Library Research Lab                                                              Spring 2008


                          ...
Library Research Lab                                                               Spring 2008

Greenwood D, Slack R, Peut...
Library Research Lab                                                                       Spring 2008



ONLINE REFERENCE...
Library Research Lab                                                                      Spring 2008

To find article dat...
Library Research Lab                                                                        Spring 2008


                ...
Library Research Lab                                                                      Spring 2008

                   ...
Library Research Lab                                                                           Spring 2008

Center:       ...
Library Research Lab                                                                              Spring 2008

2008 Feb   ...
Library Research Lab                                                               Spring 2008



Article in an Encycloped...
Library Research Lab                                                              Spring 2008

Title of webpage [Internet]...
Library Research Lab                                                  Spring 2008




   3. Put the following Web site in ...
Library Research Lab                Spring 2008



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  1. 1. Library Research Lab Spring 2008 BIO 181 LIBRARY RESEARCH Scientists and healthcare professionals rely on scientifically valid, well-researched information sources. Scientifically valid information can be found in printed periodicals and reference books or accessed electronically from library databases and Internet sites. In this lab, you will learn how to access and utilize valid electronic and printed resources to perform library research and cite references using CSE scientific style. PHOENIX COLLEGE LIBRARY RESOURCES FOR BIOLOGY STUDENTS REFERENCE BOOKS (listed in CSE Format) (New reference books arrive periodically. If you do not find what you are looking for, please check the library catalog or ask a librarian for information not included in this list.) Becker WM, Kleinsmith LJ, Hardin J. 2006. The world of the cell. 6th ed. San Francisco (CA): Pearson/Benjamin Cummings. Includes a chapter about enzymes. (REF QH 581.2 .B43 2006) Blachford SL, editor. 2002. The Gale encyclopedia of genetic disorders. Detroit (MI): Gale Group. Each entry includes a definition and description of the disorder, genetic profile, demographics, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and management, and prognosis. (REF RB155.5 .G35 2002) Cassidy SB, Allanson AE. 2001. Management of Genetic Syndromes. New York (NY): Wiley-Liss. Provides information on incidence, diagnostic criteria, etiology and pathogenesis, diagnostic testing, and differential diagnosis. (REF RB155.5 .M36 2001) Cooper GM, Hausman RE. 2007. The cell: a molecular approach. 4th ed. Washington, D.C.: ASM Press; Sunderland (MA): Sinauer Associates. Topics include the flow of genetic information, cell structure and function, cell regulation, cell metabolism, and fundamentals of molecular biology. (REF QH581.2 .C66 2007) Devlin TM, editor. 2006. Textbook of biochemistry: with clinical correlations. 6 th ed. Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley-Liss. Presents the biochemistry of mammalian cells, relates events at the cellular level to physiological processes in the whole animal, and cites examples of human diseases derived from aberrant biochemical processes. (Ref QP514.2 .T4 2006) Gorbach SL, Bartlett JG, Blacklow NR, editors. 1998. Infectious diseases. 2nd ed. Philadelphia (PA): W.B. Saunders Company. Includes characteristics of the pathogen, epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious diseases. (REF RC111.I5128 1998) 1
  2. 2. Library Research Lab Spring 2008 Greenwood D, Slack R, Peutherer J, Barer Mike. 2007. Medical microbiology: a guide to microbial infections. 17thed. Edinburgh (Scotland):Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier. Brief entries describing various infections, including the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases. (REF QR46.M35 2007) Hurst JA, Firth HV. 2005. Oxford desk reference: clinical genetics. Oxford (UK): Oxford University Press. Covers the most common Mendelian disorders, chromosomal disorders, congenital anomalies and syndromes. (REF RB155 .F55 2005) King RC, Stansfield WD. 2002. A dictionary of genetics. 6th ed. New York (NY): Oxford University Press. (REF QH427 .K55 2002) Lerner BW, Lerner KL. 2002. World of genetics. Detroit (MI): Gale Group. (REF QH427 .W67 2002) Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, editors. 2005. Principles and practice of infectious diseases. 6th ed. Philadelphia (PA): Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone. Provides information on the etiology, epidemiology, pathology, and clinical manifestations of infectious diseases. Volume 2 missing. (REF RC111.P78 2005) National Organization for Rare Disorders. 2003. NORD guide to rare disorders. Philadelphia (PA): Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Entries include a brief description, signs and symptoms, etiology, related disorders, epidemiology, standard treatment, investigational treatment, resources, and references. (REF RC48.8 .N385 2003) Nelson DL, Cox MM, editors. 1993. Lehninger principles of biochemistry. 2nd ed. New York (NY): Worth Publishers. (QP514.2 .L425 1993). Singleton P, Sainsbury D. 2006. Dictionary of microbiology and molecular biology. 3 rd ed. West Sussex (England): John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (REF QR9 .S56 2006) Wilson WR, Sande MA, editors. 2001. Current diagnosis and treatment in infectious diseases. New York (NY): McGraw-Hill. Epidemiology, microbiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatments of infectious diseases. (REF RC112.C87 2001) 2
  3. 3. Library Research Lab Spring 2008 ONLINE REFERENCE SOURCES contains the Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, scientist biographies, and late-breaking science and technology news. From the Library’s homepage (http://www.phoenixcollege.edu/library) click on Encyclopedias & Reference > Science > AccessScience Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man. From the Library’s homepage (http://www.phoenixcollege.edu/library) click on Articles > All Databases by Subject > Health & Medicine > PubMed > Search OMIM Sample citation: McKusickv VA. c1966-2008. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man. Baltimore (MD): Johns Hopkins University; [Last update 2004 Sep 25; cited 2008 Feb 5]. WAARDENBURG SYNDROME, TYPE III; WS3. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/dispomim.cgi? id=148820 PERIODICALS - Journals for the latest scholarly research Periodical Name Database Name Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and • Academic Search Premier Molecular Biology • ProQuest Biology JAMA • In print, second floor of Library • Online at reference desk Lancet • ProQuest Biology Nature • In print, second floor of Library • ProQuest Biology Nature Genetics • Academic Search Premier • ProQuest Biology • In print, second floor of Science Library • Academic & General OneFile • Academic Search Premier • Health Source: Nursing • ProQuest Biology 3
  4. 4. Library Research Lab Spring 2008 To find article databases, from the Library’s homepage (http://www.phoenixcollege.edu/library) click on Articles > All Databases by Title WEBSITES (freely accessible) The U.S. Government’s Official Web Portal  http://www.usa.gov/ Great source for locating government agencies including  The National Center for Infectious Disease  National Center for Health Statistics  National Library of Medicine usa.gov > A–Z Agency Index Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) www.cdc.gov Use the A-Z Index Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases (CCID) http://www.cdc.gov/about/organization/ccid.htm Use the A-Z Index Sample citation: Pertusis [Internet]. 2005. Atalnta (GA): Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases (US), Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases; [cited 2008 Jan 10]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/pertussis_t.htm National Office of Public Health Genomics http://www.cdc.gov/genomics/ Genome Programs of the U.S. Department of Energy http://genomics.energy.gov/ National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Library of Medicine: Genetics Home Reference http://g hr.nlm.nih.gov/ Sample citation: Genetics Home Reference [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); [reviewed 2005 Sep; cited 2008 Feb 5]. Down syndrome. Available from: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=downsyndrome National Library of Medicine : Medline Plus http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus 4
  5. 5. Library Research Lab Spring 2008 Use or Under Health Topics search for Genes & Genes Therapy OR Genetic Disorders Sample citation for Medical Encyclopedia: Lentnek AL. c1997-2008. A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia [Internet]. Atlanta (GA): A.D.A.M., Inc.; [updated 2007 Aug 16; cited 2008 Jan 10]. Botulism. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000598.htm National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www3.niaid.nih.gov Use the tab. Sample citation: Anthrax: Causes [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (US); [updated 2007 Sep 4; cited 2008 Jan 11]. Available from: http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/healthscience/ healthtopics/anthrax/cause.htm National Center for Biotechnology Information http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ National Human Genome Research Institute http://www.genome.gov/ Use the tab and then click on Specific Genetic Disorders Sample citation: Learning about Fragile X syndrome [Internet]. National Institutes of Health (US), National Human Genome Research Institute; [last updated 2007 Oct 11; cited 2008 Feb 5]. Available from: http://www.genome.gov/19518828. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency http://www.epa.gov/ Select: Human Health http://www.epa.gov/ebtpages/humanhealth.html Sample citation: 5
  6. 6. Library Research Lab Spring 2008 Draft Report of the Environment 2003: Purer Water, Drinking Water [Internet]. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency (US); [cited 2008 Jan 11]. Available from: http://www.epa.gov/Envindicators/roe/html/roeWaterDr.htm AZ Dept. of Health and Services, Office of Infectious Disease Services http://www.azdhs.gov/phs/oids Data, Statistics, and Reports http://www.azdhs.gov/phs/oids/data_reports.htm Sample Citation: Infectious Disease Epidemiology Programs, 2006 Annual Report [Internet]. Phoenix (AZ): Arizona Department of Health Services, Division of Public Health Services, Bureau of Epidemiology and Disease Control, Office of Infectious Disease Services ; [cited 2008 Jan 14]. Available from: http://www.azdhs.gov/phs/oids/pdf/annualreportides2006.pdf Communicable Disease Information http://www.azdhs.gov/phs/oids/topics_a_g.htm A-to-Z listing of diseases. Topics often link to CDC web pages. Sample citation: Botulism – Frequently Asked Questions [Internet]. 2005. Phoenix (AZ): Arizona Department of Health Services, Division of Public Health Services, Bureau of Emergency Preparedness and Response; [last modified 2005 Jul 18; cited 2008 Jan 14]. Available from: http://www.azdhs.gov/phs/edc/edrp/es/botulismf.htm World Health Organization http://www.who.int Use Search box or browse Health Topics Sample citation: Smallpox [Internet]. c2008. Geneva (Switzerland): World Health Organization; [cited 2008 Jan 14]. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/smallpox/en/index.html The Genomic Resource Center http://www.who.int/genomics/en/ Go to information for Patients and Public Sample Citation: Genes and chromosomal diseases: Down syndrome [Internet]. c2008. Geneva (Switzerland): World Health Organization, Genomic Resource 6
  7. 7. Library Research Lab Spring 2008 Center: [cited 2008 Feb 5]. Available from: http://www.who.int/genomics/public/geneticdiseases/en/index1.html Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research: Diseases & Conditions http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/DiseasesIndex/DiseasesIndex Sample citation: Harms RW, editor. 2007. Diseases and conditions [Internet]. Scottsdale (AZ): Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; [cited 2008 Feb 5]. Hemophilia. Available from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hemophilia/DS00218#. Merck & Co., Inc. Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy http://www.merck.com/mmpe Use Search box to search by microbe or disease. Sample citation: Porter RS, editor. c2006-2007. Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy [Internet]. Whitehouse Station (NJ): Merck & Co., Inc.; [last reviewed & modified 2005 Nov; cited 2008 Jan 14]. Infectious diseases: Arboviridae, Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, and Filoviridae: Yellow fever. Available from: http://www.merck.com/mmpe For a comprehensive listing of genetics Websites, see: http://www.genednet.org/pages/k12_geneticswebs.shtml Websites on Enzymes: BRENDA http://www.brenda-enzymes.info/ Main collection of enzyme functional data. Some 4000 "different" enzymes are covered. ENZYME http://us.expasy.org/enzyme/ Repository of information relative to the nomenclature of enzymes. Sample citation Bairoch A. The ENZYME database in 2000. Geneva (Switzerland): Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. [last release 2008 Feb 6; cited 2008 Feb 6]. Enzyme entry 3.2.1.1. Available from: http://us.expasy.org/enzyme/3.2.1.1. Enzyme Nomenclature http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iubmb/enzyme/ Prepared by the Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Sample citation Moss GP. Enzyme nomenclature. London (UK): Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. [last updated 2006 Mar 13; cited 7
  8. 8. Library Research Lab Spring 2008 2008 Feb 5]. EC3.2.1. Available from: [http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iubmb/enzyme/ EC3/2/1/1.html. REBASE http://rebase.neb.com/rebase/rebase.html A collection of information about restriction enzymes and related proteins. STOP! Evaluate Websites Before Use! http://www.pc.maricopa.edu/departments/library/guides/Stop!_Evaluate_Websites_08.30.07.pdf How to Cite Sources You are required to cite sources using the Scientific Style and Format : the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers by the Style Manual Committee, Council of Science Editors. You can find a copy of this manual in the Reference section of the Library. This manual describes two systems, the 'citation-sequence' system and the 'name-year' system. Please use the ‘name-year’ system for this course. ‘Name-year” System In the 'name-year' system, in-text parenthetical citations of the author's name and year of the reference are included. Each citation corresponds to a reference in an alphabetical list of references at the end of the paper (see example below). There are special recommendations for works by multiple authors, corporate authors, etc. Each reference on the list is mentioned in an in-text parenthetical citation in the body of the paper. In the list of references, different kinds of sources are cited in different ways. Examples of Commonly Used Sources 8
  9. 9. Library Research Lab Spring 2008 Article in an Encyclopedia Single volume: Author(s) [Last name and initials of first and middle]. Year. Title of the article or entry. In: Title of reference book. Edition. Place of publication [City (State)]: Publisher Name. p. pages. Ryan KJ. 2004. Dermatophytes, Sporothrix, and other superficial and subcutaneous fungi. In: Sherris medical microbiology. 4th ed. New York (NY): McGraw-Hill. p. 649-657. Article in an Encyclopedia Multiple volumes: Author(s) [Last name and initials of first and middle]. Year. Title of the article or entry. In: Title of reference book. Edition. Place of publication [City (State)]: Publisher Name. Volume number, p. page(s). Lerner KL, Lerner BW. 2003. Microorganisms. In: World of microbiology and immunology. Detroit (MI): Gale. Vol. 2, p. 387. Article in a Journal Database: Author(s) (Last name, first and any middle initials). Year of publication. Article title. Journal Title (abbreviated) [online]. [cited date you viewed the article]; Volume number(Issue number): Page numbers. Available from: Database Name. Bowen, JL, Valiela, I. 2001. The ecological effects of urbanization of coastal watersheds. Can J Fish Aquat Sci [online]. [cited 2006 Aug 2]; 58(8):1489-1501. Available from: ProQuest Biology Journals. Reference to Entry in AccessScience (library database): Author(s) [Last name and initials of first and middle] or [Anonymous]. Year [Last modified date at the bottom of the page]. Title of the article or entry. In: Database name; [cited date you viewed the page]. Available from: URL. Sporotrichosis. 2003. In: AccessScience@McGrawHill; [cited 2007 Sep 10]. Available from: http://www.accessscience.com. Kobayashi GS. 2001. Fungal infections. In: AccessScience@McGrawHill; [cited 2007 Sep 10]. Available from: http://www.accessscience.com. Webpage with Author: Author(s) [Last name and initials of first and middle). Publication Date. Title of webpage [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; [date of the last update, if available; cited date you viewed the webpage]. Available from: URL. Schubach A, Schubach TMP. 2005 Dec. Cat-transmitted Sporotrichosis [Internet]. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; [cited 2007 Sep 10]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol11no12/04-0891.htm. Webpage without Author: 9
  10. 10. Library Research Lab Spring 2008 Title of webpage [Internet]. Publication Date. Place of publication: Publisher; [date of the last update, if available; cited date you viewed the webpage]. Available from: URL. Adenovirus [Internet]. c2004. Atlanta (GA): National Center for Infectious Diseases; [updated 2005 Jan 12; cited 2007 Sep 10]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/revb/respiratory/eadfeat.htm. NOTE: In this example, the webpage had a copyright date along with an updated date. Part of an Internet Publication, such as Merck Manual: Author(s) or Editor(s) [Last name and initials of first and middle). Publication Date. Title of publication [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; [cited date you viewed the web publication]. Section. Available from: URL. Beers MH, Berkow R. c2006. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy [Internet]. Whitehorse Station (NJ): Merck & Co., Inc.; [cited 2007 Sep 10]. Infectious diseases: fungi: Sporotrichosis. Available from: http://www.merck.com/mmpe/index.html. In-Class CSE Citation Exercise Put the following resources in the correct CSE format: 1. Put the reference to “cystic fibrosis” in the Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders in the proper CSE forma. 2. Put the following Web site in the proper CSE format: http://www.genome.gov/11007255 10
  11. 11. Library Research Lab Spring 2008 3. Put the following Web site in the proper CSE format: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001657.htm 11
  12. 12. Library Research Lab Spring 2008 Electronic Sources Author. Publication date. Title of webpage [Internet]. Place of pub City (State): Publisher; [date cited]. Available from: URL. Author. Publication date. Title of webpage [Internet]. Place of pub City (State): Publisher; [date cited]. Available from: URL. Printed Sources Author. Year. Title of article. In: Title of book. Edition. Place of pub City (State): Publisher. Volume, Pages. Author. Year. Title of article. In: Title of book. Edition. Place of pub City (State): Publisher. Volume, Pages. 12

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