Transcript about Tenerife disaster

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Transcript about Tenerife disaster

  1. 1. Investigation about Tenerife Disaster and TWA Flight 847 Incident AMIDEE AZIZAN KPMC102217 In this PRESENTATION I will describe about air crash fatal accident between 2 aircraft in two different situations that is runway incursion(aircraft collision) and aircraft hijacking. The issues are: Fact, Chronology , Comparison and Assumption of Fatal.
  2. 2. Crash of Century TENERIFE DISASTER FACT Destination : Las Palmas Airport , Canary Island Place of Accident : Tenerife Airport (Regional airport) Date : March 27th 1977 Aircraft : Pan Am B747 and KLM B747 Fatalities : 583 Survivors : 61 Incident type : Runway Incursion-Aircraft collision during take off Reason divert : Bomb threat at Las Palmas
  3. 3. Chronology • 12 00 pm  Pan Am on cruising level 2 hours to destination Las Palmas  Pan Am received urgent message from • 1230 Las Palmas ATC about Bomb Threat at Las Palmas airport and instruct to divert to Tenerife Airport • 0138  KLM already on ground
  4. 4. Tenerife is a small airport.Only have 1 airstrip.Its Sunday and only 2 ATC staff on duty.Tarmac condition already pack with a/c,getting bumper to bumper.Taxiway block with aircraft.ATC have to clear aircraft out of gate as soon as possible. • • • • • 0215 0230 0456 0502 0506  Pan Am touch down at Tenerife Airport  Las Palmas airport reopen  KLM request permission to taxiing to depart  Pan Am taxiing behind KLM  Pan Am saw KLM jumbo heading towards them on same runway • 0507  Pan Am trying to pull out of the runway as soon as possible • 0508  Both aircraft collide each other
  5. 5. ASSUMPTION OF DISASTER ERROR       Human Error Communication Failure ATC Airport Requirement Weather Conditions Aircraft Refuelling Human Error  Haste to take off because afraid closed to minimum visibility to take-off (Fogging situation)  Not follow ATC clearance on take off & exit  Take-off during Pan Am still taxiing  Stress to catching departure slot to avoid exceeding flight hour expenses  Didn’t follow order to exit on C3 continue manoeuvre to C4 therefore aircraft shouldn’t be on the runway during event occur. Communication Failure  Pilot misunderstand instruction  Lack of communication  Bad English accent
  6. 6. Weather Condition Fogging around airport Visibility down from 500 meter to few Dozen meter before event occur ATC Propose to use the main runway as a taxiway instead (Back track Method)- a/c take turn taxing to runway-end ,turn around, and take off continuously at the same runway, Next a/c exit and hold before taking turn take-off
  7. 7. Airport Requirement  Limited facility  No radar to monitor surface movement  Lack of equipment- runway center light out of service Aircraft Refueling  Pilot judgment on carry extra fuel to fly to Las Palmas plus back to Amsterdam to avoid queue.  Refuelling block Pan Am to taxiing on behind  Carry extra fuel take more time to refuel  Causing delay  Too heavy to lift  Delay causing fogging getting thicker
  8. 8. SPECIAL THANKS TO NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC AIRCRAFT INVESTIGATION Q&A

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