#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
How Placemaking Can TransformTransit Facilities into Vibrant Destinationsthat Support Biking and WalkingPresented by Cynthia Nikitin, Senior VP PPS Long Beach, CAPro Walk Pro Bike Pro Place September 12 2012
We shape our buildings and thereafter,our buildings shape us. – Winston Churchill
We shape our transportation systems andthereafter, our transportation shapes us.— Transportation and Livable Communities Consortium
Key AttributesWhat Makes a Great Transit Place? Intangibles Measurements street life business ownership evening use property values volunteerism land-use patterns Fun retail sales Welcoming Cooperative Active Vital Neighborly Special Real sociability uses & activities PLACE access & linkages comfort & image Connected Safe Walkable Charm Clean Convenient Attractive Accessible Historic crime statstransit usage sanitation ratingpedestrian activity building conditionsparking usage patterns environmental data
What is Placemaking?Placemaking is a process that fosters the creation ofvital, multi-use public destinations. These multi-usedestinations are not defined just by architecture ordesign features, but rather by the public uses andactivities that engage peoples participation within hespace and encourage them to return again and again.Placemaking leverages the investments in existinginfrastructure as well as a broad range of localassets. Through the combination of lower-cost, shortterm physical improvements, combined with publicspace programming, the use and perception of publicspace can be transformed.
Bus, rail, and light rail stations function as2 community destinations.
Transit facilities are programmed as venues for a wide3Portland, OR range of community activities and events.
A variety of amenities and retail are provided, such as 4 news/sundry stands, coffee carts, comfortable seating, restrooms, and information kiosks that serve residents andBradley Beach, NJ commuters alike.
Amenities are clustered together in centralized areas to5 create synergy, enhance their impact, and maximize use.Belmont, CA
The transit facility is attractive and visible from a6 distance.
Design Great Boulevardsand Transit-Friendly Streets Roads, streets, and transit stops are public spaces and places that can benefit communities socially, economically, and environmentally.
Transit planned as part of a transportation system linked to the street networkFrom Indianapolis Region Multimodal Corridor and Public Space Design Guidelines
Transit Links and is Integrated into20 Community Anchors and Destinations
What is Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)?Approach to areas aroundexisting and new transit that – Helps communities control and shape growth – Is sensitive to existing neighborhood character – Is connected to regional employment centers – Creates local jobs and a stronger tax base – Is built through Bethesda, MD collaborative partnerships
What it is not• "One size fits all"• Only high-density housing• Only targeted to certain market segments• Disruptive of existing historic centers
Components of Transit-Oriented Development• Walkable Neighborhoods• Accessible Mix of Uses• Travel Options• Quality Public Spaces• Community Engagement Village of West Clay, IN
TOD Opportunities from the Community Perspective• Lower Housing and Transportation Costs• Jobs and Value Premiums• Preservation of Community Identity• Social Engagement• Public and Environmental Health• Multi-Generational Communities South Orange, NJ Train Station
TOD Opportunities from the Municipal Perspective• Economic Development and Expanded Tax Base• Congestion Mitigation• Reduced Greenhouse Gas Emissions• Air Quality Improvements Tuckahoe, NY• Open Space Preservation• Efficient Transportation Investments
Implementing TOD Community engagement and visioning• Station Area and • Capital improvement Development Plans plans• Community benefits • Programming and agreements management Private investment in Public investment existing places and in transit, streets, new development parks • TOD Zoning • Joint Development • Financing tools (IDA, TIF)
Benefits of Transit-Oriented Development1. Economic Development2. Lower Housing and Transportation Costs3. Placemaking4. Environmental and Public Health5. Community and Historic Preservation6. Meet Market Demand7. Improved Transportation System Performance8. Transportation Choice
Benefits of a Placemaking Approach forCommunity Supportive Transit• Transit stations become community assets and destinations• Pressure to increase parking capacity is reduced• Station areas become more desirable as places to live and operate businesses• Ridership increases – alleviating auto dependence• Real estate near train stations becomes more valuable• Opportunities for partnering with other agencies, cities and civic groups• A sense of ownership is generated in the community• Transit investments and assets are leveraged to achieve community benefits