How Placemaking Can TransformTransit Facilities into Vibrant Destinationsthat Support Biking and WalkingPresented by Cynth...
We shape our buildings and thereafter,our buildings shape us. – Winston Churchill
We shape our transportation systems andthereafter, our transportation shapes us.— Transportation and Livable Communities C...
Key AttributesWhat Makes a Great Transit Place?                        Intangibles                                        ...
What is Placemaking?Placemaking is a process that fosters the creation ofvital, multi-use public destinations. These multi...
Community/Place Driven Approach
The PlacemakingProcess aroundTransportation
Before   After
Community Destination andTransit Route Mapping
Walk-It Audit
Place Imagination Exercise
Digital Placemaking Applications
Place Evaluation Exercise:Place Game and Place Audit
Twenty Strategies      For Thinking Beyond the Station:  Building Walkable Places Around Transit
Design, Build & Manage Stations           as Places            Rail stations and bus stops can            serve as communi...
Transit facilities are active, attractive, community public1   spaces that attract people on a regular basis, at various  ...
San Bruno, CA
orpus Christi, TX
Bus, rail, and light rail stations function as2   community destinations.
Transit facilities are programmed as venues for a wide3Portland, OR         range of community activities and events.
A variety of amenities and retail are provided, such as  4                   news/sundry stands, coffee carts, comfortable...
Amenities are clustered together in centralized areas to5        create synergy, enhance their impact, and maximize use.Be...
The transit facility is attractive and visible from a6   distance.
Design Great Boulevardsand Transit-Friendly Streets           Roads, streets, and transit stops           are public space...
Transit planned as part of a transportation             system linked to the street networkFrom Indianapolis Region Multim...
Supporting Community and Mobility
Supporting Community and Mobility
New Manuals Add Context in                       PROJECT FOR PUBLIC SPACES
Roadways adjacent to transit facilities are13       pedestrian-friendly boulevards.
Transferring between train, buses, and cars is both14                convenient and pleasant.
There are safe and pleasant ways for pedestrians and15   bicyclists to reach the station - from many directions.
Streets that connect neighborhoods to transit16          facilities are attractive, comfortable, and safe            feeli...
Signage and information helps people find their way17      to the correct bus or train and destination, and          promo...
Grade-separation projects create connections, rather18San Carlos, CA           than barriers, within a community.
19   Neighborhoods are inclusive and     accessible to all
Portland, OR
Transit Links and is Integrated into20   Community Anchors and Destinations
What is     Transit-Oriented Development                 (TOD)?Approach to areas aroundexisting and new transit that – Hel...
What it is not• "One size fits all"• Only high-density housing• Only targeted to certain  market segments• Disruptive of e...
Components of Transit-Oriented          Development• Walkable  Neighborhoods• Accessible Mix of  Uses• Travel Options• Qua...
TOD Opportunities from the     Community Perspective• Lower Housing and  Transportation Costs• Jobs and Value Premiums• Pr...
TOD Opportunities from the      Municipal Perspective• Economic Development  and Expanded Tax  Base• Congestion Mitigation...
Implementing TOD                        Community                       engagement                       and visioning• St...
Benefits of Transit-Oriented            Development1.   Economic Development2.   Lower Housing and Transportation Costs3. ...
Benefits of a Placemaking Approach forCommunity Supportive Transit• Transit stations become community assets and destinati...
www.pps.org    @CynthiaNikitin    Cnikitin@pps.org
#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin
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#43 How Placemaking Can Transform Transit Stations and Institutions into Vibrant, Multimodal Public Spaces - Nikitin

  1. 1. How Placemaking Can TransformTransit Facilities into Vibrant Destinationsthat Support Biking and WalkingPresented by Cynthia Nikitin, Senior VP PPS Long Beach, CAPro Walk Pro Bike Pro Place September 12 2012
  2. 2. We shape our buildings and thereafter,our buildings shape us. – Winston Churchill
  3. 3. We shape our transportation systems andthereafter, our transportation shapes us.— Transportation and Livable Communities Consortium
  4. 4. Key AttributesWhat Makes a Great Transit Place? Intangibles Measurements street life business ownership evening use property values volunteerism land-use patterns Fun retail sales Welcoming Cooperative Active Vital Neighborly Special Real sociability uses & activities PLACE access & linkages comfort & image Connected Safe Walkable Charm Clean Convenient Attractive Accessible Historic crime statstransit usage sanitation ratingpedestrian activity building conditionsparking usage patterns environmental data
  5. 5. What is Placemaking?Placemaking is a process that fosters the creation ofvital, multi-use public destinations. These multi-usedestinations are not defined just by architecture ordesign features, but rather by the public uses andactivities that engage peoples participation within hespace and encourage them to return again and again.Placemaking leverages the investments in existinginfrastructure as well as a broad range of localassets. Through the combination of lower-cost, shortterm physical improvements, combined with publicspace programming, the use and perception of publicspace can be transformed.
  6. 6. Community/Place Driven Approach
  7. 7. The PlacemakingProcess aroundTransportation
  8. 8. Before After
  9. 9. Community Destination andTransit Route Mapping
  10. 10. Walk-It Audit
  11. 11. Place Imagination Exercise
  12. 12. Digital Placemaking Applications
  13. 13. Place Evaluation Exercise:Place Game and Place Audit
  14. 14. Twenty Strategies For Thinking Beyond the Station: Building Walkable Places Around Transit
  15. 15. Design, Build & Manage Stations as Places Rail stations and bus stops can serve as community focal points while providing a safe, comfortable, and attractive experience for transit passengers
  16. 16. Transit facilities are active, attractive, community public1 spaces that attract people on a regular basis, at various times of day, and days of week.
  17. 17. San Bruno, CA
  18. 18. orpus Christi, TX
  19. 19. Bus, rail, and light rail stations function as2 community destinations.
  20. 20. Transit facilities are programmed as venues for a wide3Portland, OR range of community activities and events.
  21. 21. A variety of amenities and retail are provided, such as 4 news/sundry stands, coffee carts, comfortable seating, restrooms, and information kiosks that serve residents andBradley Beach, NJ commuters alike.
  22. 22. Amenities are clustered together in centralized areas to5 create synergy, enhance their impact, and maximize use.Belmont, CA
  23. 23. The transit facility is attractive and visible from a6 distance.
  24. 24. Design Great Boulevardsand Transit-Friendly Streets Roads, streets, and transit stops are public spaces and places that can benefit communities socially, economically, and environmentally.
  25. 25. Transit planned as part of a transportation system linked to the street networkFrom Indianapolis Region Multimodal Corridor and Public Space Design Guidelines
  26. 26. Supporting Community and Mobility
  27. 27. Supporting Community and Mobility
  28. 28. New Manuals Add Context in PROJECT FOR PUBLIC SPACES
  29. 29. Roadways adjacent to transit facilities are13 pedestrian-friendly boulevards.
  30. 30. Transferring between train, buses, and cars is both14 convenient and pleasant.
  31. 31. There are safe and pleasant ways for pedestrians and15 bicyclists to reach the station - from many directions.
  32. 32. Streets that connect neighborhoods to transit16 facilities are attractive, comfortable, and safe feeling.Colma, CA
  33. 33. Signage and information helps people find their way17 to the correct bus or train and destination, and promotes local businesses and attractions.
  34. 34. Grade-separation projects create connections, rather18San Carlos, CA than barriers, within a community.
  35. 35. 19 Neighborhoods are inclusive and accessible to all
  36. 36. Portland, OR
  37. 37. Transit Links and is Integrated into20 Community Anchors and Destinations
  38. 38. What is Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)?Approach to areas aroundexisting and new transit that – Helps communities control and shape growth – Is sensitive to existing neighborhood character – Is connected to regional employment centers – Creates local jobs and a stronger tax base – Is built through Bethesda, MD collaborative partnerships
  39. 39. What it is not• "One size fits all"• Only high-density housing• Only targeted to certain market segments• Disruptive of existing historic centers
  40. 40. Components of Transit-Oriented Development• Walkable Neighborhoods• Accessible Mix of Uses• Travel Options• Quality Public Spaces• Community Engagement Village of West Clay, IN
  41. 41. TOD Opportunities from the Community Perspective• Lower Housing and Transportation Costs• Jobs and Value Premiums• Preservation of Community Identity• Social Engagement• Public and Environmental Health• Multi-Generational Communities South Orange, NJ Train Station
  42. 42. TOD Opportunities from the Municipal Perspective• Economic Development and Expanded Tax Base• Congestion Mitigation• Reduced Greenhouse Gas Emissions• Air Quality Improvements Tuckahoe, NY• Open Space Preservation• Efficient Transportation Investments
  43. 43. Implementing TOD Community engagement and visioning• Station Area and • Capital improvement Development Plans plans• Community benefits • Programming and agreements management Private investment in Public investment existing places and in transit, streets, new development parks • TOD Zoning • Joint Development • Financing tools (IDA, TIF)
  44. 44. Benefits of Transit-Oriented Development1. Economic Development2. Lower Housing and Transportation Costs3. Placemaking4. Environmental and Public Health5. Community and Historic Preservation6. Meet Market Demand7. Improved Transportation System Performance8. Transportation Choice
  45. 45. Benefits of a Placemaking Approach forCommunity Supportive Transit• Transit stations become community assets and destinations• Pressure to increase parking capacity is reduced• Station areas become more desirable as places to live and operate businesses• Ridership increases – alleviating auto dependence• Real estate near train stations becomes more valuable• Opportunities for partnering with other agencies, cities and civic groups• A sense of ownership is generated in the community• Transit investments and assets are leveraged to achieve community benefits
  46. 46. www.pps.org @CynthiaNikitin Cnikitin@pps.org

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