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Introduction to Islamic Art: Art History Survey I
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Introduction to Islamic Art: Art History Survey I

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A fly-over survey of Islamic art and architecture, prior to the Reconquista.

A fly-over survey of Islamic art and architecture, prior to the Reconquista.

Published in: Education, Spiritual

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  • 1. Humay and Humayun in a Garden (1430). From a lost Khamseh by Khwaju Kirmani. Art History: Islamic Art T, R, 12-1:20PM Professor Paige Prater
  • 2. Prince Carried By an Angel (1380-1390). Lost manuscript from Baghdad.
  • 3. The Five Pillars of Islam  First Pillar: (shahadah) There is only one God and Muhammad is his prophet.  Second Pillar: (salat) Prayer 5x daily, facing Mecca (east)  Third Pillar: (zakah) voluntary giving of alms (1/40th of one’s assets)  Fourth Pillar: (sawm) month of Ramadan, dawn-to-dusk fast  Fifth Pillar: (hajj) pilgrimage to Mecca (if physically/financially able to do so)  Simple garments  Circumambulating the Kaaba  Kissing the Black stone  Sacrifice (usually a sheep) in memory of Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son at God’s command
  • 4. Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 691-692 CE
  • 5. Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 691-692 CE  First great monument of Islamic art  Third most holy site in Islam  Muhammad’s “Night Journey”  Shrine over rock completed by Umayyads in 691-692  Byzantine trained Syrian artisans  Oldest surviving written Qur’anic verses on interior frieze  Arcades and ambulatories (aisles) in concentric circles
  • 6. Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 691-692 CE  Interior & cutaway drawing
  • 7. Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 691-692 CE
  • 8. ARCHES
  • 9. MSHATTA Palace in Amman, Jordan, 743-744 (probably)  16’ high frieze across façade’s base  High-relief rosettes
  • 10. MSHATTA Palace in Amman, Jordan, 743-744 (probably)  Palatial hunting lodge by Umayyad caliphs  Entertain/impress local chieftains  East and West sides unfinished  472 foot long sides  Towers/bastions on outer walls/gates  Large central court and mosque  Domed audience hall/private apartments
  • 11. MOSQUE PLANS  Hypostyle (shown)  Four-iwan  Centrally-planned
  • 12. Four-iwan Mosque plan
  • 13. Centrally-planned mosque
  • 14. The Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia, 836-875 CE
  • 15. The Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia, 836-875 CE  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4l3NT1L_SqQ  Early form of mosque + new additions:  Hypostyle mosque  Repeated bays and aisles  Minaret –huge tower for calls to prayer  Qibla wall (closest to Mecca)  Central mihrab niche (holy space)  Maqsura (ruler’s enclosure in front of the mihrab)  Minbar (pulpit)
  • 16. The Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia, 836-875 CE interior
  • 17. The Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain
  • 18. The Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain, 965.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ULptVmaMjYw  Rick Steves on Cordoba: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7YvNMDy_h3g  Visigothic Christian church site>Umayyad began to build in 785>3x expanded later (620x460’ today; 1/3 is the courtyard)
  • 19. The Great Mosque at Cordoba – horseshoe arches
  • 20. The Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain - mihrab
  • 21. The Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain
  • 22. Muqarnas Dome, Hall of the Abencerrajes, Palace of the Lions, Alhambra, Granada, Spain, 1354-1391 CE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iEse JViidy8
  • 23. Bowl with Kufic Border, 9-10th Century, Samarkand, Uzbekistan.  Earthenware with slip, pigment, and lead glaze; 14 ½” diameter  Mimics Chinese Porcelain; Samarkand connected to Silk Road  “Knowledge: the beginning of it is bitter to taste, but the end is sweeter than honey”
  • 24. Textile with Elephants and Camels or Shroud of Saint Josse, Khurasan or Central Asia, before 961  Dyed silk, fragment  “Glory and happiness to the Commander Abu Mansur Kukhtakin. May God prolong his prosperity.”
  • 25. Page from the Qur’an (Surah II: 286 and title Surah III) in Kufic script, Syria, 9th Century.  Black ink pigments, and gold on vellum  8 1/8” x 11 1/8” .
  • 26. Courtyard, Masjid-I Jami, Isfahan, Iran 11-18th century (14th century iwan vault, 17th century minarets)
  • 27. Tile Mosaic Mihrab Madrasa Imami, Isfahan, Ir an, founded 1354.  Outer inscription Surah 9: duties/Five Pillars  Framing the pointed arch: sayings of the Prophet  Central panel in Kufic and cursive: “The mosque is the house of every pious person.”
  • 28. Mamluk Glass Oil Lamp, Syria or Egypt, c. 1355  Glass, polychrome enamel, and gold, 12”  Inscription on flared neck Surah 24:35 “God is the light of the heavens and the earth His light is as a niche wherein is a lamp, the lamp in a glass, the glass as a glittering star.”
  • 29. Carpet-making  Flat weave vs. pile/knotted  Warp: vertical strands; dyed, covers weft.  Weft: horizontal/cross-wise strands; usually undyed Kilim weaving pattern Symmetrical (Iran) and Asymmetrical knot (Turkey)
  • 30. Medallion Rug, Variant Star Ushak Style  16th Century, wool  10’3”x7’6 ¼”
  • 31. Mosque of Sultan Selim, Edirne, Turkey. 1568-1575  Ottoman Empire  Architect Sinan (1489-1588)  102’ dome (larger than Hagia Sophia!)

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