Advpresent.ppt

263 views
231 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
263
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Advpresent.ppt

  1. 1. Ethical Issues in Genetics University of Minnesota - Duluth Authors: Russell Dylla & Erick Hallie
  2. 2. Genetics <ul><li>Definition: the science of heredity </li></ul><ul><li>Genetics deals with passing of genes from one generation to the next </li></ul><ul><li>Genes are composed of DNA sequences wound onto a chromosome </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chromosomes-Genetic Value <ul><li>Chromosomes contain genetic material </li></ul><ul><li>Genes in chromosomes code for traits </li></ul><ul><li>www.cmsp.com/data2/im0826.html </li></ul>
  4. 4. Structure of a Chromosome <ul><li>(3) </li></ul>
  5. 5. DNA on a Chromosome Cytosine = C Guanine = G Adenine = A Thymine = T <ul><li>(4) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mutations <ul><li>Genetic disorders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Albinism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tay-Sachs disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Down’s Syndrome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cystic Fibrosis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sickle Cell Anemia </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What are Genetic Disorders? <ul><li>Changes in the normal genetic code </li></ul><ul><li>A disease that causes an abnormality in a person from their normal genetic code </li></ul><ul><li>A disorder that can be passed from one parent to a child </li></ul>
  8. 8. Down’s Syndrome <ul><li>A disorder can be detected by genetic testing </li></ul><ul><li>People with this disease exhibit physical and mental differences </li></ul><ul><li>www.bcp.org/picture/downs/maggie </li></ul>
  9. 9. Trisomy-21 is Down’s Syndrome <ul><li>(1) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ethical Consideration <ul><li>Established to protect an individual from others, themselves, and the common good </li></ul><ul><li>Established for certain unwritten rights to be protected and recognized in society </li></ul>
  11. 11. Social Aspect <ul><li>Has many different viewpoints on how to use genetics </li></ul><ul><li>Is it in the best interest of society to expel the “genetically unfit?” </li></ul><ul><li>Can you put a price on health care? </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Is it ethical for insurance companies to discriminate against at risk families? </li></ul><ul><li>Genetics can make society more advanced, but at what cost? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Eugenics <ul><li>Application and improvement of mankind by genetics </li></ul><ul><li>Hit its peak in the 1930s and 1940s </li></ul><ul><li>www.pathfinder.com/time/time100/leaders/profile/hitler.html </li></ul>
  14. 14. Religious Aspect <ul><li>Life is a cherished gift that should be respected in all forms </li></ul><ul><li>Is it religiously accepted to play God with your children? </li></ul><ul><li>Morality - what is right and wrong? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Science Ethics <ul><li>Genetics in medicine is premature </li></ul><ul><li>Extent of accurately predicting a disease is still questionable </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation of genetic technology is difficult </li></ul>
  16. 16. Quote <ul><li>Paul Ramsey “Men ought not to play God before they have learned to be men, and after they have learned to be men they will not play God…” </li></ul>
  17. 17. References <ul><li>(1) The Cognitive Enhancement Research Institution. www.win.net/ceri/. Dec 1, 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues (ELSI) of the Human Genome Project. www.ornl.gov/hgmis/resource/elgi.html </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Russell, P.J. (1996). G. Davies & K. Trost (Eds.), Genetics. Harper Collins College Publishers: New York, NY. </li></ul>
  18. 18. References <ul><li>(4)Simmons, M.J., Snustad, D.P. (1997). D. Harris & N. Parry (Eds.), Principles Of Genetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: New York. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Professor of the Year Dr. D. Morrison

×