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Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
Art Appreciation: Middle Ages
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Art Appreciation: Middle Ages

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An introduction to art in the medieval period, from the fall of the Roman Empire, through Byzantine, Romanesque, and Gothic. Includes architecture, religion, illuminated manuscripts, and more!

An introduction to art in the medieval period, from the fall of the Roman Empire, through Byzantine, Romanesque, and Gothic. Includes architecture, religion, illuminated manuscripts, and more!

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  • 1. Art in the Middle Ages Art Appreciation 1301.51005 T, R, 9:30-10:50AM Professor Paige Prater
  • 2. Introduction • Middle Ages/Medieval/ “Dark Ages” • Approximately 1,000 year period: 5th century end of the Roman Empire to Renaissance (1500) • “Barbarians” • Church power/architecture – Romanesque (11th century) – Gothic (1150-1500)
  • 3. Three Major Religions
  • 4. Jewish Art: Dura Europos (Roman Empire border-town in Syria), 244-245 CE
  • 5. Detail of synagogue at Dura-Europos: Exodus and Crossing of the Red Sea
  • 6. Rome: Catacombs of Saints Peter and Marcellinus, 3rd-early 4th century Typology: Christ and Jonah stories
  • 7. 5th Century: Rome  Roman army abandons Britain (Hadrian’s Wall) ◦ Germanic allies of Rome ◦ 410 Rome sacked by Visigoths ◦ Galla Placidia ◦ 455 Rome sacked by Vandals ◦ 476 Ostrogoths deposed the last Roman Emperor  Ravenna – capital until Byzantine defeat in 540 CE
  • 8. Mapping “Barbarians”
  • 9. Byzantine: Mausoleum of Galla Placidia 425-426 CE– Good Shepherd Mosaic Lunette and tesserae 395 – Emperor Theodosius I split Roman Empire between his sons
  • 10. Rome to Constantinople: Byzantine Empire
  • 11. Byzantine Art/Culture • Early Byzantine (5th century – 726 CE) – End of Western Roman Empire – 476CE – Iconoclastic Controversy 726-843CE • Middle Byzantine (843-1204 CE) – Catholic vs. Orthodox 1054 CE – Crusades begin 1095 CE • Late Byzantine (1261-1453CE) – Fall of Constantinople to Turks 1453 CE
  • 12. Constantinople: Emperor Justinian I • Hagia Sophia, 532-537 CE
  • 13. Icons • Emperor Justinian I (483-565) • Constantinople • More than 2,000 icons • Meditation and prayer 6th century icon of Christ, St. Catherine Monastery, Mount Sinai, Egypt
  • 14. San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy • 526 CE Bishop Ecclesius commissions this church • Not finished until Justinian I takes over Ravenna in 540 CE • Justinian and Theodora may never have visited.
  • 15. San Vitale, Ravenna – MOSAICS – Christ Enthroned, 547 CE
  • 16. San Vitale, Ravenna: Emperor Justinian I (north wall of apse)
  • 17. San Vitale, Ravenna: Empress Theodora (south wall of apse)
  • 18. San Vitale, Ravenna, View facing apse
  • 19. Central Plan vs. Basilica
  • 20. Central Plan vs. Basilica
  • 21. Illuminated Manuscripts in the Middle Ages • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1aDHJu9J10o • Koran • Lindisfarne gospels • Book of Kells
  • 22. Page from the Koran, late 12th century • vellum • Kufic script on headings • Maghribi script on the rest of the text • Right to left • Arabesque quality
  • 23. Lindisfarne Gospels, Cross-carpet page introducing the Gospel of Matthew • Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John • lines>tiny animal heads • contemplation
  • 24. Detail of carpet page
  • 25. Book of Kells, Chi Rho Iota page, late 8th or early 9th century • Cats and mice • Chi rho symbol
  • 26. Celts & Anglo-Saxons: Sutton Hoo • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dWxcQZBM3eQ • Purse cover, Suffolk, England, first half of 7th century
  • 27. Later Islamic Manuscript Page, 1539- 1543 • The Ascent of the Prophet Muhammad on his Steed, Buraq, Guided by Jibra’il and Escorted by Angels • Miniature painting from Nizami’s Khamsa (five poems)
  • 28. Pilgrimage in the Middle Ages • Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 688-691 CE
  • 29. Mosques • Mihrab = special prayer niche • Mihrab from the Madrasa Imami, Isfahan, Iran, c. 1354. Mosaic of polychrome-glazed cut tiles on stonepaste body, set into plaster, 11’ 3” x 9’ 5 ¾” . Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. • https://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=hXNFjOhrihI &index=2&list=PL3DA7CE 9E3C8EC115
  • 30. Kaaba, Mecca • Surrounded by large mosque • Allegedly built by Abraham for God • Muhammad born in Mecca around 570 CE
  • 31. Reliquaries • Reliquary of Head of St. Alexander, 1145 • Silver repousse, gilt bronze, gems, pearls, and enamel • 7 ½” high • Vézelay video: pilgrimage, crusades: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=Dnx m4UQPDTo&list=PLE EA1BAEC5B2F7654& index=43
  • 32. Symbolism St. Trophime, west portal with tympanum, 12th century, Arles, France
  • 33. Romanesque: St. Sernin, 1070-1120, Toulouse, France
  • 34. Gothic: Chartres Cathedral, 1260
  • 35. Transitioning to the Renaissance: • Cimabue, Virgin and Child Enthroned, c. 1280 (L). Tempera and gold on wood, 12’ 7 ½” x 7’ 4” Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy • Giotto, Virgin and Child Enthroned, c. 1310 (R). Tempera on wood, 10’ 7” x 6’ 9”. Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P9s3YA-glNk&index=18&list=PLEEA1BAEC5B2F7654

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