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Roman  Army, 5 Ws
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Roman Army, 5 Ws


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  • 1. The Roman Army Who? What? Where? When? Why?
  • 2. Roman Army What? Why? Who? Where? ? When?
  • 3. What was the Roman Army?
    • Force behind one of the greatest empires of the ancient world
    • Began 3,000 years ago with tribe called Latins
    • Grew into city of Rome
    • Romans built up a great army
    • Conquered many lands around the Mediterranean Sea.
    • World’s first superpower.
  • 4. When was the Roman Army?
    • Emperor Trajan ruled the Roman Empire from AD98 until AD117
    • Emperor Hadrian ruled from AD117 until AD138
  • 5. Why was there a Roman Army?
    • fought to defend their land against invaders
    • fought to take land from their enemies
    • fought to extend their empire by conquering other lands, which they divided into area called provinces
    • fought to strengthen and defend the frontiers of their empire
  • 6. So far…
    • What? When? Why?
  • 7. Where was the Roman Army?
  • 8. Frontiers: (1) Rivers
    • Rivers Rhine, Danube, Tigris and Euphrates
    • Rivers were good frontiers. Why?
    • Hadrian made the river Rhine the frontier from Bonn to the sea. He fortified the river.
    • The river Danube was similarly fortified from Regensburg to the Black Sea
    • These fortifications stretched for a bout 450 kilometres.
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11. Frontiers: (2) Sahara Desert
  • 12. Frontiers: (3) Hadrian’s Wall
    • Solid barrier
    • Intimidating reminder
    • 118km (73 miles) long, 2.5 metres thick, 5 metres high
    • Defended by 80 small mile-castles, 1.6 metres kilometres apart, and about 160 lookout turrets
    • Stone-built & turf-built
    • Ditch to the north
    • Vallum to the south.
    • Remained occupied until 410
    • 16 auxiliary army forts built along the wall
  • 13.  
  • 14. Worksheet
  • 15. Who were the Roman Army?
    • 107 BC Marius made the army a permanent force
    • Both infantry and cavalry
    • 2 types of soldier: (1) Auxiliary. (2) Legionary.
    • All legionaries were Roman citizens aged between 17 and 46 years old, and nearly all legionaries were infantry.
    • Recruitment depended on how long a province had been under Roman rule.
    • Legionary recruits usually came from the province which contained the legion’s base
    • Auxiliaries never stationed in their homeland
    • Normally enough volunteers to keep the army going
    • Soldiers had to swear a solemn oath