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What is academic writing   ppt presentation

What is academic writing ppt presentation



Group 1 - Acadermic Writing

Group 1 - Acadermic Writing

What is academic writing - ppt presentation



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    What is academic writing   ppt presentation What is academic writing ppt presentation Presentation Transcript

    • L. Lennie Irvin What Is “Academic” Writing?
    • Miths about writing Myth #1: The “Paint by Numbers” myth Rather than being a lock-step linear process, writing is “recursive.” Myth #2: Writers only start writing when they have everything figured out Writers figure out much of what they want to write as they write it.
    • Myth #3: Perfect first drafts Nobody writes perfect first drafts; polished writing takes lots of revision. Myth #4: Some got it; I don’t — the genius fallacy When you see your writing ability as something fixed (as if it were in your genetic code), you won’t believe you can improve as a writer.
    • Myth #5: Good grammar is good writing More than just grammatical correctness, good writing is a matter of achieving your desired effect upon an intended audience. Myth #6: The Five Paragraph Essay The five paragraph essay is a format you should know, but one which you will outgrow.
    • Myth #7: Never use “I” Although some writing situations will call on you to avoid using “I” (for example, a lab report), much college writing can be done in a middle, semi-formal style where it is ok to use “I.”
    • The Academic Writing Situation
      • Freshman writers: a poor sense of the writing situation.
        • speaking X writing
      • Developing your “writer’s sense” about communicating within the writing situation – it is important to learn.
    • The Writing Situation
    • Academic writing => Literacy tasks:
      • knowledge of research skills;
      • the ability to read complex texts;
      • the understanding of key disciplinary concepts;
      • strategies for synthesizing, analyzing, and
      • responding critically to new information.
    • In college, everything is an argument Argument
      • In an essay you will need to present an argument where you make a thesis and support that with good reasons.
      • Or ganize your reasons and have strong arguments like: facts, examples, data etc.
      • The purpose is not so much to win the argument as to earn your audience’s approval of your perspective.
    • Analysis involves doing three things:
      • Engage in an open inquiry where the subject is not known at first and where you have multiple suggestions.
      • Identify meaningful parts of the subject and study it closely.
      • Examine these separate parts and determine how they relate to each other to create some larger effect or meaning.
      • Example: parts of an ad or short stories.
      • These kinds of writing present two counter claims (opposite ideas) and ask you to determine from your own analysis the more valid claim. They resemble yes-no questions.
      • Example: In your opinion, do you believe Hamlet was truly mad?
      • The major task of the writing is working out the support for your claim.
      • Be careful, because a close analysis of the subject matter can reveals some ambiguities within the question that your thesis should reflect.
    • The Semi-Open Writing Assignment
      • Discuss
      • Explain
      • Compare and contrast
      • Demonstrate
      The Open Writing Assignment
      • Analyze the character
      • Find out the meaning
      • Analyze the causes and influences
      • Compare and contrast
    • Picking and Limiting a Writing Topic
      • Look for gaps, puzzling items, things that confuse you, or connections you see. Something in this pile of rocks should stand out as a jewel: as being “do-able” and interesting.
    • Three Characteristics of Academic Writing
      • Clear evidence in writing that the writer(s) have been persistent, open-minded, and disciplined in study. (5)
      • The dominance of reason over emotions or sensual perception. (5)
      • An imagined reader who is coolly rational, reading for information, and intending to formulate a reasoned response. (7)
    • The format of academic essay
      • In the broadsense, an essay presents a point and supports it.
      The characteristcs of the critical essay
      • The point/thesis is naturally debatable. If your thesis is not open to interpretations that means you are stating the obvious. A successful thesis is usually better presented at the end of the introduction.
      • Structure is really important. An organized essay should have clear introduction, body and conclusion.
    • The characteristcs of the critical essay
      • Choose your sources and use them to convince your reader. Logical structures might help you convince your reader: present your argument (assertion) and the prove it. For each argument, try to find three different supports.
      • When moving from one argument to another, the author needs to make clear that he/she is moving on and transitions sentences are the way to succeed on it.
    • Tips
      • Revise you essay. Try to revise your essay so that you have the least number of grammatical problems as possible. Also, formatting your essay and sources according to standards such as ABNT, APA, MLA etc, is important.
      • Researching is important. Know as much as you can from the topic you chose to write.
      • Support is everything. If you state the facts/data, your reader will be easily convinced.
      • And remember, practice makes perfect. An essay takes a lot of time, a lot of thinking, hard work and practice!
    • Good luck!
    • References
      • ZEMLIANSKY, Pavel, LOWE, Charles (ed.). Writing Spaces: Readings on Writing . Indiana: Parlour Press, 2010. v.1