T, R, 12-1:20PM
Professor Paige Prater


Feudalism



3 Classes: king/nobles, churchmen, peasants
Manor: self-sufficient agricultural estate
 inheritance, sh...




1056-1106 – Henry IV rules Germany + Holy
Roman Empire
1066 – William of Normandy invades England










...


1049-1109 – Hugh de Semur, Abbot of Cluny




1058-1086 – Desiderius (Benedictine), Abbot of
Monte Casino






10...


King of France: Ile-de-France


Duke of Normandy, heir of Vikings (north)
 1066 – Duke William II of Normandy invaded...


Animated!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LtGoBZ4D4_E&feature=iv&
src_vid=b%20DaB-NNyM8o&annotation_id=annotation_55956...


Holy Roman Empire vs. Pope Gregory VII


Only the pope could appoint bishops/abbots!
 Civil wars between German famil...


Hat, satchel, walking stick



Santiago de Compostela




Shell as passport

http://www.paradoxplace.com/Photo%20Pag...


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_4mRnoZuiZU


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cRrzFQG
XUIc


Iberian peninsula: Muslim in south vs
Christian in North


1085 – Alfonso VI of Castile and Leon had conquered
Toledo,...


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X0zudTQelzI (up to 6:23)









Portal
Tympanum
Trumeau
Jamb
Historiated Capitals
Archivolts: curved
moldings of wedgeshaped stone voussoir






Added apses
Wide projecting transepts; aisled
Variety of ambulatories
Fireproof stone masonry (vs. wooden roofs...




Silver gilt over a
wood core
33” high



imperial Rome
campanile = free-standing bell-tower


Master Bonanno, 1174

Master-builder: Busketos
 Cathedral: lon...





Baldachin – altar cover
Monastic church- not accommodating pilgrims
Open, partially underground crypt
Nave and ai...



Barrel vaults
no clerestory
windows or galleries





1030-1060 – Ottonion wooden-roofed church
1080-1106 – masonry vault over 100’ high
Heavy compound piers and small...



Military outpost on Scottish border
Vault experimentation





Durham Cathedral – Norman church begun 1087;
vaults...






Normandy, France
Dedicated by William the Conqueror
Stringcourses: unbroken horizontal moldings at
each window l...






Roman lighthouse tower
Earthworks: rebuilt Angloo-Saxon church
12th century: Norman Great Tower,
surrounding ear...



3’ high, approximately
Sculptor Wiligelmus




Some of the earliest NARRATIVE sculpture in Italy
Used to be painte...


1125


Hildegard and
Volmar, Liber
Scivias, 1165-1175
(facsimile
frontispiece)




Church of San
Climent, Taull,
Catalunya, Spain,
1123
Byzantine,
Mozarabic, and
classical


Mary as the “Throne of
Wisdom”
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
Romanesque: Style and Period
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Romanesque: Style and Period

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Covers major historical events, figures, and church architecture, circa the 1100's.

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Romanesque: Style and Period

  1. 1. T, R, 12-1:20PM Professor Paige Prater
  2. 2.  Feudalism   3 Classes: king/nobles, churchmen, peasants Manor: self-sufficient agricultural estate  inheritance, shifting obligations/allegiances
  3. 3.   1056-1106 – Henry IV rules Germany + Holy Roman Empire 1066 – William of Normandy invades England         BAYEUX TAPESTRY 1075 – Investiture Controversy 1095-1099 – First Crusade 1098 – Cistercian Order founded 1137-1152 – Eleonor of Aquitaine Queen of France with Luis VII 1141-1151 – Hildegard of Bingen writes Scivias 1147-1149 – Second Crusade 1154-1189 – Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen of England with Henry II
  4. 4.  1049-1109 – Hugh de Semur, Abbot of Cluny   1058-1086 – Desiderius (Benedictine), Abbot of Monte Casino    1088 – Great Church of Cluny begun 1086-1087 – elected as Pope Victor III 1088-1089 – Pope Urban II (Cluniac) preached First Crusade 1115-1153 – Saint Bernard (Cistercian), Abbot of Clairvaux Abbey; writer, preacher, called for Second Crusade
  5. 5.  King of France: Ile-de-France  Duke of Normandy, heir of Vikings (north)  1066 – Duke William II of Normandy invaded England: “William the Conqueror” replaced Saxon rule  Normans: CLOSE ties to the CHURCH   Duke of Burgundy (east) TOKEN HOMAGE to king of France
  6. 6.  Animated! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LtGoBZ4D4_E&feature=iv& src_vid=b%20DaB-NNyM8o&annotation_id=annotation_559561
  7. 7.  Holy Roman Empire vs. Pope Gregory VII  Only the pope could appoint bishops/abbots!  Civil wars between German families who took sides  Welfs of Saxony (“Guelfs” in Italy) vs. Hohenstaufens of Swabia (“Ghibellines” in Italy)
  8. 8.  Hat, satchel, walking stick  Santiago de Compostela   Shell as passport http://www.paradoxplace.com/Photo%20Pages/Spain/Camino_de_Santiago/Ca mino.htm
  9. 9.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_4mRnoZuiZU
  10. 10.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cRrzFQG XUIc
  11. 11.  Iberian peninsula: Muslim in south vs Christian in North  1085 – Alfonso VI of Castile and Leon had conquered Toledo, Muslim controversy
  12. 12.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X0zudTQelzI (up to 6:23)
  13. 13.       Portal Tympanum Trumeau Jamb Historiated Capitals Archivolts: curved moldings of wedgeshaped stone voussoir
  14. 14.      Added apses Wide projecting transepts; aisled Variety of ambulatories Fireproof stone masonry (vs. wooden roofs) Two-towered west façade
  15. 15.   Silver gilt over a wood core 33” high
  16. 16.   imperial Rome campanile = free-standing bell-tower  Master Bonanno, 1174 Master-builder: Busketos  Cathedral: long nave with double side-aisles (5 aisles=homage to Rome)  Tuscan churches: decorated with marble on exterior 
  17. 17.     Baldachin – altar cover Monastic church- not accommodating pilgrims Open, partially underground crypt Nave and aisles end in apses; 12th century liturgy
  18. 18.   Barrel vaults no clerestory windows or galleries
  19. 19.     1030-1060 – Ottonion wooden-roofed church 1080-1106 – masonry vault over 100’ high Heavy compound piers and small piers Groin vaults: weight on bay corners – side-wall windows
  20. 20.   Military outpost on Scottish border Vault experimentation    Durham Cathedral – Norman church begun 1087; vaults – 1087 Count-bishop: secular AND religious authority River Wear’s oxbow = natural moat
  21. 21.     Normandy, France Dedicated by William the Conqueror Stringcourses: unbroken horizontal moldings at each window level 1096-1100 – façade (13th century spires)
  22. 22.     Roman lighthouse tower Earthworks: rebuilt Angloo-Saxon church 12th century: Norman Great Tower, surrounding earthworks and wall 13th century: outer walls
  23. 23.   3’ high, approximately Sculptor Wiligelmus    Some of the earliest NARRATIVE sculpture in Italy Used to be painted brightly Inscription: “Among sculptors, your work shines forth, Wiligelmus”
  24. 24.  1125
  25. 25.  Hildegard and Volmar, Liber Scivias, 1165-1175 (facsimile frontispiece)
  26. 26.   Church of San Climent, Taull, Catalunya, Spain, 1123 Byzantine, Mozarabic, and classical
  27. 27.  Mary as the “Throne of Wisdom”
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