent species that are not fully reproductively isolated and may also result in the evolution of new species. In this symposium we will seek to bring together experts from a variety of disciplines including genetics, morphology, management, and conservation to discuss the impacts of hybridization on natural populations of fishes. Topics for discussion include the detection of hybridization and identification of hybrids using molecular and morphological tools, the impact of hybridization on endangered species and endangered species policies, strategies for preserving the genetic integrity of native fishes through elimination of hybrids and non-native fishes, the role of hybridization in the evolution and speciation of fishes, and case studies of the management practices and roles that natural and manmade hybrid fishes play in aquatic ecosystems. Ed and Jeff welcome help on this symposium, particularly in organizing, logistics and presentation ideas. If you would like to volunteer, please contact him! - Editor Symposium Organizers: Ed Heist Fisheries and Illinois Aquaculture Center Southern Illinois University Carbondale edheist@siu.edu Jeff Hard Program Manager, Population Biology Conservation Biology Division Northwest Fisheries Science Center Seattle Washington Jeff.Hard@noaa.gov
    • Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the AFS Genetics Section AFS 2005 Anchorage, AK September 12, 2005 Attending: Brandon Barthel, Meredith Bartron, Joel Carlin, Julie Claussen, Jeff Hard, Ed Heist, Orlay Johnson, Andrew Kinziger, Bernie May, Kathleen Neely, Jennifer Nielson, David Philipp, Ruth Phillips, Wes Porak, Kristina Ramstad, Aaron Schrey, Jim Seeb, Lisa Seeb, Jeff Stein, Bill Templin, Fred Utter , Bob Wattendorf 1) Call to Order - President Jeff Hard (JJH) called the meeting to order at 5PM. More than 15 Section members were present; thus quorum was established. 2) President’s Introductory Remarks – JJH attended the Governor’s Board meeting and noted the following topics were discussed: a) The Fisheries InfoBase program was on track for listing all AFS publications online and searchable by late October. There were plans to include some AFS books as well. b) A resolution was discussed to develop a committee on “Fisheries Development and Sustainability” to be composed of AFS members from multiple disciplines and units. 3) Secretary/treasurer’s report – Kitty Griswold was unable to attend the meeting but provided JJH with a written report. The report is as follows: As of 7/29/2005 the Genetics Section has a balance of $4935.40. We began the fiscal year (08/01/04) with $3049.00. The Genetics Section received income from three sources- member dues, the Great Lakes symposium, and a SNP Workshop held in Anchorage, Alaska by Jim and Lisa Seeb. Member dues accounted for $985, the Great lakes symposium accounted for $1,204, and the SNP workshop netted approximately $700 to the section. Expenses fell into three categories, awards ($100), website fees ($200) and student scholarships ($800). Because the Section was in a good financial position this year, two scholarships were awarded. Jim Seeb noted that the SNP workshop was a good recruiting tool for the section. There were 55 attendees at the meeting. Information about the workshop will be posted on the Section web site. 4. Standing Committees Nominating Committee – In her role as past president of the section Lisa Seeb will be looking for nominees for Secretary/Treasurer and President-Elect. Program Committee – The section was sponsoring or co-sponsoring three symposia at the Anchorage meeting:
    • 1) The Evolution and Ecology of Biocomplexity as a Key to Fisheries Sustainability, moderated by Lorenz Hauser, Lisa Seeb, Jim Seeb, and Jeff Olsen. 2) The Future of Conservation Genetics: Integrating Molecular and Quantitative Genetic Approaches, moderated by Jeff Hard and Paul Moran 3) Science Bridging Five Nations: The Bering-Aleutian Salmon International Survey, moderated by Jim Seeb, Jack Helle, and Kate Myers. The second half of the Bering-Aleutian symposium was dominated by genetics presentations 5. Ad Hoc Committees Newsletter Committee – JJH thanked Joel Carlin for increasing the number of newsletters to four per year and encouraged new submissions for the next newsletter due out October or November, 2005. Membership – Ed Heist (EJH) reported that membership currently stood at 196 members not including eleven new members recruited at the SNP workshop. EJH noted that it was important that the Section retain membership above 200 members to retain voting rights with the Society. Jennifer Neilson (JLN) noted that there a new membership database will be in place soon at Bethesda allowing the Section president to check membership online. Web-site – JJH noted that Jeff Stein has done a lot of work and made considerable improvement to the Section web page. Jeff Stein noted that the web page consists almost entirely of the newsletter and encouraged members to submit material for the web page directly to him. Awards – 1) Wright Award – JHH noted that because of the good financial standing of the section there were two travel awards given this year. Winners of the Wright Travel Award were Kristina Ramstad of the University of Montana and Aaron Schrey of Southern Illinois University. 2) Phelps Award – The Phelps Award committee, which was comprised of Fred Utter, Bernie May, and Ken Currens, announced that the winning manuscript was “Reproductive performance of growth-enhanced transgenic coho salmon” by Cindy Bessey, Robert H. Devlin, N. Robin Liley, and Carlo Biagi, Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 133 (5): 1205-1220. Publications – JHH noted that there are a number of new books out by AFS including “The Behavior and Ecology of Pacific Salmon and Trout” by Thomas Quinn, “Black Carp: Biological Synopsis and Risk Assessment of an Introduced Fish” by Leo G. Nico, James D. Williams, and Howard L. Jelks, and “Monitoring Stream and Watershed Restoration” edited by Philip Roni. A publication is in preparation as a result of the 2004 Propagated Fish in Resource Management meeting, which was attended by section member Anthony Gharrett. Also the genetics text “Population Genetics: Principles and Applications for Fisheries Scientists” edited by Eric
    • Hallerman is still selling well and the perennial question of whether the section would receive royalties from this publication was raised. 6. Old Business Lisa Seeb noted that the SNP workshop was a success and suggested that another should soon be planned, perhaps in a different part of the country. As discussed at the 2004 meeting the “Florida Genetics Policy in the use of Finfish” was reviewed by section members JHH, EJH, John Epifanio and Fred Utter. Wes Porak noted that Mike Tringali is spearheading the revision process in preparation for a November 3 meeting. 7. New Business World Fisheries Congress – JLN noted that proceedings are in preparation from the last congress. The next meeting will be in Sapporo, Japan in 2008 and may have a science-oriented component. Symposia for Lake Placid 2006 – EJH suggested a symposium entitled “The Role of Introgressive Hybridization in Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation of Fishes.” T-shirts – No new business regarding t-shirts. It was noted that the Ray Troll artwork used at the Anchorage meeting were property of AFS and could potentially be used as part of the design for a section t-shirt. 8. Adjournment – The meeting was adjourned at 6:00 PM. Fish in the News Tiny Catfish Species Pulls Back From Near-Extinction November 14, 2005; Release from: Knoxville News Sentinel A species of tiny catfish once thought extinct has rebounded in Great Smoky Mountains National Park and Cherokee National Forest after nearly two decades of recovery efforts. The 3-inch smoky madtom was only discovered in Abrams Creek in the Smokies in 1957 — after a routine fish kill was conducted to reduce the rough fish population and improve trout fishing. Scientists thought they had wiped out the newly discovered species.
    • The fish was believed to be extinct until 1980, when a group of researchers from the University of Tennessee discovered them in Citico Creek in the Cherokee National Forest. "A species thought to be extinct was rediscovered," said Jim Herrig, an aquatic biologist for the forest. "We now have two strong populations, one in Citico, one in Abrams, and we're making good progress on Tellico (River)." The madtom's recovery efforts began in 1986, when eggs were collected from the Citico by Conservation Fisheries, a private, nonprofit hatchery in Knoxville. They began releasing the raised fish in both the Tellico River in the Cherokee National Forest and Abrams Creek. After years of frustration, scientists are starting to see the return, with snorkeling surveys revealing high numbers of fish less than a year old in all three sites. On Sept. 21, biologists observed five wild-spawned smoky madtoms in the Tellico. They have only been stocking that site for two years. "This has been a historic summer for the smoky madtom," said Pat Rakes of Conservation Fisheries. "For the first time since the species was thought to be extinct, there are three known reproducing populations." "Snorkeling Abrams Creek used to be the most frustrating thing in the world," said J.R. Shute with the fisheries. "Now we go there and see more wild-spawned fish than we do our own." Scientists also are working to bring back some other small, federally listed fishes: the yellowfin madtom, duskytail darter and spotfin chub. DNA Technician Position Available at U Florida I am looking for an energetic, well-organized person to join me at a new conservation genetics lab located at the Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences in the University of Florida in Gainesville. The molecular technologist will contribute to a variety of conservation genetic projects involving a wide-variety of terrestrial and aquatic organisms. Examples include the study of the genetics of endemism, landscape genetics, and various phylogenetic and phylogeographic projects. Specific responsibilities will be standard molecular lab work (e.g. DNA isolation, PCR, sample preparation for sequencing, editing sequence data and scoring fragment markers). Skills in construction and cloning of microsatellite and gene libraries, using genomic software and search tools, and running phylogenetic and population genetic software are required. General responsibilities will include maintaining databases, overseeing lab duties, assisting in student training, and
    • ordering supplies. Opportunities to assist in fieldwork will also be available. Pre- requisite is a M.Sc. in a molecular biology field or a minimum of a B.Sc. in related field with at least one year of experience in a molecular biology or molecular systematics environment, with working knowledge of standard molecular lab protocols. Neatness, attention to detail, good organizational skills and ability to manage people are a must. Occasional weekend/evening hours will be necessary. Gainesville is a historic mid-sized (120,000) college town with plenty to offer those interested in the outdoors, wildlife, and the arts. Gainesville is within two hours of Jacksonville, Orlando, Tampa and Tallahasee, and one hour from either coast. This is a three-year position, thereafter renewable on an annual basis upon availability of funding. Salary is $30,000 plus benefits. Applications accepted through 15 January 2006. Start date is expected to be February or March 2006. Inquiries should be made to Dr. Jim Austin at jda34@cornell.edu until the end of 2005; in Gainesville in January 2006 (see http://fishweb.ifas.ufl.edu/). Please send (email) a letter expressing interest, your CV and names of three references. Applicants will also be required to formally apply through the University of Florida employment site: http://jobs.ufl.edu/ James Austin Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Corson Hall Cornell University Ithaca, New York 14853-2701 rj223@bath.ac.uk PhD Students Wanted for Aquatic Genetics Projects! U Bath - Crustacean Phylogenetics Full-time 3 year PhD position in crustacean phylogenetics, Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, UK. We are looking for a highly motivated student interested in participating in an integrative research project aimed at reconstructing the phylogeny of the Crustacea. Among the arthropods, the crustaceans hold special status as the morphologically and ecologically most diverse group. However, a consensus on their high level relationships remains elusive. Moreover, recent phylogenetic evidence hints at the possibility that the most species-rich arthropod group, the hexapods (including insects), has evolved from somewhere within the crustaceans. This project will simultaneously attempt to resolve the broad relationships within the Crustacea, and determine the phylogenetic position of the hexapods within the crustaceans. The student will mainly focus on generating and analysing a large molecular data set comprising multiple genes for a large and diverse sample of crustaceans and their close relatives. The accumulated data will be combined with
    • published molecular evidence, as well as evidence from morphology and fossils. The project will provide all the essential practical and theoretical training necessary for the candidate to become a modern comparative biologist. Candidates should have a degree in Biology, Biochemistry, or a closely related discipline. Excellent lab skills are essential. The project will be supervised by Dr. Matthew Wills (bssmaw@bath.ac.uk) and dr. Ronald Jenner (rj223@bath.ac.uk). Those interested can send informal inquiries, or a cv with 2 references via e-mail or mail to Matthew Wills or Ronald Jenner at the Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK. Application deadline is 16 January 2005. Evolutionary Genetics - UNC Chapel Hill. The Department of Biology at UNC-CH has recently added a number of new faculty in the area of evolutionary genetics (and other areas of evolutionary biology) and we encourage applications for graduate study next fall. Evolutionary genetics lies at the interface of molecular biology and organismal biology. Those interested in such an interdisciplinary approach can pursue research in multiple different laboratories spanning these techniques. See the following web site detailing this program interface and links to the faculty: http://www. bio.unc.edu/graduate/interdiscipline.htm Snail population genetics - U Melbourne Mediterranean white and conical snails (Cernuella virgata, Theba pisana and Cochlicella spp.) are significant pests of grain crops in coastal regions of southern Australia. Existing control methods, including burning of stubble prior to sowing crops, cabling to dislodge snails from aestivation sites, biological control (parasitoid of conical snails only) and chemical control have been only partially successful. A method of snail control that reduces our reliance on chemical pesticides and is species-specific would be highly desirable. The current project will investigate the genetic structure of the pest snail populations and reproductive strategy, in order to determine the suitability for future genetic control methods. The project is a joint venture between CSIRO, The University of Melbourne and the Grains Research and Development Corporation. The PhD student will be based at the University of Melbourne Department of Genetics and will receive training in field work, molecular techniques and population genetics. The student will be required to undertake field work in South Australia and this necessitates a valid Drivers Licence. Applicants will have a bachelor’s degree with honours in biological science (specifically genetics). This is a full-time
    • scholarship with a maximum of 3 years funding available, contingent on satisfactory progress. The stipend is valued at AUD$25,000 per annum. To obtain further information contact Dr Belinda Appleton (b.appleton@unimelb.edu.au) or Dr Rod Mahon (Rod.Mahon@csiro.au). Applications including a curriculum vitae citing relevant studies and/or experience, a short statement of research interests, the names and addresses of three professional referees, and a copy of an official academic record/transcript should be forwarded as soon as possible to Dr Belinda Appleton, Department of Genetics, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia, 3010 or via email b.appleton@unimelb.edu.au. Closing date for applications: Monday 19th December 2005. Your Newsletter Submission Goes Here ! We welcome submissions for section newsletters (Submission Deadline for the next issue is Jan 31). Tell us of your new job, grant or species. Or, perhaps there is a suggestion you would like to make to make the newsletter better? Please send news, concerns, issues, etc. to the Newsletter Editor at carlinjl@whitman.edu. Calendar of Upcoming Events January 2006 Jan 4-8 — 2006 Annual Meeting of SICB, the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology. Walt Disney World Resort, Orlando, FL. Symposia include “Genomic and Proteomic Approaches in Crustacean Biology.” See www.sicb.org/meetings /2006/index.php3. Jan 9 — Submit your AFS Genetics Symposium proposal ideas to Jeff Hard at Jeff.Hard@noaa.gov. Jan 9 — Full proposal target dates for NSF program in both Population and Evolutionary Processes and Systematic Biology. See www.nsf.gov Jan 10 — Abstract deadline for 20th annual meeting of the Society for Conservation Biology, Conservation Without Borders, June 24–28 in San Jose, California. See http://conbio.net/2006/Index.cfm. Jan 15 — Grant application deadline for the NSA Student Research Grant from the Northwest Scientific Association. See http://www.vetmed.wsu.edu/ org_NWS/NWSci_Home.htm. Jan 25 — Salmon 2100 Project: Alternative Futures for Wild Pacific Salmon in Western North America, Portland, OR. Contact Robert Lackey, lackey. robert@epa.gov, 541/754-4607.
    • Jan 31 — Submission deadline for AFS Genetics Society Newsletter. Send articles / ideas to the Editor at carlinjl@whitman.edu. Jan 31 — Travel award deadline for 20th annual meeting of the Society for Conservation Biology, Conservation Without Borders, June 24–28 in San Jose, California. See http://conbio.net/2006/Index.cfm. February 2006 Feb 1 — Abstract deadline for IX International Symposium on Genetics in Aquaculture (ISGA) to be held June 26-30 at Montpelier, France. See http://www.mediaqua.fr/IAGA/web/general_information/index.htm. Feb 13-16 — Aquaculture America 2006, Las Vegas, Nevada. See www.was.org/Meetings/pdf/AA206RegBrochure.pdf, Contact 760/432-4270. Feb 15 — Abstract deadline for VIIth International Congress on the Biology of Fish, to be held 18-22 July at Fairmont Hotel, St. John’s Newfoundland Canada. See http://www.mun.ca/biology/icbf7/index.html. Feb 15 — Abstract deadline for the 1st European Congress of Conservation Biology to be held 22-26 August, Eger, Hungary. See http://www. eccb2006.org/. Feb 15 — Full proposal target date for NSF program in Biological Oceanography. See www.nsf.gov Feb 20-24 — Ocean Sciences 2006, the joint meeting of ASLO, AGU, TOS. Honolulu, Hawaii. See www.agu.org/meetings/os06/. March 2006 Mar 1 — Abstract deadline for Ecological Society of America’s annual meeting, Memphis Tennessee. See http://www.esa.org/memphis/. Mar 1 — Early registration deadline for IX International Symposium on Genetics in Aquaculture (ISGA) to be held June 26-30 at Montpelier, France. See http://www.mediaqua.fr/IAGA/web/general_information/index.htm. Mar 6-8 — Annual meeting of the Northwest Scientific Association, Grove Hotel, Boise Idaho. See http://www.vetmed.wsu.edu/org_NWS/NWSci_Home.htm. Mar 15 — Early registration deadline for VIIth International Congress on the Biology of Fish, to be held 18-22 July at Fairmont Hotel, St. John’s Newfoundland Canada. See http://www.mun.ca/biology/icbf7/index.html. Mar 15 — Remind your students! Sigma Xi Grants-in-Aid graduate student grant application deadline. Visit the http://www.sigmaxi.org/programs/ giar/index.shtml for details. Mar 31 — Grant application deadline for the Society of Systematic Biologists’ Mini- PEET Awards to Enhance Transfer of Taxonomic Knowledge. See
    • http://systbiol.org/minipeet.html. Mar 31 — Grant application deadline for the Society of Systematic Biologists Awards for Graduate Student Research. See http://systbiol.org/ studentaward.html. April-June 2006 Apr 13-15 — 53rd annual meeting of SWAN, the Southwestern Association of Naturalists, Universidad de Colima, Colima, Col. México. See http://www.ibiologia.unam.mx/barra/congresos/naturalis/sanindex.htm. Apr 21-23 — The evolutionary biologists of the Pacific Northwest will meet at EVO- WIBO 2006 at Fort Worden State Park in Port Townsend, Washington. See http://www.zoology.ubc.ca/evo-wibo/index.html. Apr 30 — Early registration deadline for the 1st European Congress of Conservation Biology to be held 22-26 August, Eger, Hungary. See http://www.eccb2006.org/. May 9-13 — Aquaculture 2006, Joint meeting of the European Aquaculture Society and the World Aquaculture Society. Florence, Italy. See www.was.org. May 23-27 — "Get your kicks in 2006" Annual meeting of the Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections. Sheraton Old Town, Albuquerque, New Mexico. See http://www.spnhc.org/. Jun 4-9 — American Society of Limnology and Oceanography Summer Meeting: Global Challenges Facing Oceanography and Limnology, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. See http://aslo.org/meetings/victoria2006/. Jun 23-27 — Evolution 2006, the joint meeting of the American Society of Naturalists, the Society of Systematic Biologists and the Society for the Study of Evolution, at State University of New York at Stony Brook, New York. See http://life.bio.sunysb.edu/ee/sse2006/. Jun 24–28 — 20th annual meeting of the Society for Conservation Biology, Conservation Without Borders, in San Jose, California. See http://conbio.net/2006/Index.cfm. Jun 26-30 — IX International Symposium on Genetics in Aquaculture (ISGA), Montpelier, France. See http://www.mediaqua.fr/IAGA/web/general_information/index.htm.