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  • Who you are? where you are from? what grade/subject you teach? how comfortable are you with technology in the classroom?
  • What is Web 2.0? E-learning, Web 2.0 and their impact upon Education Web 2.0 tools Changing Face of Education
  • call up web page, read what was there accept information (or not)
  • The phrase "Web 2.0 " comes originally from the business world ,
  • Web 2.0 served a new purpose
  • In Web 2.0 the creation of material or information on the Web is as much a part of our experience as the finding or reading of data has been in Web 1.0. Web 2.0 programs provide compelling teaching and learning opportunities .
  • The ability to read something online and post immediate feedback was a first step in Web 2.0 development (e.g., Amazon reviews , etc. 10 years back). being able to comment all over the web, thus adding CONTENT to the web.
  • supports the creation of ad-hoc learning communities.
  • "Like the web itself, the early promise of e-learning - that of empowerment - has not been fully realized. The experience of e-learning for many has been no more than a hand-out published online, coupled with a simple multiple-choice quiz . Hardly inspiring, let alone empowering. It is no longer the authority lecture but the conversation that is the emerging norm.
  • Not originally designed specifically for e-learning
  • Sharing wisdom from one � industry � (perhaps unrelated) to another – Changing how things get done Newspapers in trouble more and more contributors – when students contribute?
  • Social learning – not in lecture hall – study group/hallway more important a landscape of learning that is closer to our nature than the ranked, single voice classrooms so abundant in recent times. Rediscovering/finding how we naturally learn --not in timed segments in a regimented and pre-packaged way, but constantly, in conversation, in groups
  • social networks - lured them in , made a connection with users, easy accessibility. Blogs – regular person has access to web contributing/communication – wiki – insant publishing, multiple author publishing, colaborative publishing -
  • we’ve all seen myspace/facebook - not the end – they provide many tools together for interaction/community building . Ask any teenager about their online experience, and while they may not know a detailed definition of the phrase "Web 2.0," they are certainly living it . An older generation may have hung out at the mall , but now youth depend on social networking sites like MySpace, Facebook, and Bebo for socializing--which are actually just frameworks filled almost completely with user-created content .
  • the 'journal' format encourages students to keep a record of their thinking over time. introduces students with new methods of communicating, improving their writing, and helps motivate them to find their voice . Also, bloggers can gain an audience from their writing. Unlike a school paper, blog posts can recieve feedback from students, teachers, parents, and ultimately, anyone in the world .
  • wiki-supplementation and wiki-publication . textbooks are often dated by many years. teachers tell students not to use Wikipedia because information may not be accurate when anyone can edit the information, but at the same time, the school may not even own up to date prints. Wikipedia article for educators called, � Schools ’ FAQ , � covering the ins and outs of Wikipedia and how schools can benefit using Wikipedia.
  • Wikipedia actively encourages teachers to use Wikipedia in their classes providing students with hands on exercises involving editing and publishing content.
  • Take Stanford University for example where they have created Stanford on iTunes U for their students. Students can navigate to this site to subscribe to the Stanford U podcast on iTunes and receive faculty lectures, interviews, music and sports automatically on their computer and iPod . This allows the university to easily communicate and update students on school related events and content. anyone can open the page up on iTunes and listen, whether they are a student or not. anyone can access the Podcasts section in the iTunes Store and navigate to the educational category for free lessons and educational content. Secondly, schools interested in creating a podcast site similar to Stanford University can apply for iTunes U where iTunes will work with you in making your own iTunes U. Apple also provides a section called, Podcasting in Education , where you can learn more about podcasting
  • Flickr is a free photo sharing site which has made its way into education providing teachers and students with an easy way to upload and share photos on the web. Students can search for photos to help with research and projects and educators can upload photos for classes, school events, and so on. Flickr can being used in photography classes allowing students to keep an online portfolio of their work, share their photos with the world, and receive commentary from viewers and classmates.
  • As Web 2.0 is then brought into the classroom, the very nature of student work changes . When a student's work is seen , and commented on , and collaboratively enhanced by a larger participative audience , those students are drawn into extended educational "conversations .”. With the dawning of Web 2.0, these alternate forms of teaching and learning are now becoming the "native" forms for this age. Open education, open knowledge, and open resources are different faces of the Web 2.0 revolution in education.
  • Web20

    1. 1. Web 2.0 Tools that Teachers can Integrate to Enhance Teaching and Learning Pā ʻani Armstrong 5/10/2010
    2. 2. Preview of Today’s Presentation <ul><li>What is Web 2.0? </li></ul><ul><li>E-learning, Web 2.0 and their impact upon Education </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 tools </li></ul><ul><li>Changing Face of Education </li></ul>
    3. 3. Web 2.0?! Did I Miss Something? <ul><li>Web 1.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passive Users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Consumers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One-Way Medium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expert sources dispensing identical knowledge to a mass of identical consumers </li></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Web 2.0 <ul><li>Marketing catch-phrase </li></ul><ul><li>The phrase &quot;Web 2.0 &quot; originally described survivors of the “ dot com bubble burst” </li></ul><ul><li>Describes a significant transition in the use of the Internet </li></ul>
    5. 5. What’s Changed with Web 2.0? <ul><li>Ease of Use </li></ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainstream population become contributing, creating, and collaborating users. </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Web 2.0 Content <ul><li>Active two-way medium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Users Produce Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users Define Experience </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User created content provides almost all of the “value” for a website </li></ul>
    7. 7. Early Web 2.0 Information Evolution <ul><li>Amazon Reviews </li></ul><ul><li>BBS Bulletin Boards/Chatrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Forum Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Users start adding Content to the web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Posting Immediate Feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Changes nature of publishing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Way Transmission of information becomes a Conversation with others </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. History and Development of E-Learning <ul><li>Virtual Learning Environments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blackboard, WebCT, Laulima </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Structured around needs of the institution rather than the individual learner </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Timetables </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grading </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VLE software is often cumbersome and expensive </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. E-learning 2.0* <ul><li>“ Small Pieces, Loosely Joined” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discrete but complementary tools and web services combined to support learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social software </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>*Stephen Downes - Editor at Large of the International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning. </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Promise of E-learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-learning upsets the status quo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assumptions about the permanence, authority, and artificial scarcity of information are challenged </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More Personal </li></ul><ul><li>More Flexible </li></ul><ul><li>More Social </li></ul>Impact Upon Education
    11. 11. More Personal <ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Media-Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Social software </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher becomes a guide for student learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Empower students and create exciting new learning opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More flexibility to design for quality learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More interaction with more humans </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. More Flexible <ul><li>World is getting smaller </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teleconferencing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Podcasting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia/wiki </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of “ rare ” information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online tutoring/mentorship </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing of wisdo m blurring the divide between expert and layman </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Massive amounts of information - accelerating </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. More Social <ul><li>Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hargadon’s web 2.0 law “ the wisdom of the group replaces the expert ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion of an informed group can come to expert conclusions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Massive energy released when many have interest and access </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contributions of information shift from authority to transparency </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Authentic Learning <ul><li>Web 2.0 tools can help us rediscover our naturally cooperative, creative, and gregarious nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem-based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiential </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rediscovering how we naturally learn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constantly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serendipitously </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Textbook of a New Era <ul><li>The learning tools of this century and probably this millennium are not print-based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authority lecture becomes a conversation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The new textbook is student work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student generated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guided by the teacher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supported by the community </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. The New Toolbox <ul><li>Social Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia & Wikis </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Media Sharing </li></ul>
    17. 17. Social Networking <ul><li>Online Community Building Software </li></ul><ul><li>Youth of today “hang out” on Web 2.0 ( Myspace.com 200,000,000 users, Facebook.com 400,000,000 users) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easy accessibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tools for interaction, building community </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Questionable content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ning.com (Classroom 2.0 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>42,000 members interested in technology in education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How about 50,000 history or math teachers collaborating? How about 100,000 students? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Social Networking <ul><li>Encourages collaboration and engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meaningfully involve every student in something that is personally engaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Joint research projects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online discussion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>coauthored blog with other students around the world </li></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Blogging <ul><li>Electronic Journaling Software - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>blogger.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Removes the technical barriers to writing and publishing online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No set standards, no boundaries, no restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students can write freely, and at their own pace </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students can be themselves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comments can facilitate feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers, Parents, Peers, or Wider audience. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Wikipedia & Wikis <ul><li>Knowledge Management Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy creation and editing of web page content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wiki Accuracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can information be accurate when anyone can edit the information? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acceleration of Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How often does a school replace its textbooks? </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>Formal writing practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating articles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finding/Fixing errors in existing articles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Translating articles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Beneficial to both the student and community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students learn about the topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improve on their writing while Wikipedia gains more content </li></ul></ul>Wikipedia & Wikis
    22. 22. Podcasting <ul><li>Episodically delivered media - audio/video </li></ul><ul><ul><li>iTunes U </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhances student/teacher communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rich educational content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lectures/Presentations/Interviews </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School related News, Events and Content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Student-produced podcasts/Learner generated content </li></ul></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Media Sharing <ul><li>Flickr.com </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Publish digital photography to wide audience </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commenting functionality allows feedback </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Photo annotation functionality </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>hot-spot annotation to an image add notes to specific parts of a photo </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>video.google.com </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Video sharing, search </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commenting functionality </li></ul></ul></ul>
    24. 24. <ul><li>Learning is changing, how we educate must change too </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Factory model of education worked for producing successful factory workers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information age educational success requires developing skills in differentiation, collaboration, and creativity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open education movements: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>co-operative learning, problem-based learning, authentic learning, experiential learning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Alternatives” designed under the assumption that traditional classroom model was the norm. </li></ul></ul></ul>Changing Face of Education
    25. 25. Changing Face of Education <ul><li>Web 2.0 tools have the power to change the nature of student work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning through discovery and exploration of a problem based, experiential environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning becomes more personal, interactive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared with a wider community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboratively enhanced through peer, instructor, and community interaction </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Web 2.0 Resources <ul><li>http://www.classroom20.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.slideshare.net/SteveHargadon/web-20-is-the-future-of-education </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.slideshare.net/lwright3768/changing-education-with-web-20-tools </li></ul><ul><li>http://web20ineducation.wikispaces.com/Intro </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/e-learning_20.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://campustechnology.com/articles/2009/04/15/why-web-2.0-is-important-to-higher-education.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.stevehargadon.com/2008/03/web-20-is-future-of-education.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wikipedia.org </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 Tools </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.solutionwatch.com/512/back-to-school-with-the-class-of-web-20-part-1/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schrockguide/edtools.html </li></ul>
    27. 27. Mahalo Nui