Aegaean art arthistorysurveyi_stokstad

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Aegaean art arthistorysurveyi_stokstad

  1. 1. Art History Survey I T,R, 12-1:20PM Professor Paige Prater
  2. 2.  Cyclades  Crete  Mainland (Mycenaen/Helladic)
  3. 3.  „Cycladica‟ craze, post WWII (forgeries, lost context)  DATES: ◦ Relative  Pottery ◦ Thera explosion (Cycladic island) 1650-1625BCE, based on:  Greenland‟s ice cores  CA tree rings  Irish tree rings
  4. 4.  Sea-faring, agriculture, herding, crafts, and trade (Egypt and Near East)  Lots of white marble available! (Naxos & Paros)  Low quality clay (since 6000 BCE)  Gravetop sculptures (lying on top) ◦ Obsidian scrapers and chisels ◦ Emery polishing stones
  5. 5. • Inches-5‟ tall • Funerary offerings - theory • Painted face, jewelry, dots • Likely reclining
  6. 6.  Seated Harp Player, 2700-2500 BCE, marble, 11.5”
  7. 7.  Largest of the Aegean islands: 155x36 mi  Economically self-sufficient BUT NO ORES  Trade with Egypt, Near East, Greece, & Anatolia  Sir Arthur Evans named it after legend of King Minos who ruled from Knossos, the capital (discovered in 1900CE).  http://youtu.be/x3dak2YQdPM ◦ OLD PALACE PERIOD: 1900-1700 BCE ◦ NEW PALACE PERIOD: 1700-1450 BCE
  8. 8.  Not sure if there was a king  Rubble/mud bricks finished with dressed stone  Timber bracing  Plaster walls and flooring  Multi-storied, flat-roofed, MANY COLUMNS  Workshops and centralized food storage/management ◦ Single storeroom: ceramic containers to hold 20,000 gallons of olive oil!
  9. 9.  Central courtyard  Theatre/performance area  Complicated layout = labyrinth = maze  Courtyards, apartments, administrative suites, baths  Efficient system of terracotta pipes  3 stories around central court
  10. 10. Columns tapered toward bottom (upside down tree trunks)
  11. 11.  Thin walls  Use of color  Stylized, painted decoration Phaistos, Crete, 2000- 1900 BCE. Octopus Flask, Palaikastr o, Crete. New Palace Period, 1500- 1450BCE.
  12. 12.  Imported gold  Lost-wax casting  Inlay  Filigree  Repousse  Niello – powdered nigellum (alloy of lead, silver, copper, and sulfur) rubbed into engraved lines, fused via heat http://youtu.be/8hUBqZduE0c  Gilding – affixing gold-leaf Pendant of Gold Bees. Chryssolakos, near Mallia, Crete, Old Palace Period, 1700-1550 BCE.
  13. 13. Vapheio Cup. Found near Sparta, Greece, 1650-1450 BCE.
  14. 14.  Woman or Goddess with Snakes  From Knossos, New Palace Period, 1700- 1550 BCE  Minoan fashion: wide belt, flounced skirt, apron
  15. 15. • Wall-painting detail from Room 3 of House Xeste 3, Akrotiri, Thera. • Cyclades BEFORE 1630BCE • Similar fashion to goddess sculpture…!
  16. 16. • Thera, Cycla des island, Mino an • 1st (Abstract) landscape • Undulating landscape • Colors appear fanciful (arbitrary) • Stylized lines define form • Lilies, swallo ws, expressi on of movement
  17. 17. RHYTON: pours liquid STEATITE: soapstone
  18. 18.  3000 BCE Early Bronze Age in the Cyclades  2200 BCE First Palaces at Knossos, Crete  2000 BCE First pictographic script, Crete  1900 BCE Old Palace Period  1650-25BCE Destruction of Thera; earthquake/volcanic eruption!  1600 BCE Mycnaeans rise to power  1450 BCE Destruction of minoan palaces; Knossos occupied by Mycenaeans  1400 BCE Knossos burned/not rebuilt  1300 BCE Mycenaean walls on acropolis in Athens  1100 BCE End of Mycenaean dominance
  19. 19.  CITADELS: megalith strongholds to protect ruler‟s palace  MEGARON: axial plan  Tholos/Beehive/Vaulted tombs (round, stone) “Mask of Agamemnon” Funerary mask from royal tombs, Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece, 1600-1550 BCE. Dagger Blade with Lion Hunt, 1550-1500 BCE – Mycenae, Greece.
  20. 20.  German  Troy (Turkey) & Mycenae, Greece  19th Century  Businessman  Lawsuit with Ottoman Govt  Tomb of Agamemnon  Controversy of Mask  4 excavations
  21. 21.  Aegean dates/authenticity – how do we know?  Reconstruction – when is it authorized?  Significance of animals, such as lions – where else/what context?  Role of women – gender in ancient cultures?  Architectural differences/similarities between societies – structural/utilitarian?

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