Airport Emergency


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Airport Emergency

  1. 1. Table of contents Introduction………………………………………...1 Contents Airport EmErgEnCy……………………....2 Bomb Threat Emergency..……………..3 Conclusion…………………………………………….4 BiBliogrAphy……………………………………..…5 0
  2. 2. Introduction A n airport emergency is any occasion or instance, natural or man-made that warrants action to save lives and protects property and public health. Virtually no airport has sufficient resources to respond to every emergency situation independently. Each airport must depend to some degree on the resources from its surrounding communities. It is essential to prepare for emergencies that face an airport in order to be able to respond quickly, efficiently and effectively. An airport emergency can occur anywhere, at any time - day or night, under any weather condition, and in varying degrees of magnitude; it can occur instantaneously or develop slowly; it can last only a few minutes or go on for days. It can be natural, such as a hurricane or earthquake, or it can be "man-made", such as a hazardous materials spill, terrorism, major fire, or power outage. Moreover, emergencies of the same type can differ widely, depending on factors such as degree of warning, duration, and scope of impact. The important thing to remember is that, while emergencies can seldom be exactly predicted, they can be anticipated and prepared for. The potential for disaster exists everywhere, and the cost in suffering, life, and property can be devastatingly high. Since emergencies are perceived as low probability events and because preparedness requires cost in time and finances, the importance of such planning can often be overlooked. However airports and communities that experience such disasters can pay a high price if they are not prepared. In addition to health and safety problems, social disruption, lawsuits, negative publicity, and psychological after-effects may result. While every contingency cannot be anticipated and prepared for, a strong emergency preparedness program can assist in limiting the negative impact of these events, including liability and other post-emergency issues. Although there is certain manual and procedure needs to be done in order to support the emergency procedure in safest way to ensure safety of the airport, passenger and aircraft In this assignment u will gathered information about airport emergency and one of the emergency procedures. 1
  3. 3. AIRPORT EMERGENCY T his section focuses on the special planning needs of the particular hazards that airport may encounter. It addresses the essential operational actions that must be accomplished to facilitate the successful completion of a specific emergency response function. Some of the hazards that may require response are: Aircraft incidents and Accidents - Any occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft that takes place between the time a person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight and the time such person has disembarked, in which a person suffers death or serious injury as a result. Operational defect that affects normal flight operations. Landing Gear Problem. Aircraft accident has occurred on or in the vicinity of the airport. Mechanical Difficulty, Taxiing Accident, Aircraft Crash or Fire, Hijacking. Natural Disasters - Tornadoes, hailstorms, flooding, thunderstorms, high winds, or other natural disasters. Bomb incidents - Aircraft Bomb Threat, Building Bomb Threat, A/C Carrying Explosives Radiological / Hazardous Materials Emergencies -Involves the possible spillage of radiological failure or hazardous material on a commercial, military or private aircraft in flight Structural Fire - Situation involves fires occurring at or in airport buildings such as terminals or hangars, Fire and Explosions. Failure of Power for Movement Area Lighting - Situation involves failure of power for movement area lighting.issue NOTAM. Organization of Airport Emergency Responsibility Airport Traffic Control Tower A/c Rescue and FireFighting Law Enforcement/Security Emergency medical services Airport Operator Administration and Logistic Hazardous Material Response Plan Development Authorities and References Airport Tenants Communication Services State or Local evironmental Agency Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Hospital National Weather Service NTSB 2
  4. 4. Bomb Threat Emergency Aircraft Bomb Threat Establish an isolation zone on the airport and clear it of all unauthorized personnel. Passengers will leave baggage and cargo on the aircraft. All persons should be detained until cleared by the designated law enforcement personnel. Notify the Bomb Squad and Police Department by telephone (911 or XXX-XXX-XXXX) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (XXX-XX- XXXX) requesting assistance. Notify the person (s) or firm in ownership of the aircraft. Building Bomb Threat Anyone receive a bomb threat directed towards any airport building, structure, or an aircraft, the person receiving the call should contact 911 immediately, and notify the Airport Director. The Airport Director shall take the following action: Notify the tenant of the building, if any, and direct all persons to be evacuated a minimum of 500 feet from the threatened building. Also, consult Emergency Response Guide for evacuation procedures. Ensure a tenant familiar with the building will meet with authorities to assist in identification of building contents during the bomb search. Notify emergency 911 or Local Number, and inform them of the situation. The City Police and Fire Departments will dispatch appropriate units to the scene. A search of the premises will be conducted by utilizing occupants of the premise familiar with the building. This search will be conducted under joint incident command with the Police and Fire Department. Should a suspicious package or device be discovered during the search the Fire Department Bomb Squad will respond to dispose of the package or device? Ensure all personnel and vehicles are kept a minimum safe distance of 500 feet from around the building. Divert flights over the building with a suspicious package or device. 3
  5. 5. CONCLUSION U ltimately , there is no airport that can independently withstand all types of emergencies . Every airport at some point must rely to some of the resources from its immediate communities. As we know from real world experience, the key to effective and efficient emergency response is simply: practice, practice and more practice. All the crews that take part always have to alert. In fact it is emergency and all job need to be done quickly you still have to make sure to follow the procedure to ensure safety and to avoid injury.All the emergency equipment need to be serrvicing always. Make sure follow all the instruction from ATC.Ensure all workers is qualify to handle the vehicle. Maintaining a specific minimum distance between vehicles to avoid collision.Always alert on what happen around you. 4
  6. 6. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. For Books: Author(s) Year Title City Publisher AMC 2010 Airport Management KL AMC Article Title URL (Internet Site Address) Emergency Response Manual Airport Emergency Procedure http://.edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/guidebk/policies/emergen. Airport Emergency Training Airport Emergency Planning 3. For Educated Person and Other Periodicals: Name(s) Position Mejar Maya Marimuthu Lecturer 5