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  • 1. Ethical Issues in Genetics University of Minnesota - Duluth Authors: Russell Dylla & Erick Hallie
  • 2. Genetics
    • Definition: the science of heredity
    • Genetics deals with passing of genes from one generation to the next
    • Genes are composed of DNA sequences wound onto a chromosome
  • 3. Chromosomes-Genetic Value
    • Chromosomes contain genetic material
    • Genes in chromosomes code for traits
    • www.cmsp.com/data2/im0826.html
  • 4. Structure of a Chromosome
    • (3)
  • 5. DNA on a Chromosome Cytosine = C Guanine = G Adenine = A Thymine = T
    • (4)
  • 6. Mutations
    • Genetic disorders
      • Albinism
      • Tay-Sachs disease
      • Down’s Syndrome
      • Cystic Fibrosis
      • Sickle Cell Anemia
  • 7. What are Genetic Disorders?
    • Changes in the normal genetic code
    • A disease that causes an abnormality in a person from their normal genetic code
    • A disorder that can be passed from one parent to a child
  • 8. Down’s Syndrome
    • A disorder can be detected by genetic testing
    • People with this disease exhibit physical and mental differences
    • www.bcp.org/picture/downs/maggie
  • 9. Trisomy-21 is Down’s Syndrome
    • (1)
  • 10. Ethical Consideration
    • Established to protect an individual from others, themselves, and the common good
    • Established for certain unwritten rights to be protected and recognized in society
  • 11. Social Aspect
    • Has many different viewpoints on how to use genetics
    • Is it in the best interest of society to expel the “genetically unfit?”
    • Can you put a price on health care?
  • 12.
    • Is it ethical for insurance companies to discriminate against at risk families?
    • Genetics can make society more advanced, but at what cost?
  • 13. Eugenics
    • Application and improvement of mankind by genetics
    • Hit its peak in the 1930s and 1940s
    • www.pathfinder.com/time/time100/leaders/profile/hitler.html
  • 14. Religious Aspect
    • Life is a cherished gift that should be respected in all forms
    • Is it religiously accepted to play God with your children?
    • Morality - what is right and wrong?
  • 15. Science Ethics
    • Genetics in medicine is premature
    • Extent of accurately predicting a disease is still questionable
    • Regulation of genetic technology is difficult
  • 16. Quote
    • Paul Ramsey “Men ought not to play God before they have learned to be men, and after they have learned to be men they will not play God…”
  • 17. References
    • (1) The Cognitive Enhancement Research Institution. www.win.net/ceri/. Dec 1, 1999.
    • (2) Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues (ELSI) of the Human Genome Project. www.ornl.gov/hgmis/resource/elgi.html
    • (3) Russell, P.J. (1996). G. Davies & K. Trost (Eds.), Genetics. Harper Collins College Publishers: New York, NY.
  • 18. References
    • (4)Simmons, M.J., Snustad, D.P. (1997). D. Harris & N. Parry (Eds.), Principles Of Genetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: New York.
  • 19. Professor of the Year Dr. D. Morrison