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Traumatic Brain Injury <br />TBI<br />By Mlee and Janelle<br />
Definition of TBI <br />Injury to the brain caused by external forces that may cause interference with normal brain functi...
Causes of tbi<br />There are many causes for TBI, the most common include:<br />Violence<br />Vehicle accidents<br />Const...
Who it affects <br />Anyone can experience a traumatic brain injury, however certain factors may increase likelihood.<br /...
characteristics<br />Affects the individuals:<br />Cognition<br />Language<br />Memory<br />Attention<br />Reasoning<br />...
Symptoms <br />Every individual experiences different symptoms, and symptoms often change throughout the first year or two...
Classroom strategies<br />Minimize visual and auditory distractions<br />Use available resources<br />Classroom layout, se...
treatment<br />Might occur inside and outside of the school<br />Individual may require medication depending on their symp...
Tbi in the classroom <br />large print books<br />Audio taped books<br />Computer programs<br />Tape lessons to review lat...
bibliography<br />Batshaw, M. L., Pellegrino, L., & Roizen, N. J. (2007). Children with Disabilities. Baltimore: Paul H. B...
Traumatic brain injury
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Traumatic brain injury

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  • The characteristics will persist even after the injury heals physically.
  • Transcript of "Traumatic brain injury"

    1. 1. Traumatic Brain Injury <br />TBI<br />By Mlee and Janelle<br />
    2. 2. Definition of TBI <br />Injury to the brain caused by external forces that may cause interference with normal brain functions.<br />
    3. 3. Causes of tbi<br />There are many causes for TBI, the most common include:<br />Violence<br />Vehicle accidents<br />Construction<br />Sports<br />Falling from heights<br />Shaken Infant syndrome<br />Bicycle accidents<br />
    4. 4. Who it affects <br />Anyone can experience a traumatic brain injury, however certain factors may increase likelihood.<br />Children with ADHD<br />Adolescents with depression<br />Children of premature birth <br />Children with a pre-existing disability<br />Children living in unstable environments<br /><ul><li>Individuals who have experienced one TBI are at greater risk to have another injury to the brain.</li></li></ul><li>Types and severity<br />Mild <br />Concussion<br />Temporary confusions<br />Disorientation<br />Dizziness<br />No or brief loss of consciousness<br />Moderate <br />May require surgery <br />May effect cognition <br />Loss of consciousness from 1 to 24 hours<br />Severe<br />Loss of consciousness for more than 24 hours<br />Bruising of the brain tissue (contusion) or bleeding of the brain (cranial hematoma)<br />Lifelong cognitive effects<br />Coma<br />
    5. 5. characteristics<br />Affects the individuals:<br />Cognition<br />Language<br />Memory<br />Attention<br />Reasoning<br />Abstract thinking<br />Judgement<br />Problem solving<br />Sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities<br />Social behaviour<br />Physical functions<br />Information processing<br />Speech<br />Frustration<br />
    6. 6. Symptoms <br />Every individual experiences different symptoms, and symptoms often change throughout the first year or two of recovery<br />Anxiety<br />Impulsiveness<br />Depression<br />Difficulty concentrating or thinking<br />Difficulty finding words , slurred or slow speech, or understanding the speech of others (aphasia) <br />Difficulty swallowing (dysphasia)<br />Dizziness, light headedness and headache<br />Incoordinationof movements<br />Loss of balance<br />Loss of memory<br />Muscle stiffness, tingling, pain, numbness, and/or spasms<br />Seizures<br />Sleep difficulties<br />Sense of spinning (vertigo)<br />
    7. 7. Classroom strategies<br />Minimize visual and auditory distractions<br />Use available resources<br />Classroom layout, seating<br />Teach using mnemonic strategies for memory<br />Assist with organization<br />Allow extra time<br />Teach social skills<br />Implement plans for behaviour <br />Help individuals understand their injury<br />Use differentiated instruction<br />Provide rest periods<br />Use visuals (visual schedule)<br />Use repitition<br />Have a buddy<br />Decrease speed and length of speech to student<br />
    8. 8. treatment<br />Might occur inside and outside of the school<br />Individual may require medication depending on their symptoms.<br />Might involve:<br />Occupational/physical therapists<br />Speech language pathologists<br />Counsellors<br />Educational assistants<br />Resource teachers<br />Physicians<br />
    9. 9. Tbi in the classroom <br />large print books<br />Audio taped books<br />Computer programs<br />Tape lessons to review later<br />Provide notes<br />Provide a scribe<br />Provide a schedule<br />Use an agenda<br />Individual Education Plan (IEP)<br />
    10. 10. bibliography<br />Batshaw, M. L., Pellegrino, L., & Roizen, N. J. (2007). Children with Disabilities. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing.<br />Smith, P. P. (2010). Teaching Students with Special Needs in Inclusive Settings. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada.<br />Tyler, J. S., & Mira, M. P. (1999). Traumatic Brain Injury in Children and Adolescents. Austin: Pro-Ed.<br />
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