Art Appreciation: Color, Unity, and Variety

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An introduction to the element of color and the principles of unity and variety. Based on "Gateways to Art" (2012).

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Art Appreciation: Color, Unity, and Variety

  1. 1. Art Appreciation Professor Paige Prater T, R, 9:30-10:50AM
  2. 2. 10 ELEMENTS of Art: 1. Color 2. Form 3. Line 4. Mass 5. Shape 6. Space 7. Texture 8. Time/Motion 9. Value 10. Volume
  3. 3. 10 PRINCIPLES of Art: 1. Unity 2. Variety 3. Balance 4. Emphasis 5. Focal Point 6. Pattern 7. Proportion 8. Rhythm 9. Scale 10. Contrast
  4. 4. Important Color Vocabulary • • • • • • • • Hue Value Tint Shade Primary Secondary Complementary Neutral
  5. 5. Color Wheel
  6. 6. Saturation
  7. 7. Monochromatic Color Mark Tansey. Picasso and Braque, 1992. Oil on canvas. 5’4” x 7’
  8. 8. Complementary Color Andre’ Derain. The Turning Road, L’Estaque, 1906. Oil on canvas, 4’3” x6’4’3/4 . Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX.
  9. 9. Analagous Color
  10. 10. Analagous Color Mary Cassat, The Boating Party, 1893-94. Oil on canvas. 35 3/8 x 46 1/8”, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
  11. 11. National Gallery of Art
  12. 12. Optical Color:Pointillism Georges Seurat, The Circus (detail of it), 1890-91, Oil on canvas.
  13. 13. Color in Print: different color wheel! CMY + K (key, which equals black)= CMYK! 
  14. 14. Color in Electronics: different, too!
  15. 15. Charles Csuri, Wondrous Spring, 1992. Computer image, 4’x 5’5”.
  16. 16. Color & Chromotherapy • “I have tried to express with red and green the terrible passions of human nature.” –Van Gogh • Which painting was he referring to? • Do you think he captured passion? Why or why not?
  17. 17. Unity: order, wholeness, harmony in a design • Compositional – overall design • Conceptual – idea behind the work • Gestalt – ALL aspects ordered VS MONOTONY or CHAOS
  18. 18. Unity Katsushika Hokusai, “The Great Wave off Shore at Kanagawa,” from Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji, 1826–33 (printed later). Print, color woodcut. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  19. 19. Unity: 3 examples of COMPOSITIONAL unity
  20. 20. Unity: Conceptual Romare Bearden, The Dove, 1964. Cut-and-pasted printed papers, gouache, pencil, and colored pencil on board, 13⅜ x 18¾”. MOMA, New York
  21. 21. Unity: Gestalt • Whole greater than sum of its parts…concept, com position, creation… Vishnu Dreaming the Universe, c. 450–500 CE. Relief panel. Temple of Vishnu, Deogarh, Utta r Pradesh, India
  22. 22. Variety: visual diversity in one composition • Ideas • Elements: shapes, values • materials
  23. 23. Variety: materials Robert Rauschenberg, Monogram, 1955–9. Mixed media with taxidermy goat, rubber tire, and tennis ball, 42 x 63¼ x 64½”. Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden

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