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Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis
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Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis

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by Samantha Becker

by Samantha Becker

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  • 1. Graduate Information Programs and Accreditation: Landscape Survey and Analysis ASIS&T Information Professions Accreditation Meeting September 9, 2008 Washington, D.C. Samantha Becker MLIS Candidate | The Information School MPA Candidate | Evans School of Public Affairs University of Washington
  • 2. Methodology <ul><li>2008 Peterson’s Graduate and Professional Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>surveyed annually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>accredited by USDE or CHEA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 volumes, 491 disciplinary fields </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Looked for programs with keywords </li></ul><ul><ul><li>information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>informatics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>human-computer interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge management </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. Methodology <ul><li>Visited websites of about ½ of the programs </li></ul><ul><li>Built database with </li></ul><ul><ul><li>institution name </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>administrative unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>degree(s) offered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>title of major or concentration area </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. Example <ul><li>University of Oklahoma, Graduate College, College of Arts and Sciences, School of Library and Information Studies, Program in Library and Information Studies, Norman, OK 73019-0390. Offers knowledge management (MS); library and information studies (MLIS); school library media specialist (certificate); M Ed/MLIS; MBA/MLIS. </li></ul>
  • 5. Key Findings <ul><li>Approximately 900 information-related master’s degrees </li></ul><ul><li>Offered in 468 colleges and universities </li></ul><ul><li>220 distinct majors or concentration areas </li></ul><ul><li>Most frequent majors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>information systems (93) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>management information systems (93) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information technology (57) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bioinformatics (51) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>library and information science (43) </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Key Findings <ul><ul><li>1/3 of academic units on the computer  information science spectrum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1/3 bio- and health sciences, library science, public administration, communications, &amp; education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1/3 in academic units focused on business </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Academic Units <ul><li>Found programs spread across 500 academic units </li></ul><ul><li>The highest administrative unit for 85% of programs was a school, college, or faculty </li></ul><ul><li>30% of colleges and universities have information programs in more than one unit </li></ul>
  • 8. Academic Units <ul><li>Larger institutions tend to have stand-alone departments concerned with information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduate schools have mostly an administrative function </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Medium sized institutions tend to have information programs in 2 nd level departments, mostly within colleges of arts &amp; science </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller institutions often have graduate schools that encompass all master’s level programs </li></ul>
  • 9. Major Disciplinary Areas
  • 10. Information Disciplines Bates, M.J. (2007). &amp;quot;Defining the information disciplines in encyclopedia development&amp;quot; Information Research , 12 (4) paper colis29. [Available at http://InformationR.net/ir/12-4/colis/colis29.html]
  • 11. Computer  Information Science Spectrum <ul><li>350 programs in computer technology fields </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information science </li></ul></ul>
  • 12. Program Types <ul><li>220 majors or concentration areas </li></ul><ul><li>Top 17 account for 60% of programs </li></ul><ul><li>Split professional degrees/master of science </li></ul><ul><li>12-24 month completion </li></ul><ul><li>Internships or professional experience often required </li></ul><ul><li>Capstone projects emphasized; fewer w/thesis requirements </li></ul>
  • 13. Program Types <ul><li>4 major categories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>information systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informatics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information science </li></ul></ul>
  • 14. Information Systems <ul><li>205 colleges and universities </li></ul><ul><li>305 programs </li></ul><ul><li>Majors/concentrations include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>information systems (93) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>management information systems (93) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>computer information systems (34) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information systems management (12) </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. Information Systems <ul><li>Program focus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>analysis, design, and implementation of information systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>data management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>project management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>strategic management and use of information technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Differences mostly in level of technical preparation </li></ul>
  • 16. Informatics <ul><li>106 programs </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on the use of information within specific disciplines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>biology/genetics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>health/medical sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chemistry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>media </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. Informatics <ul><li>Bioinformatics/biomedical informatics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>53 programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15 in academic units with biology focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>11 in medical schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>curricula includes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>advanced life sciences </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>design and implementation of information systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>statistical modeling and analysis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>many interested in managing and analyzing data from genetic research </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 18. Informatics <ul><li>Health informatics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 colleges and universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2/3 in medical, nursing, or health sciences units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>34 programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>health informatics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>medical informatics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>nursing informatics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emphasizing use of information for evaluation of patient outcomes </li></ul></ul>
  • 19. Information Technology <ul><li>95 colleges and universities </li></ul><ul><li>118 programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>45% in business schools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Majors/concentrations include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>information technology (57) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information technology management (22) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>59 master of science degrees </li></ul><ul><li>35 MBA </li></ul>
  • 20. Information Technology <ul><li>Program focus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>managing technology projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>databases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e-commerce systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>computer networks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>decision support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>also business topics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>accounting, organizational development </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 21. Information Science <ul><li>84 colleges/universities </li></ul><ul><li>98 programs </li></ul><ul><li>Majors/concentrations include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>library and information science (43) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>computer and information science (26) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information science (11) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information studies (6) </li></ul></ul>
  • 22. Information Science <ul><li>Library and information science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ALA accredited </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>those within iCaucus schools have less emphasis on traditional library subjects (cataloging, reference services, collection development) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer and information science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>more emphasis on infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>architecture, networking, software engineering </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 23. Information Science <ul><li>Information science/information studies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>more general or theoretical approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emphasize human-computer interaction, information organization, information behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>relatively small portion of information graduate school universe </li></ul></ul>
  • 24. Other Program Areas <ul><li>Information security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>some designated as National Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance by the NSA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emphasize cryptography, digital forensics, risk analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E-Business/E-Commerce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>23 programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>18 MBA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emphasize design and implementation of electronic commerce applications </li></ul></ul>
  • 25. Accreditation Agencies <ul><li>Two types of accrediting agencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>regional and national </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>accredit entire institutions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>specialized agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>accredit particular programs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 26. Relevant Specialized Agencies <ul><li>American Library Association (ALA) </li></ul><ul><li>Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) </li></ul><ul><li>Association of Collegiate Business Schools and Programs (ACBSP) </li></ul><ul><li>Accrediting Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) </li></ul>
  • 27. Recommendations <ul><li>Clarify the need for and purpose of a new accrediting agency </li></ul><ul><li>Complement existing accrediting agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Define the scope along the computer  information spectrum </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on domain-specific programs, especially business programs </li></ul>

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