Art appreciation historyof film
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    Art appreciation historyof film Art appreciation historyof film Presentation Transcript

    • ART APPRECIATION: FILM T, R, 9:30-10:50AM Professor Paige Prater
    • 1. Name one of the forms of earliest photography, either printed on silver- plate (French) or with light-sensitive solution on paper (English) 2. Name 2 principles and 2 elements of art at play in this photograph: QUICK QUIZ:
    • • Zoetrope – Illusion of movement • Persistence of vision (theory) – Flip-book • Modern movie: 24 frames per second • IMAX: 48 frames per second MOVING IMAGES BEFORE FILM
    • • Flexible, culluloid, light-sensitive (splice- able, high production costs) vs. • equipment/software (cheaper, long- term) FILM VS. DIGITAL
    • • Galloping horse wager – All 4 legs off ground at once? EADWEARD MUYBRIDGE
    • • No soundtrack • Nickelodeons: small storefront movie theatres/ live piano & drums, sometimes lecturers • 1896: movies shown all over Europe & U.S. SILENT FILM/BLACK & WHITE
    • • 1861-1938 – magician, filmmaker, theatrical magic show • Multiple settings, repeated scenes, cuts (time moving forward) • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7JD aOOw0MEE EDWARD MÉLIÈS’ TRIP TO THE MOON (1902)
    • • Hollywood’s first blockbuster • Epic story • Original editing styles – Symbolism – Gesture – Intertitles • Reinforcement of racist views? • Propaganda tool • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a9U POkIpR0A D.W. GRIFFITH’S BIRTH OF A NATION (1915)
    • • Wrote/directed/starred in it • Box-office failure; critics loved it • Loosely based on newspaper tycoon William Randolph Hearst; questions values of American Dream • Fabricated newspaper reels • Flashbacks • Dramatic lighting, natural sound • Elaborate sets • Moving camera shots/ innovative editing/deep focus/low camera angles • Trailer: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zyv19b g0scg ORSON WELLES CITIZEN KANE (1941)
    • • The Wizard of Oz (1939) – black-white to color • Singin’ in the Rain (1952) – integrated sound • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w4 0ushYAaYA – synchronizing sound with lip movements/dubbing – Songs/sounds recorded separately; no longer “live” SOUND & COLOR –1920S
    • • Wladyslaw Starewicz (1882-1965) The Cameraman’s Revenge (1912) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vIC0Sb 6pLvI • Walt Disney “Snow White” (1938) • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N7Z kWfD0ELE • CEL- DRAWING • Spirited Away (2001) – 12-30 drawings for every second! – 125 min: 90,000-200,000 drawings! • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6az 9wGfeSgM ANIMATION & SPECIAL EFFECTS
    • • Blockbuster: $194 million • Tunisia, Guatemala, Death Valley, CA – footage on location • Super-realist paintings • Detailed models • Computer-generated/digitally-timed effects GEORGE LUCAS STAR WARS (1977)
    • • Musicals • Sci-fi • Romantic • Westerns • Horror – German Expressionism: The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920) – directed by Robert Wiene (1873- 1938) - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =Y0A0sfxM6AE • Documentary FILM GENRES
    • • Meshes of the Afternoon (1943) – Maya Deren (1917-1961) and husbund, cinematographer Alexander Hammid • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4S0 3Aw5HULU • Flat is Beautiful (1998) –Sadie Benning – Toy camera, Super 8 film, collages FILM AS ART
    • • Global Groove (1973) - Nam June Paik – Paik-Abe Synthesizer: device to modulate video signals – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =InLcRXfd3NI • The Raft (2004), Bill Viola • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=faA KOxACgAw VIDEO ARTWORKS