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Art Appreciation Principles & Elements of Art: Focal Point, Contrast, Emphasis, & Pattern
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Art Appreciation Principles & Elements of Art: Focal Point, Contrast, Emphasis, & Pattern

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An introduction to the principles of art, especially focal point, contrast, emphasis, and pattern. Based on "Gateways to Art" (2012) by DeWitte, Larman, and Shields.

An introduction to the principles of art, especially focal point, contrast, emphasis, and pattern. Based on "Gateways to Art" (2012) by DeWitte, Larman, and Shields.

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  • 1. Art Appreciation Professor Paige Prater T, R, 9:30-10:50AM A850
  • 2. 10 ELEMENTS of Art: 1. Color 2. Form 3. Line 4. Mass 5. Shape 6. Space 7. Texture 8. Time/Motion 9. Value 10. Volume
  • 3. 10 PRINCIPLES of Art: 1. Unity 2. Variety 3. Balance 4. Emphasis 5. Focal Point 6. Pattern 7. Proportion 8. Rhythm 9. Scale 10. Contrast
  • 4. Emphasis • Drawing attention to particular content – VS SUBORDINATION (drawing attention away from particular content)
  • 5. Emphasis Double-chambered vessel with mouse, Recuay, Peru, 4th–8th century. Ceramic, 6” high. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  • 6. Emphasis Jules Olitski, Tin Lizzie Green, 1964. Acrylic and oil/wax crayon on canvas, 10’10” x 6’10”. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 7. NO Emphasis Mark Tobey, Blue Interior, 1959. Tempera on card, 44 x 28”
  • 8. Focal Point • The particular part of emphasis to which the artist draws our eye
  • 9. Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, c. 1555–8. Oil on canvas, mounted on wood, 29 x 44⅛”. Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium
  • 10. EMPHASIS & FOCAL POINT • Directional Line • Contrasting Values Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith Decapitating Holofernes, c. 1620. Oil on canvas, 6’6⅜” x 5’3¾“. Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy
  • 11. EMPHASIS & FOCAL POINT  water is the focal point conceptually as well as visually The Emperor Babur Overseeing his Gardeners, India, Mughal period, c. 1590. Tempera and gouache on paper, 8¾ x 5⅝”. Victoria and Albert
  • 12. • • • • 3 separate focal points Position Shape Rhythm Ando Hiroshige, “Riverside Bamboo Market, Kyobashi,” from One Hundred Famous Views of Edo, 1857. 15 x 10⅜”. James A. Michener Collection, Honolulu Academy of Arts, Hawaii
  • 13. Contrast • Very different elements right next to each other
  • 14. CONTRAST Francisco de Zurbarán, The Funeral of St. Bonaventure, 1629. Oil on canvas, 8' 2” x 7' 4”. Musée du Louvre, Paris, France
  • 15. Rehash…  ALL the elements and principles of art can serve to create EMPHASIS  Both actual and implied lines shape our examination of a work of art by directing the movement of our gaze  Contrasts between different values, colors, or textures can sometimes be so dramatic and distinct that we cannot help but feel drawn to that area of a work
  • 16. PATTERN • Recurrence of an element – Motif – repeated design as a unit within a pattern • Repetition creates UNITY comes from repetition!
  • 17. RHYTHM/PATTERN
  • 18. Suzanne Valadon, The Blue Room, 1923. Oil on canvas,  × 45⅝”. Musée 35½ National d’Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
  • 19. Great Mosque of Córdoba, prayer hall of Abd alRahman I, 784–6
  • 20. Motif Huqqa base, India, Deccan, last quarter of 17th century. Bidri ware (zinc alloy inlaid with brass), 6⅞ x 6½ in. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  • 21. Chuck Close, Self Portrait, 1997. Oil on canvas, 8’6” × 7’. MOMA, New York
  • 22. Motif vs. RANDOMNESS • Dada movement • “chance” • Random arrangement • Hans Arp, Trousse d’un Da,1920–21. Assemblage of driftwood nailed onto wood with painting remains, 15 x 10½ x 1¾”.  Musée National d’Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France