Traumatic brain injury
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Traumatic brain injury

on

  • 413 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
413
Views on SlideShare
413
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • The characteristics will persist even after the injury heals physically.

Traumatic brain injury Traumatic brain injury Presentation Transcript

  • Traumatic Brain Injury
    TBI
    By Mlee and Janelle
  • Definition of TBI
    Injury to the brain caused by external forces that may cause interference with normal brain functions.
  • Causes of tbi
    There are many causes for TBI, the most common include:
    Violence
    Vehicle accidents
    Construction
    Sports
    Falling from heights
    Shaken Infant syndrome
    Bicycle accidents
  • Who it affects
    Anyone can experience a traumatic brain injury, however certain factors may increase likelihood.
    Children with ADHD
    Adolescents with depression
    Children of premature birth
    Children with a pre-existing disability
    Children living in unstable environments
    • Individuals who have experienced one TBI are at greater risk to have another injury to the brain.
  • Types and severity
    Mild
    Concussion
    Temporary confusions
    Disorientation
    Dizziness
    No or brief loss of consciousness
    Moderate
    May require surgery
    May effect cognition
    Loss of consciousness from 1 to 24 hours
    Severe
    Loss of consciousness for more than 24 hours
    Bruising of the brain tissue (contusion) or bleeding of the brain (cranial hematoma)
    Lifelong cognitive effects
    Coma
  • characteristics
    Affects the individuals:
    Cognition
    Language
    Memory
    Attention
    Reasoning
    Abstract thinking
    Judgement
    Problem solving
    Sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities
    Social behaviour
    Physical functions
    Information processing
    Speech
    Frustration
  • Symptoms
    Every individual experiences different symptoms, and symptoms often change throughout the first year or two of recovery
    Anxiety
    Impulsiveness
    Depression
    Difficulty concentrating or thinking
    Difficulty finding words , slurred or slow speech, or understanding the speech of others (aphasia)
    Difficulty swallowing (dysphasia)
    Dizziness, light headedness and headache
    Incoordinationof movements
    Loss of balance
    Loss of memory
    Muscle stiffness, tingling, pain, numbness, and/or spasms
    Seizures
    Sleep difficulties
    Sense of spinning (vertigo)
  • Classroom strategies
    Minimize visual and auditory distractions
    Use available resources
    Classroom layout, seating
    Teach using mnemonic strategies for memory
    Assist with organization
    Allow extra time
    Teach social skills
    Implement plans for behaviour
    Help individuals understand their injury
    Use differentiated instruction
    Provide rest periods
    Use visuals (visual schedule)
    Use repitition
    Have a buddy
    Decrease speed and length of speech to student
  • treatment
    Might occur inside and outside of the school
    Individual may require medication depending on their symptoms.
    Might involve:
    Occupational/physical therapists
    Speech language pathologists
    Counsellors
    Educational assistants
    Resource teachers
    Physicians
  • Tbi in the classroom
    large print books
    Audio taped books
    Computer programs
    Tape lessons to review later
    Provide notes
    Provide a scribe
    Provide a schedule
    Use an agenda
    Individual Education Plan (IEP)
  • bibliography
    Batshaw, M. L., Pellegrino, L., & Roizen, N. J. (2007). Children with Disabilities. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing.
    Smith, P. P. (2010). Teaching Students with Special Needs in Inclusive Settings. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada.
    Tyler, J. S., & Mira, M. P. (1999). Traumatic Brain Injury in Children and Adolescents. Austin: Pro-Ed.