World Accounting Summit 2009

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Presentation delivered at the 2009 World Accounting Summit (Dubai, United Arab Emirates)

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World Accounting Summit 2009

  1. 1. The Dawn Of A Transparent Accounting Era<br />Transforming to International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) – Opportunities and Challenges<br />www.accountingsummit.com<br />
  2. 2. Topics<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />
  3. 3. BackgroundWhat is happening in the Public Sector ? <br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />3<br />
  4. 4. BackgroundWhat is happening in the Public Sector ? <br />www.pahladsingh.in<br /><ul><li>Governments have:
  5. 5. Extended credits to banks
  6. 6. Guaranteed liabilities of banks
  7. 7. Purchased impaired debt instruments
  8. 8. Assumed control of banks
  9. 9. Government as a major shareholder set rules for operations and management:
  10. 10. Fuel efficient cars
  11. 11. Restrictions on salaries and bonuses for the board room
  12. 12. Change of CEO</li></li></ul><li>BackgroundWhat is happening in the Public Sector ? <br />www.pahladsingh.in<br /><ul><li>Public Sector:
  13. 13. Reinforcement of the importance of high-quality standards for financial reporting by governments.
  14. 14. Increased the need for accountability in the public sector and for transparency in its financial dealings.
  15. 15. The controlled entities will become part of parliamentary budget controls
  16. 16. IPSASB
  17. 17. Accelerated issue of standards for financial instruments by the end of February 2009, based on IAS 32, 39 and IFRS 7
  18. 18. Increased international planning and cooperation</li></li></ul><li>BackgroundWhat are IPSASs ? <br />blackstone-interim.com<br />
  19. 19. BackgroundWhat are IPSASs ? <br />blackstone-interim.com<br />
  20. 20. BackgroundWhat are IPSASs ? <br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />
  21. 21. BackgroundWhat are IPSASs ? <br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />
  22. 22. BackgroundWhat are IPSASs ? <br />blackstone-interim.com<br />
  23. 23. BackgroundWhat are IPSASs ? <br />blackstone-interim.com<br />
  24. 24. BackgroundWhat are IPSASs ? <br /><ul><li>Operates for various public and private sector entities.
  25. 25. Issues in The Netherlands27 different sets of financial statements, for ministries, counties, and various international organizations</li></ul>blackstone-interim.com<br />
  26. 26. BackgroundWhat are IPSASs ? <br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />
  27. 27. BackgroundDifferences with IAS/IFRS<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />Area’s of Consistency<br />
  28. 28. BackgroundDifferences with IAS/IFRS<br />blackstone-interim.com<br />
  29. 29. BackgroundWho apply IPSASs ?<br />Countries adopted IPSAS<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />
  30. 30. BackgroundWho apply IPSASs ?<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br /><ul><li>Almost IPSAS Compliant</li></li></ul><li>BackgroundWho apply IPSASs ?<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />
  31. 31. BackgroundWho apply IPSASs ?<br />UHLCM has approved on 30 November 2006 a recommendation of its Task Force on Accounting Standards to adopt IPSAS (International Public Sector Accounting Standards) as the accounting standards of the UN system, by 1 January 2010. This recommendation will lead to one of the most radical changes in the financial management of the organizations of the system in the past many years.<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />
  32. 32. ChallengesImplementation Difficulties<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />
  33. 33. Transforming from modified cash accounting to IPSASChallenges<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />
  34. 34. Transforming from modified cash accounting to IPSASLessons learned<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />
  35. 35. Transforming from modified cash accounting to IPSASLessons learned<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />IPSAS texts are difficult<br />Training is a challenge: internal and external – changing attitude/mindset<br />Due process<br />Pilots<br />Rewrite accounting manuals<br />
  36. 36. Transforming from modified cash accounting to IPSASLessons learned<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />Accrual accounting should be part of a widerreform<br />It is about people, institutions and commitment<br />Keep a balance between theory and the reality of the institution<br />Make the financial actors responsible<br />The development of a soundinternalcontrolsystem is a key element for the modernisation of public management<br />Modernising accounting in the public sector requires financiallyliterategeneralmanagement<br />
  37. 37. Defining and understanding the new IPSASs Conceptual Framework<br />To establish the concepts, definitionsand principles that are to be applied in developing IPSASs<br />Scope: <br />the role and authority of the IPSASB Framework; <br />the objectives of financial reporting; <br />the scope of financial reporting; <br />the qualitative characteristics of information included in general purpose financial reports (GPFRs); and <br />the nature of the reporting entity.<br />A public sector reporting entity may be an entity with a separate legal identity or other organizational structure or arrangement.<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />
  38. 38. Defining and understanding the new IPSASs Accounting and Financial Reporting for Service Concession Arrangements<br />The grantor must report the property as an asset in its financial statements if it is considered to control the property<br />If scheduled payments made by the grantor can be separated into a construction element and a service element: <br />present value of the scheduled construction payments should be used if lower than the fair value of the property.<br />Other cases:<br />liability is initially measured based on the fair value of the property<br />Contractually determined inflows of resources to be received by a grantor from an operator should be recognized as revenue by the grantor. Amounts received in advance of providing a commensurate level of access to the property should be reported as a liability.<br />blackstone-interim.com<br />
  39. 39. Defining and understanding the new IPSASs Social Benefits: Disclosure of Transfers to Individuals or Households<br />Entities are required to:<br />determine the present value of amounts expected to be transferred<br />estimate the variables that will determine the ultimate cost of providing those benefits (both demographic and financial assumptions).<br />disclose of the reporting entity’s accounting policy for recognizing expenses and liabilities on a program basis.<br />Ancillary disclosures: <br />details of the principal legislation and regulations governing the programs<br />blackstone-interim.com<br />
  40. 40. Defining and understanding the new IPSASs Social Benefits: Disclosure of Transfers to Individuals or Households<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />Total Present Value of eligible individuals or households<br />Number of eligible individuals at year end<br />Demographic assumption<br />
  41. 41. Defining and understanding the new IPSASs Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />Based on the amendments to IAS 21<br />A net investment in a foreign operation may be any controlled entity of the economic entity<br />Exchange differences arising on a monetary item that forms part of a reporting entity’s net investment in a foreign operation are recognized initially in a separate component of net assets/equity in the financial statements that include the foreign operation and the reporting entity.<br />
  42. 42. Defining and understanding the new IPSASs Borrowing Costs<br />Based on the amendments to IAS 23<br />Borrowings costs must be expensed as in the Public Sector borrowings are in general not attributable<br />Capitalization allowed if borrowings cost were incurred specifically to acquire, construct or produce a qualifying asset in order to converge with IAS<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />
  43. 43. Change… in the Public Sector<br />And those of us who manage the public&apos;s dollars will be held to account — to spend wisely, reform bad habits, and do our business in the light of day — because only then can we restore the vital trust between a people and their government.<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />
  44. 44. Thank you !<br />www.pahladsingh.in<br />

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