Greek Art, Part 2, Art History Survey, Stokstad, 3rd ed

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From High Classical to Hellenistic: Highlights from the canon of Greek Art History. Continuing through Etruscan artwork.

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Greek Art, Part 2, Art History Survey, Stokstad, 3rd ed

  1. 1. T, R, 12-1:20PM Professor Paige Prater
  2. 2.  Place
  3. 3.   900-600BCE The Geometric and The Orientalizing  600-480BCE Archaic  480-323BCE Classical  450-400BCE High Classical  400-323BCE Late Classical  323-31/30BCE Hellenistic Time Periods
  4. 4.   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=88gXWW3qN7o  Classical Period (160 YEARS):  480BCE – Defeat of the Persians by the Athenians (Marathon)  323BCE – Death of Alexander the Great  HUMANISM, RATIONALISM, IDEALISM  ―MAN IS THE MEASURE OF ALL THINGS‖  ―KNOW THYSELF‖  ―NOTHING IN EXCESS‖ Reason vs. Emotion!  Polykleitos, The Canon (450 BCE) Early Classical 480-450BCE
  5. 5.  Review of Architectural Terms
  6. 6.   Domination of Sparta (Peloponnesus/mainland Greece) and Athens (Aegean/maritime empire)  462-429BCE – Pericles: haughty/patron of the arts in Athens  Rebuild the Acropolis : 22,000 TONS of marble from 10mi away, (completed end of 5th century, BCE) High Classical
  7. 7.   http://dma.ticketleap.com/late-nights--the-body- beautiful-in-ancient-greece/ Late Night at DMA TOMORROW! $5 for special exhibit: Body Beautiful 6PM-11:59PM
  8. 8.   Is it ever justifiable to take artwork out of it’s original context? If so, under what circumstances? Why or why not? (Give three reasons.)  Class debate on the Elgin Marbles  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uKZ_ilKcsEM The Elgin Marbles: ―Elginism‖
  9. 9.  Leo Caillard ―Hipster in Stone‖ series (Photoshop)
  10. 10.  http://www.leocaillard.com/
  11. 11.   Spartans defeat Athens in 404 BCE/ rebellion in a year  387 BCE – Plato founds a school outside Athens  338 BCE – Phillip II of Macedonia defeated Athens; two years later, his 20 year old son assumed the throne after his father’s assassination: Alexander the Great (studied under Aristotle.)  Tholos (circular) and monumental tombs  Orthogonal/grid plans for cities (i.e. in Miletos) Late Classical
  12. 12.  Hermes & the Infant Dionysos by Praxiteles (copy of 4th century original)  Smaller head  Sensual body  S curve  Contrasting textures  Relationship between gods (Hermes/Dionysos)  Sense of emotion
  13. 13.   Praxiteles  First nude woman sculpture  Preparing for bath  Gesture of modesty  Hint of athletic strength  Bend of knee inward  At least 50 copies exist today  Read description in book* Aphrodite of Knidos (c. 350 BCE)
  14. 14.  The Scraper, Lysippos (350-325BCE)  Lysippos: self-taught/”nature”  Nude athlete after his workout  Young man removing dirt/oil from  body with scraping tool (strigil)  Legs in wider stance  Dreamy look, tousled hair  Weight evenly distributed  Breaks out into negative space  Longer body
  15. 15.  Alexander the Great Confronts Darius III at the Battle of Issos, 310BCE, floor mosaic, Pompeii
  16. 16.   323 BCE – Alexander the Great dies; NO replacement  3 Generals, new kingdoms: Antigonus (Macedonia/Mainland Greece), Ptolemy(Egypt), and Seleucas (Asia Minor)—eventually subsumed into ROMAN Empire…  Alexandria, Egypt – Hellenistic cultural center  Lighthouse (7 Wonders of the Ancient World)  Library (700,000 papyrus and parchment scrolls!)  30BCE – Death of Cleopatra = end of Hellenistic period Hellenistic (323-30BCE)
  17. 17.   520-510BCE Doric (foundation); 175BCE begun; 132CE finished  CORINTHIAN CAPITALS! Temple of Zeus, Athens
  18. 18.  Theater at Epidauros • Semicircle • Elevated Hill • Festival, Dionysos • Tragedies • Orchestra • Altar to Dionysos • 12,000 spectators; 55 rows of seats • Two tiered structure: Skene, Proscenium http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=lQOPFxuiaWQ
  19. 19.  Dying Gallic Trumpeter (220BCE)
  20. 20.  Dying Warrior (500-490 BCE) Sculpture from left corner of east pediment of Temple of Aphaia, Aegina.
  21. 21.  Pergamon Altar(175-150BCE) Ionic colonnade Monumental staircase 68 x 30 7 ft high sculptural frieze Gods & Giants battle Forms extend onto steps into viewer’s space
  22. 22.   Discovered in 1863 by French explorer Nike (Victory) of Samothrace (c. 180?BCE) Pergamon in Seleucid kingdom
  23. 23.   Roman copy? 8’  Priest Laocoon warns Trojans  Greek gods send sea serpents Laocoon and His Sons (1st century CE)
  24. 24.  I was excited! (June 2013)
  25. 25.  Old Woman (1st Century CE)  Ordinary individual  Woman on way to agora  Theory: follower of Dionysos  Emphasis on rendering of textures
  26. 26.  Aphrodite of Melos(a.k.aVenus de Milo) (150-100BCE) vs
  27. 27.   She- Wolf, 500BCE (Etruscan);  15-16th century, twins added  33 ½‖ Etruscan Art
  28. 28.   6-7th centuriesBCE  North & central Italy  Fertile soil  Abundance of ore  Loose federation of a dozen cities  Post & lintel  Grid city (on compass)/business district  House with atrium Etruscans
  29. 29.  Porta Augusta (2-3rd Century BCE) Perugia, Italy
  30. 30.  Model of Etruscan Temple (Vitruvius described)
  31. 31.   Used more by Etruscans and Romans Arch, Vault, & Dome
  32. 32.  Apollo, Temple of Minerva (510-500BCE)
  33. 33.  Sarcophagus from Cerveteri (520BCE)
  34. 34.  Burial Chamber, Tomb of the Reliefs (3rd C BCE)

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