n airport emergency is any occasion or instance, natural or man-made that warrants
action to save lives and protects property and public health. Virtually no airport has
sufficient resources to respond to every emergency situation independently. Each
airport must depend to some degree on the resources from its surrounding communities. It is
essential to prepare for emergencies that face an airport in order to be able to respond quickly,
efficiently and effectively.
An airport emergency can occur anywhere, at any time - day or night, under any weather
condition, and in varying degrees of magnitude; it can occur instantaneously or develop slowly;
it can last only a few minutes or go on for days. It can be natural, such as a hurricane or
earthquake, or it can be "man-made", such as a hazardous materials spill, terrorism, major fire, or
power outage. Moreover, emergencies of the same type can differ widely, depending on factors
such as degree of warning, duration, and scope of impact. The important thing to remember is
that, while emergencies can seldom be exactly predicted, they can be anticipated and prepared
The potential for disaster exists everywhere, and the cost in suffering, life, and property
can be devastatingly high. Since emergencies are perceived as low probability events and
because preparedness requires cost in time and finances, the importance of such planning can
often be overlooked.
However airports and communities that experience such disasters can pay a high price if
they are not prepared. In addition to health and safety problems, social disruption, lawsuits,
negative publicity, and psychological after-effects may result. While every contingency cannot
be anticipated and prepared for, a strong emergency preparedness program can assist in limiting
the negative impact of these events, including liability and other post-emergency issues.
Although there is certain manual and procedure needs to be done in order to support the
emergency procedure in safest way to ensure safety of the airport, passenger and aircraft
In this assignment u will gathered information about airport emergency and one of the
his section focuses on the special planning needs of the particular hazards that airport
may encounter. It addresses the essential operational actions that must be accomplished
to facilitate the successful completion of a specific emergency response function. Some
of the hazards that may require response are:
Aircraft incidents and Accidents - Any occurrence associated with the operation of an
aircraft that takes place between the time a person boards the aircraft with the intention of
flight and the time such person has disembarked, in which a person suffers death or
serious injury as a result. Operational defect that affects normal flight operations.
Landing Gear Problem. Aircraft accident has occurred on or in the vicinity of the airport.
Mechanical Difficulty, Taxiing Accident, Aircraft Crash or Fire, Hijacking.
Natural Disasters - Tornadoes, hailstorms, flooding, thunderstorms, high winds, or other
Bomb incidents - Aircraft Bomb Threat, Building Bomb Threat, A/C Carrying
Radiological / Hazardous Materials Emergencies -Involves the possible spillage of
radiological failure or hazardous material on a commercial, military or private aircraft in
Structural Fire - Situation involves fires occurring at or in airport buildings such as
terminals or hangars, Fire and Explosions.
Failure of Power for Movement Area Lighting - Situation involves failure of power for
movement area lighting.issue NOTAM.
Organization of Airport Emergency Responsibility
Airport Traffic Control
A/c Rescue and FireFighting
Emergency medical services
Administration and Logistic
Hazardous Material Response
Authorities and References
State or Local evironmental
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
National Weather Service
Bomb Threat Emergency
Aircraft Bomb Threat
Establish an isolation zone on the airport and clear it of all unauthorized personnel.
Passengers will leave baggage and cargo on the aircraft. All persons should be detained until
cleared by the designated law enforcement personnel.
Notify the Bomb Squad and Police Department by telephone (911 or XXX-XXX-XXXX) and the
Federal Bureau of Investigation (XXX-XX- XXXX) requesting assistance.
Notify the person (s) or firm in ownership of the aircraft.
Building Bomb Threat
Anyone receive a bomb threat directed towards any airport building, structure, or an aircraft, the
person receiving the call should contact 911 immediately, and notify the Airport Director.
The Airport Director shall take the following action:
Notify the tenant of the building, if any, and direct all persons to be evacuated a minimum
of 500 feet from the threatened building. Also, consult Emergency Response Guide for
evacuation procedures. Ensure a tenant familiar with the building will meet with authorities
to assist in identification of building contents during the bomb search.
Notify emergency 911 or Local Number, and inform them of the situation. The City Police
and Fire Departments will dispatch appropriate units to the scene. A search of the premises
will be conducted by utilizing occupants of the premise familiar with the building. This
search will be conducted under joint incident command with the Police and Fire
Department. Should a suspicious package or device be discovered during the search the Fire
Department Bomb Squad will respond to dispose of the package or device?
Ensure all personnel and vehicles are kept a minimum safe distance of 500 feet from around
the building. Divert flights over the building with a suspicious package or device.
ltimately , there is no airport that can independently withstand all types of emergencies
. Every airport at some point must rely to some of the resources from its immediate
communities. As we know from real world experience, the key to effective and efficient
emergency response is simply: practice, practice and more practice. All the crews that take part
always have to alert.
In fact it is emergency and all job need to be done quickly you still have to make sure to
follow the procedure to ensure safety and to avoid injury.All the emergency equipment need to
be serrvicing always.
Make sure follow all the instruction from ATC.Ensure all workers is qualify to handle the
vehicle. Maintaining a specific minimum distance between vehicles to avoid collision.Always
alert on what happen around you.
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