Art Appreciation: Drawing & Painting UPDATED

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An introduction to the artistic mediums of drawing and painting based on the textbook "Gateways to Art"(2012). Includes a critical thinking exercise at the end asking students to compare Jan van Eyck's artistic practice with Parisian street artist, JR's 'Inside Out' project.

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Art Appreciation: Drawing & Painting UPDATED

  1. 1. Art Appreciation: Drawing & Painting Professor Paige Prater T, R, 9:30-10:50AM
  2. 2. 10 Elements of Art:
  3. 3. Drawing: Dry Media • • • • • • • Pencil Charcoal Silverpoint Conté crayon Chalk Pastel Crayon
  4. 4. Drawing: Pencil Ilka Gedö, Self-portrait, 1944. Graphite on paper, 11 5/8”x8 3/8”. British Museum, London, England.
  5. 5. Drawing: Colored Pencil Birgit Megerle, Untitled, 2003. Pencil and colored pencil on paper, 16 ¾” x 11 ¾” – MOMA, New York.
  6. 6. Drawing: Charcoal Käthe Kollwitz, Self-Portrait in Profile to Left, 1933. Charcoal on Paper. 18 ¾” x 25”. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. Léon Augustin Lhermitte, An Elderly Peasant Woman, c. 1878. Charcoal on wove paper, 18 ¾” x 15 5/8” National Gallery of Art, Washingon, D.C.
  7. 7. Drawing: Silverpoint Raphael, Heads of the Virgin and Child, c. 150911. Silverpoint on Pink Prepared Paper. 5 5/8” x 4 3/8”. British Musuem, London, Engla nd.
  8. 8. Drawing: Conté crayon Georges Seurat, Trees on the Bank of the Seine (Study for Le Grande Jatte), 1884. Black Conté Crayon on White Laid Paper. 24 ½” x 18 ½”. Art Institute of Chicago.
  9. 9. Drawing: Chalk Michelangelo, Studies for the Libyan Sibyl, 1510-11. Red chalk, 11 3/8” x 8 3/8”. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
  10. 10. Drawing: Pastel Edgar Degas, The Tub, 1886. Pastel, 23 5/8” x 32 5/8”, Muse e d’ Orsay, Pari s, France.
  11. 11. Drawing: Wet Media • Ink • Quill & Pen • Brush & ink
  12. 12. Drawing: Ink Vincent Van Gogh, Sower with Setting Sun, 1888. Pen and brown ink, 9 5/8” x 12 5/8”. Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  13. 13. Types of Ink • Carbon ink: 2500 BCE in China/India – soot+water+gum – Smudges • India ink: contemporary version of carbon ink • Iron gall ink: – tannin (oak galls/parasitic on trees)+iron sulfate+gum arabic+water – Not lightfast • Bistre: wood soot/yellow-brown • Sepia: derived from cuttlefish secretions!
  14. 14. Drawing: Ink Claude Lorrain, The Tiber from Monte Mario Looking South, 1640. Dark brown wash on white paper, 7 3/8” x 10 5/8”. British Museum, London, England.
  15. 15. Drawing: Process • • • • • Life-drawing Plaster cast Photographs Gesture Contour Henri Matisse, Themes and Variations, series P, Woman Seated in an Armchair, 1942. Pen and ink 19 ¾” x 15 ¾”. Musee des BeauxArts, Lyons, France.
  16. 16. Painting • • • • Encaustic Tempera Fresco: buon & secco Oil – Impasto • • • • Acrylic (1950) Watercolor/gouache Ink Spray paint
  17. 17. Painting: Encaustic Portrait of a Boy, c. 100150 CE. Encaustic on Wood, 15 3/8” x 7 ½”. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Jasper Johns, Three Flags, 1958, Whitney Museum of Art. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=unExZ9LUuv8
  18. 18. Painting: Tempera • EGGS! • The Virgin and Child with Angels, Ferrarese School, c. 1470-80. Tempera, oil, and gold, on panel, 23 x 17 3/8”. National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh.
  19. 19. Painting: Fresco • Fresco secco - dry • Buon fresco – wet – https://www.youtube.com/w atch?v=-prAIz0urTE – Michelangelo’s technique: https://www.youtube.com/watc h?v=Cej4Ggq5nQI Michelangelo, The Libyan Sibyl, 1511-12. Fresco. Detail of the Sistine Chapel Ceiling, Vatican City.
  20. 20. Painting: Oil Jan van Eyck, The Madonna of Chancellor Rolin, 1430-34. Oil on wood, 26 x24 3/8”. Musee de Louvre, Paris, France. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xs6Q3IciYG0&list=WLlePteh ZrJwhNPA_a1nuc2XiQZyqu3qKc
  21. 21. Jan van Eyck • Most Astonishing Oil Painter • “As I Can” • Man in a Red Turban, 1433. Oil on wood panel. The National Gallery, London
  22. 22. Painting: Oil (impasto) Joan Brown, Girl in Chair, 1962. Oil on canvas, 5 x 4’. LACMA.
  23. 23. Painting: Acrylic • Pigment suspended in polymer resin • Only in use since ~1950! Roger Shimomura, Untitled, 1984. Acrylic on canvas, 5’ ½” x 6’ ¼”. Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art, Kansas City, Missouri.
  24. 24. Painting: Watercolor/Gouache • Pigment suspended with sticky binder • French: honey! • Watercolor= transparent • Gouache helps make it opaque (usually chalk) • Painted on PAPER • Highly portable! Albrecht Durer, A Young Hare, 1502. Watercolor and gouache on paper, 9 7/8” x 8 7/8”. Graphische Sammlung
  25. 25. Albrecht Durer (1471-1528) Self-Portrait, 1500. Oil on wood panel, 26 ¼ x 19 ¼”. Alte Pinakothek, Munich. Melencolia I, 1514. Engraving, 9 3/8 x 7 ½”. Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
  26. 26. Painting: Ink (gum Arabic binder) Versus drawing with ink: no binder Suzuki Shonen, Fireflies at Uji River, Meigi period, 1868-1912. Ink, co.lor, and gold on silk; hanging scroll, 13 ¾” x 50”. Clark Family Collection.
  27. 27. Painting: Spray Paint/ Wall Art John Matos, a.k.a. “Crash”, Aeroplane 1, 1983. Spray paint on canvas, 5’ 11 ¼” x 8’ 7”. Brooklyn Museum, New York. Blek le Rat, David with the Machine Gun, 2006. New York.
  28. 28. Critical Thinking: Can Art Change the World? Group Work… • French Street Artist, JR’s ‘Inside Out’ project: • • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gn2W3X_pGh4 (~6 minutes) http://www.dallasdesigndistrict.net/2014/01/jrs-inside-out-project-comes-todallas-via-the-dallas-contemporary/ • • • • • • • What is JR’s street art project? How does he accomplish it? What is it changing? Who is it changing? Is art being made on a more global scale? How does our artistic context compare with that of van Eyck? Can you draw any similarities between van Eyck and JR? What differences?

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