GUITARS By:PABLO VILLAGRASA MARUGÁN 2º E.S.O. B
GUITARSDefinition: Stringed musical instrument with closed boxand opening in the middle; with mast and six strings arepressed with fingers.The main types of guitars are: SPANISH GUITAROrigin and evolution: Has over 500 years, was born in southern Spain, andcomes from the Arabic and Latin culture.The first guitars were animal gut strings, tied the neck andeventually began to spread to Europe and SouthAmerican developed construction techniques.Was in eighteenth century when it adopted the aspect,that with six strings and the one we know at the presenttime.Types of Spanish guitar:Classical guitar: Sound deep and sensitive. Is usedinterpret classical pieces.Flemish guitar: Has a bright and powerful sound. Is usedfor flamenco.
Parts of the Spanish guitar:Soundboard: The body of the guitar. It’s hollow.Strings: There are six of nylon.Bridge: Over the strings are fastened at the bottom.Neck: Narrow part of the guitar on with to place thefingerboard, which is the tone produced by the division infrets.Headstock: Where the strings are wound taut more orless for tuning the guitar, moving the pegs.Sound hole of guitar: Opening of the soundboard, withrosette around.
ACOUSTIC GUITAROrigin and evolution:200 years ago traveled to North American guitar whichwas modified in form and sound to become what we callacoustic guitar.Differences with the Spanish guitar:Soundboard: Is larger and this gives more power ofsound. Also has a pickguard to protect play with pua.Strings: The strings are metal.Bridge: More reinforced.Neck: Is narrower and more reinforced with a metal barinside fingerboard and frets.Headstock: Is different and more compact.Sound hole : Is similar to the Spanish guitar.
ELECTRIC GUITAROrigin and evolution of electric guitar:80 years ago in the mid thirties is placed to a specialmicrophone called pick up in acoustic guitar, whichreflects the vibrations of the strings, and becomesconnected to an electric sound amplifier. Withtechnological advancement were improved buildingtechniques, arriving at the actual electric guitar.Little by little introduced sound effects as reverb,distortion, delay, chorus, others and midi music, thathave made the electric guitar a very importantinstrument in the history of pop, blues and rock.
PARTS OF THE ELECTRIC GUITAR:Differences with the acoustic guitar:Electronic Installation with pickups and controls.Body: It is not hollow, but compact and solid having nonatural resonance, and no sound hole . Takes pick guardbigger and stronger.Neck and fingerboard: Similar to acoustic guitarStrings: There are six metal.Bridges: Stronger than the acoustic guitar and is of metal.Pickups: Is where it collects sound.Headstock: Compact and reinforced.Controls: Volume and tone.Output connector: To carry the sound to the amplifier.Pick up selector: Move the slider according to the soundoccurs or other.