PowerPoints& Video Clipsa guide to using electronic visual aids
Visual Aids Review• MUST have visual aid for informative speech!• Could be:– Objects to display– Poster– PowerPoint– Video– Multimedia: a combination of above
Visual Aids Review (cont.)• LARGE font, LARGE photos• Easy to read• Object too big or small? Make model• Effective use of color• Seen easily from back of room
Know Your Plan• Never make PowerPoint before writing speech• Content should drive PowerPoint• Plan slide content before making it
One Thing at a Time• We instantly read words put up on a screen.• If you have the next four points listed, theaudience will read ahead of you.• Then they won’t be focused on your speech oron you.• You’ve now lost their attention.• Your speech isn’t going to be effective.• (When you read this line, raise your hand.)
One Thing at a Time (cont.)• Reveal one point at a time.• Put charts/photos on separate slides.• Your JOB is to control the flow of info.
Paragraph v. Point• Most people think their PowerPoints have to be stand-alone documents so they put the entire text of theirspeech on the PowerPoint. Congratulations. You’vejust caused your audience to die of boredom. YourPowerPoint slides are illustrations of your presentation,meant to enhance your text. The PowerPoint is not apresentation all by itself. The audience should have topay attention to YOU to learn about your topic. Tryingto read the paragraph you wrote distracts them frombeing attentive to you, creates a listening barrier, isn’tpleasant to look at, and makes it hard for them to tuneback into you when they’re done reading. You get thepoint.
Paragraph v. Point (cont.)• Not a stand-alone document• Meant to enhance, not replace• Audience watches YOU, not PowerPoint• 6x6 Rule:–Six or less lines of text–Six or less words per line
Background Designs• Busy backgrounds look cool….• ….but it’s really hard to read anything on it!
Background (Cont.)• Dark text color• Light background• Easiest on eyes• Dark background?Harder on eyes!• Use slightly largerfont size• Light text color
• Align points LEFT or RIGHT• Center• alignment• looks• amateur• Use an easy-to-read font:– Calibri, Arial, Helvetica
Photos• Avoid clip art (seen it already!)• One photo per slide– Two photos only if comparing/contrasting• Keeps slide clean, uncluttered
One Idea Per Slide• Focus each slide on one narrow idea–i.e. one main point or detail–Not all info needs a slide!
One Idea Per Slide (cont.)• Support ideas with graphics, not text• EXAMPLE:– 65% of students learn from graphics and words– 38% of students learn from words only• E-Learning and the Science of Instruction, Clarke
Have a Back-Up Plan!• Technology doesn’t always work• Save on flashdrive• Save to an email account• Print slides on full pages (elmo)
Video Clips• Approx. 45 seconds• Test links during SET-UP• Clip shouldn’t speak for itself• Link to speech before, after, and maybe during– Why are we watching?– What should we notice?https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lExW80sXsHs