Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
155
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Ethical Issues in Genetics University of Minnesota - Duluth Authors: Russell Dylla & Erick Hallie
  • 2. Genetics
    • Definition: the science of heredity
    • Genetics deals with passing of genes from one generation to the next
    • Genes are composed of DNA sequences wound onto a chromosome
  • 3. Chromosomes-Genetic Value
    • Chromosomes contain genetic material
    • Genes in chromosomes code for traits
    • www.cmsp.com/data2/im0826.html
  • 4. Structure of a Chromosome
    • (3)
  • 5. DNA on a Chromosome Cytosine = C Guanine = G Adenine = A Thymine = T
    • (4)
  • 6. Mutations
    • Genetic disorders
      • Albinism
      • Tay-Sachs disease
      • Down’s Syndrome
      • Cystic Fibrosis
      • Sickle Cell Anemia
  • 7. What are Genetic Disorders?
    • Changes in the normal genetic code
    • A disease that causes an abnormality in a person from their normal genetic code
    • A disorder that can be passed from one parent to a child
  • 8. Down’s Syndrome
    • A disorder can be detected by genetic testing
    • People with this disease exhibit physical and mental differences
    • www.bcp.org/picture/downs/maggie
  • 9. Trisomy-21 is Down’s Syndrome
    • (1)
  • 10. Ethical Consideration
    • Established to protect an individual from others, themselves, and the common good
    • Established for certain unwritten rights to be protected and recognized in society
  • 11. Social Aspect
    • Has many different viewpoints on how to use genetics
    • Is it in the best interest of society to expel the “genetically unfit?”
    • Can you put a price on health care?
  • 12.
    • Is it ethical for insurance companies to discriminate against at risk families?
    • Genetics can make society more advanced, but at what cost?
  • 13. Eugenics
    • Application and improvement of mankind by genetics
    • Hit its peak in the 1930s and 1940s
    • www.pathfinder.com/time/time100/leaders/profile/hitler.html
  • 14. Religious Aspect
    • Life is a cherished gift that should be respected in all forms
    • Is it religiously accepted to play God with your children?
    • Morality - what is right and wrong?
  • 15. Science Ethics
    • Genetics in medicine is premature
    • Extent of accurately predicting a disease is still questionable
    • Regulation of genetic technology is difficult
  • 16. Quote
    • Paul Ramsey “Men ought not to play God before they have learned to be men, and after they have learned to be men they will not play God…”
  • 17. References
    • (1) The Cognitive Enhancement Research Institution. www.win.net/ceri/. Dec 1, 1999.
    • (2) Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues (ELSI) of the Human Genome Project. www.ornl.gov/hgmis/resource/elgi.html
    • (3) Russell, P.J. (1996). G. Davies & K. Trost (Eds.), Genetics. Harper Collins College Publishers: New York, NY.
  • 18. References
    • (4)Simmons, M.J., Snustad, D.P. (1997). D. Harris & N. Parry (Eds.), Principles Of Genetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: New York.
  • 19. Professor of the Year Dr. D. Morrison