Art Appreciation: Art of India, China, and Japan

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Highlights of religion, history, architecture, sculpture, and painting from the Asian region. Based on the textbook "Gateways to Art" (2012).

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Art Appreciation: Art of India, China, and Japan

  1. 1. Art of India, China, and Japan T, R, 9:30AM-10:50AM Professor Paige Prater
  2. 2. Mapping it!
  3. 3. Asian Religious Traditions • Buddhism – Buddha’s teaching (563-483 BCE) – life’s difficulties>enlightenment>nirvana • Confucianism – Confucius’ philosophy (551-479 BCE) – ethics for social order • Daoism – The Way – Lao Zi (604 BCE) – Dao de jing: harmony with universe • Hinduism – karma, reincarnation, polytheistic • Shintoism- The Way of the Gods – respect for nature and ancestors, polytheistic. Kami = spirits
  4. 4. Overview of Asian Artistic Styles • Indian art: elaborate decoration/human body; sensual • Chinese art: religion, heritage, and ancestors; precise, symmetrical • Japanese art: nature; asymmetrical, organic, spontaneous, contemplative
  5. 5. Art of India • Buddhist and Hindu Great Stupa, third century BCE, enlarged under the Sunga and Andhra Dynasties, c. 150– 50 BCE, Sanchi, India
  6. 6. Detail of East gate at Great Stupa, 3rd Century BCE • Pilgrims: east gate, clockwise • Stupas/gateways (toranas)= recreation of the universe in a 3D mandala pattern. • 35’ columns • Scenes of Buddha’s multiple lives (jatakas)
  7. 7. Bodhisattva Padmapani, Cave 1, Ajanta, India. Cave painting, second half of 5th century • 29 caves carved into a horse-shoe-shaped cliff in Ajanta (western India) • Buddhist sculptures/paintings • Lotus • Bodhissatva – one who achieved nirvana but voluntarily stays to help others reach enlightenment
  8. 8. Indian Art: Hinduism • 3rd largest world religion; most followers in India • Large temple complex in northern India • Dedicated to Shiva, Hindu god of creation and destruction Kandariya Mahadeva temple, c. 1000, Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh, India
  9. 9. Detail of exterior sculpture, Kandariya Mahadeva temple • More than 600 sculptures • Sensual • Unity of male/female represents unity of cosmos
  10. 10. Indian Art: ISLAM • Mid-16th century, Mughals took over India (Mongolian descent, Muslim), ruled hundreds of years – Jahangir, “World Conqueror” (1569-1627) – Shah Jahan, (1592-1666) and wife, Mumtaz Mahal (1593-1631) • Sufism • Commissioned artworks – Persian – Indian
  11. 11. Bichitr, Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaykh to Kings, from the St. Petersburg album, Mughal Dynasty, c. 1615–18. Opaque watercolor, gold, and ink on paper, 18⅞ × 13”. Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
  12. 12. Taj Mahal, 1631-1648, Agra, India • White marble inscribed; reflects the sun • Dome: 58’ diameter, 213’ tall
  13. 13. Art of China • 221 BCE – first unified Chinese dynasty • Buddhism and Daoism • Calligraphy – Different dialects, ONE written form of communication! Wang Xizhi Portion of a Letter from the Feng Ju Album, mid-4th century CE, 24.7 x46.8 cm.
  14. 14. Art of China • Scene from life of well-known Chinese writer: Ge Zichuan – First alchemist – Daoist Wang Meng, Ge Zhichuan Moving His Dwelling, c.1360. Hanging scroll, ink and color on paper, 54¾ × 22⅞”. Palace Museum, Beijing, China
  15. 15. Art of China Zhang Zeduan, Along the River during the Qingming Festival, Northern Song Dynasty, 11th century. Handscroll, ink and color on silk, 10” × 17’ 3”. Palace Museum, Beijing, China
  16. 16. Zhang Zeduan, Along the River during the Qingming Festival, Northern Song Dynasty, 11th century. DETAIL • 800 people, daily activities • Right to left
  17. 17. Art of China • Respect of afterlife • Tomb objects Ritual wine vessel (guang), late Shang dynasty, c. 1700– 1050 BCE. Bronze, 6½ × 3¼ × 8½”. Brooklyn Museum, New York
  18. 18. • Lady Dai – noblewoman from Han Dynasty • Tomb excavated in 1972 Detail from painted banner from tomb of Lady Dai Hou Fu-ren, Han Dynasty, c. 168 BCE. Silk. Hunan Museum, Changsha, China
  19. 19. Art of Japan • Buddhism and Shintoism • Chanoyu – Way of the Tea; peace and solace, zen buddhism • Tsumugi-ori textiles – Water, light, and wind – kimonos Sonoko Sasaki, Sea in the Sky, 2007.Tsumugi-ito silk thread and vegetable dyes, 70⅞ × 51¼”. Collection of the artist
  20. 20. Sonoko Sanaki at her loom…
  21. 21. Art of Japan • 16th century tea master • Only remaining room by him Sen no Rikyu, Taian teahouse, interior, c. 1582. Myoki-an Temple, Kyoto, Japan

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