Art Appreciation, Day2: Line, Shape, Contrast, Form, Mass, Volume, Texture

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An introduction to the elements and principles of art, specifically line, shape, contrast, form, mass, volume, and texture. Includes examples by Andre Masson, Otto Dix, Kara Walker, Meret Oppenheim, M.C. Escher, and more! Based on "Gateways to Art" (2012) by DeWitte, Larmann, and Shields.

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Art Appreciation, Day2: Line, Shape, Contrast, Form, Mass, Volume, Texture

  1. 1. Art Appreciation, Day 2: Line, Shape, Contrast, etc. Professor Paige Prater T, R, 9:30-10:50AM
  2. 2. 10 ELEMENTS of Art: 1. Color 2. Form 3. Line 4. Mass 5. Shape 6. Space 7. Texture 8. Time/Motion 9. Value 10. Volume
  3. 3. 10 PRINCIPLES of Art: 1. Unity 2. Variety 3. Balance 4. Emphasis 5. Focal Point 6. Pattern 7. Proportion 8. Rhythm 9. Scale 10. Contrast
  4. 4. Two-dimensional art: • Line • Shape • Contrast
  5. 5. Mel Bochner, Vertigo, 1982. Charcoal, conte’ crayon, and pastel on canvas, 9’x6’2”. Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY.
  6. 6. • Regular/irregular • Actual/implied • Vertical/Horizontal/Diagonal
  7. 7. Regular/Irregular Line Andre Masson, Automatic Drawing, 1925-6. Ink on paper, 12 x91/2”. Muse’e National d’Art Moderne. Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.
  8. 8. Actual/Implied LINE
  9. 9. Vertical/Horizontal/Diagonal LINE
  10. 10. SHAPE • A 2D area with boundaries (line, value, color) Rectilinear vs. curvilinear
  11. 11. Implied SHAPE
  12. 12. Example:
  13. 13. Positive/Negative SHAPE
  14. 14. Positive/Negative SHAPE • Contrast! – M.C. Escher Sky and Water I, 1938, woodcut, 17 1/8 x 17 3/8. The M. C. Escher Company, Netherlands
  15. 15. Kara Walker, artist http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o 6t-S_DFxCI Biographical analysis: what experiences/opinions does she share that influence her subject matter?
  16. 16. Other types of analysis: • Formal: elements and principles of art • Psychological: interprets artist’s mental state • Contextual: historical, religious, political economic, social, etc. • Feminist: role of women in the artwork as subjects, creators, patrons, and viewers • Iconographic: objects and figures as signs or symbols (often religious or historical)
  17. 17. Three-dimensional art: • Form (vs. SHAPE) • Height, width, depth – Volume – amount of space occupied – Mass- solidity (small or massive) • Texture – tangible (3D) or imaginary (2D)
  18. 18. Form Volume Mass Great Pyramid of Kuhuf, c. 2560 BCE, Giza, Egypt
  19. 19. Texture • http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=80997 Me’ret Oppenheim, Object, 1936. Fur-covered cup, saucer, and spoon, 2 7/8” high, MOMA, New York.
  20. 20. Analyze • Otto Dix, Kriegeskrueppel (War Cripples), 1920. Drypoint, 12 ¾ x19 ½”, MOMA, New York.
  21. 21. Group Work: Analyze Shepard Fairey, Obey, 1996. Georgia O’Keeffe, Music—Pink and Blue II, 1919. Oil on canvas, 35x29 1/8”. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

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