Sharad Mohindru at Shaping Transportation: Case Study Delhi

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Delhi Integrated Multi-Modal Transit System (DIMTS) is an urban transport and infrastructure development company committed to build and deliver quality infrastructure. It is an equal equity joint venture of Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Infrastructure Development Finance Company with a focus on urban transportation. Over the years, DIMTS has evolved and is now equipped to provide concept to commissioning as well as operations, management and maintenance services. This presentation will demonstrate how Delhi is moving forward to make the city’s transport more sustainable.
To do so Delhi is focusing on improving the public transport system. One of the major initiatives is the improvement of the bus system. The target is to create a smart and intelligent system by using new technologies to monitor the bus services, to increase passenger information and to analyse revenues and trip details. Moreover social aspects of transport are gaining in importance: The idea is to make the system more accessible and better for employees. Context-sensitive planning is one key to reach this.

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Sharad Mohindru at Shaping Transportation: Case Study Delhi

  1. 1. PTV User Group Meeting, London 18.06.13 Inching Towards Sustainable Urban Transport – Case Delhi Presented By: Sharad Mohindru Sr. Manager (Transport Planning Group)
  2. 2. Presentation Structure DIMTS – Company Intro Part - I • Setting the scene Part-II • Existing Issues Part - III • Sustainable Urban Transport (SUT) Part - IV • Addressing the issues & DIMTS Role in SUT
  3. 3. DIMTS Company Intro Delhi Integrated Multi Modal Transit System Ltd. (DIMTS)
  4. 4. Transport Planning • Comprehensive mobility planning • Traffic simulation • Traffic and transportation planning • Route Rationalization • Design and Feasibility Studies • High speed Rail corridors • Mumbai Mono Rail • Bus Rapid Transit Corridor Design • Personal Rapid Transit • Railway station, bus terminal. Advisory services • Bus corporatization scheme • Inter State Bus Terminal development • Procurement services • Bus Shelters Transport Technologies • Asset tracking and fleet management • Automatic Fare Collection • Intelligent Signaling System • Electronic Toll Collection Engineering • Project Management • Construction • Design • Multi-level parking • Railways • Bus Depot Transport Operations • Bus Rapid Transit Corridor Management • Driving License management • Bus operations as Integrated Mechanism Company Overview  DIMTS is 50:50 Joint Venture of  Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD), and  IDFC Foundation (non-profit company)  To provide expert services in urban transport & infrastructure development  We are one of the largest Transport Planning Team in India  We use Modern Softwares & Tools for the project delivery
  5. 5. Delhi Integrated Multi Modal Transit System Ltd. (DIMTS)
  6. 6. End to End Solutions in Transportation Sector “Concept to Commissioning with Asset and Operation Management Services” in Urban Transit Range Of Solutions Transaction Advisory Turnkey Engineering Services & IT enabling initiatives Asset & Operations Management Services Project Concessionaire 28 140 138 6 139 201 134 8 202 133 176 18 19 17 15 271 50 545522 1423 11 10 515224 56 269 1245 7253 7168 78 6663 6764 70 59 7762 65 43 24869 23924761 9 57 103 7499 23375 76 122 95 91 22990101 88 7985 116 105 98106 149 89 124 81112113 224 110 219 215 129 130 168 155 205158 159167165 193160 163 194192 144 200196 170 181 186 190 147 148 120 39 94 187 220 262 118128 119 2922 294 1 295 298 296 297 300 3 299 311 27 310 309 308307 26 312 313 272 350 342 225 346 227275 273 274 277 278 282 281 283 284324 143 328 135 320 207340 208 341 197 338 206 339 150 329 5 109 117 290 286 291 288 289 287 171 212211 4 7 80 356 333 352 153 154 334 330 354 276 279 351280 355 332 161331 173 335 325 141 326 327 357 321 136 323 322 32 315 44 25 305 304 21 303 347 228 241 359 360 13 316 318 121 185 179 178 177 174 175 172 336 189 191 169 184 137 319 285 111125 123 5842 41 48 33 36 34 35 29 30 306 49 223 100 97 145 188 263 266 264 198 199 216 214
  7. 7. Detail Feasibility Study of Delhi Mono Rail. Feasibility Study of Mono Rail in Mumbai. Feasibility Study for Bangalore Personal Rapid Transit System – Delhi Personal Rapid Transit System - Mumbai Rapid Rail - Delhi Ghaziabad Meerut Rapid Rail - Delhi Sonipat Panipat Light Rail Transit for Delhi Mono Rail Rapid Rail Light Rail Personal Rapid Transit Feasibility & Detailed Engineering of Mass Rapid Projects Detailed Engineering & Infrastructure Projects Renovation of Interstate Bus Terminus at Kashmere Gate, Anand Vihar, Sarai Kale Khan. PMC for Bus Q Shelters in Delhi Intelligent Transport System, AVL, AFCS, ISS, Control Room Route Rationalization, Bus Management Operation and Maintenance of BRT Corridor Bus Terminal & BQS ITS & Control Centre O& M of BRT corridor AWARDS • 2008 (Intl. Asso. of Public Tpt) • 2009 (Ministry of Urban Devp.) • 2010 (Solution for our Future Awards – Shanghai Expo 2010) • 2010 (Urban Mobility Conference – IUT) • Best NMT – Green Bike
  8. 8. Part @ 1 Setting an example
  9. 9. Setting the Scene - Ideal vs Actual Wake up Jogging Drop to school Go to office Go to evening leisure Reach home happily
  10. 10. Part @ 2 Existing Issues
  11. 11. WE all love to move, travel, discover… by different ways and modes…
  12. 12. Is My City’s Pollution Free Can I Travel Freely Safely ? Where are the parks? Where is the public realm? Where do people gather? How do you go place to place? How do you go to market? How does a child visit a friend? How do we travel for evening leisure? City Planning Impact our Lives….
  13. 13. What is the true picture???
  14. 14. Is it a walk able street at 440 C? How to catch a bus? From where can I get a Metro?
  15. 15. Where can I rest? Where is the comfort? Can we have a surface level crossing? Where is the SPACE ? S P A C E
  16. 16. S >> Safety Defining : SPACE
  17. 17. “I want to take the shortest route” Defining : SPACE
  18. 18. P >> Priority Defining : SPACE “Priority for whom?”
  19. 19. Defining : SPACE A >> Accessible
  20. 20. C >> Comfort Defining : SPACE Pedestrian overpasses - an uncomfortable affair
  21. 21. E >> Enjoyable Is it Enjoyable? Defining : SPACE
  22. 22. Defining : SPACE E = Enforcement Whose area is Footpath? Where is the footpath?
  23. 23. Transportation? Traffic: vehicle movement and speed Mobility: Efficient movement of people and goods Accessibility: ability to reach destination conveniently
  24. 24. Do We Analyze our Investments? Why we cannot build our way out of traffic?
  25. 25. In Delhi, private vehicles carry < 20% people & yet roads are choked 27 Is Transport Investment Moving in Right Direction…?
  26. 26. 10.3% 17.2% 3.1% 59.8% 0.0% 0.7% 5.3% 3.6% 13.9% 21.5% 3.6% 41.5% 4.1% 0.7% 6.8% 7.9% Car/Taxi Two Wheelers Auto Rickshaw Bus Metro Train (IR) Bicycle Cycle Rickshaws In last 8 years, Bus ridership has decreased by 17%, Declining share of public transport 2000-01 2007-08 Modal Split in Delhi, 2001 – 2008 (Figures in Percentage) Source: RITES Study 2008
  27. 27. We added 50 Flyovers in last 10 years… …….for what?????
  28. 28. The Traffic Story – Delhi… Hindustan Times New Delhi, October 24, 2012 Total population of 16.8 million – with an annual growth rate of 4%
  29. 29. Thrust towards Private Vehicle ownership  7.2 million vehicles in the city, of which more than two thirds are motorcycles.  1,400 vehicles added daily. 0 200000 400000 600000 800000 1000000 1200000 1400000 1600000 1800000 2000000 2200000 2400000 2600000 2800000 3000000 3200000 3400000 3600000 3800000 4000000 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 NO.OFVEHICLESREGISTERED Two Wheelers Cars Three-wheelers Buses and Other Heavy vehicles Vehicle Ownership – Delhi, 1981-2008 (Figures in Percent) Source: Transport Department, GNCTD Years (1981-2008) NumberofVehicles One of the highest road densities in India.
  30. 30. • Population per sq. km in Delhi is less compared to other cities like Hong Kong, Seoul and Paris (City) which are more densely populated. • Road space as percentage of total land area is 21% in Delhi. • Present road length- 33,000 Kms with limited expansion possibilities. 30,100 24,500 24,448 13,930 9,340 10,400 Hong Kong Seoul Paris (City) Delhi (Urban) Delhi (Whole) Tokyo 21% 13% 13% 12% 11% 11% Delhi Tokyo Munich Hong Kong Paris Bangkok Road Space as Percentage of Total Area Delhi is developing urban sprawl Delhi Vs. Other World Cities World Cities - Population per sq. km. 33
  31. 31. Environmental problems Economic problems Social problems Outcomes - Automobile Dependent Cities?
  32. 32. Over time, achieving greater sustainability in transport means... ... investing in schemes and initiatives that improve accessibility. Can Something be done? Delhi BRT
  33. 33. Part @ 3 Sustainable Urban Transport
  34. 34. Vision for City Master Plan
  35. 35. Sustainable Transportation Policy Walk First Pedal Next Public Transport Motor Vehicles 1 2 3 4
  36. 36. Main Components of Sustainable Transport • Public Transport with priority over all other modes on the road • Non-motorised transport • Creating/conserving public space • PT Integration • TDM measures
  37. 37. National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) Is this ever possible? • Integrating land use and transport planning • Equitable allocation of road space • Priority to the use of public transport • Quality and pricing of Public Transport • Technologies for Public Transport • Integrated public transport systems • Role of para-transit • Priority to non-motorized transport • Parking • Use of cleaner technologies • Innovative financing mechanisms using land as a resource • Association of the private sector
  38. 38. Part @ 4 Addressing the issues
  39. 39. Missing Link… • Nearly 100% of trips to a bus stops start and end on foot. • 78% of trips from a metro station are walk trips. • 12% of trips to a metro station use cycle rickshaws. • 35% of trips are walk only trips. • 12.5% of trips are by bicycles. 42 Both reducing demand for ‘hard’ infrastructure and saving money Public Transport trips are multi-modal, usually involve non-motorized travel at either end of the journey. Without Integration With Integration Less Probable Journey
  40. 40. Project Showcase How DIMTS is contributing…
  41. 41. Transport Demand Forecast Study 44 • DIMTS, on behalf of Transport Department, commissioned “Transport Demand Forecast Study” in 2008. – To develop a Transport Demand Forecast Model and Identification of a Road cum Public Transport Network to meet the city demand by 2021 & beyond. – The study identified a total length of 583.4 kms for the development of different public transport systems: Metro 148.2 kms BRT 394.9 kms Mono Rail 40.3 kms
  42. 42. BAKHTAWARPUR KARAWAL NAGAR CHILLA RAJOKARI KHAIRA GOPALNAGAR IBRAHIMPUR NAJAFGARH CHHAWLA DILSHAD GARDEN AIRPORT ISBT BADARPUR TO GURGAON DELHI BORDER (BAHADURGARH) KANJHAWALA BAWANA TO NOIDA ANAND VIHAR ISBT (TO VAISHALI) GOKALPURI MUKUNDPUR ROHINI SEC-21 MUNDKA DABRI MOD DWARKA JASOLA AMBEDKAR NAGAR VASANT KUNJ MEHRAULI KAPASHERA GULABIBAGH IG STADIUM DHAULAKUAN CENTRAL SECTT NARELA RAJEEV CHOWK KALINDI KUNJ JASOLA PUTHKHURD ARJANGARH (TO GURGAON) KONDALI METRO MONORAIL BRT INTERCHANGE Recommended Integrated Public Transport Network Approximate Cost – Rs. 462.7 Billion
  43. 43. Bus Cluster Operations & Route Rationalisation • Re-grouped the 657 routes of Delhi into 17 clusters using digital models. • Operating buses under first five clusters. • Frequently testing the efficiency of bus operations to cater to majority of public using strategic model. • Advisory to Transport Department and Delhi Transportation Corporation (DTC) for any modifications in bus routes and operations.
  44. 44. Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) System DIMTS has developed an automatic vehicle tracking and fleet management solution known as the Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) System. The system is being installed in buses in Delhi. The buses can now be tracked and their expected arrival time conveyed to passengers at bus stops. AVL Dashboard Route-wise TrackingHistory Tracking
  45. 45. - Real Time Fleet Monitoring implemented and live in 4000 low- floor DTC buses - Real Time Fleet Monitoring implemented and live in 520 Cluster buses - Tracking of Over 20000 GPS fitted Auto’s in Delhi Vehicle Tracking System (VTS)
  46. 46. Transit Oriented Development • Four corridors identified under Phase-1 of TOD along metro line. • Testing the effects of various Urban Forms on Travel Variables, customized to Delhi context. • Selecting the best land-use mix and network density for the study area based on station typology.
  47. 47. Pedestrian Walkable Streets
  48. 48. Pedestrian Walkable Streets
  49. 49. Multi Modal Centre • Integrating - • RRTS, • Local & Inter state Terminal, • Metro, • Railway • Regional Rapid Transit System Corridors • Planning of Railway station Interstate Bus Terminal • Anand Vihar – Redevelopment • Sarai Kale Khan – Redevelopment • Kashmere Gate – Redevelopment Conceptual – Detailing - Execution
  50. 50. Parameters Alt -1 Alt-2 Traffic & Connectivity Engineering Cost Environment/ Heritage Score 28 140 138 6 139 201 134 8 202 133 176 18 19 17 15 271 50 545522 1423 11 10 515224 56 269 1245 7253 7168 78 6663 6764 70 59 7762 65 43 24869 23924761 9 57 103 7499 23375 76 122 95 91 22990101 88 7985 116 105 98106 149 89 124 81112113 224 110 219 215 129 130 168 155 205158 159167165 193160 163 194192 144 200196 170 181 186 190 147 148 120 39 94 187 220 262 118128 119 2922 294 1 295 298 296 297 300 3 299 311 27 310 309 308307 26 312 313 272 350 342 225 346 227275 273 274 277 278 282 281 283 284324 143 328 135 320 207340 208 341 197 338 206 339 150 329 5 109 117 290 286 291 288 289 287 171 212211 4 7 80 356 333 352 153 154 334 330 354 276 279 351280 355 332 161331 173 335 325 141 326 327 357 321 136 323 322 32 315 44 25 305 304 21 303 347 228 241 359 360 13 316 318 121 185 179 178 177 174 175 172 336 189 191 169 184 137 319 285 111125 123 5842 41 48 33 36 34 35 29 30 306 49 223 100 97 145 188 263 266 264 198 199 216 214 Traffic Surveys Traffic Assignment Decision Matrix Overlays; Demand & ROW Model Output Origin Destination Pattern Corridors with High Demand With Road and good connectivity Connectivity with major nodes Delhi BRT Master Plan 1 6 2 3 45
  51. 51. BRT Projects 1. Awarded recently Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) BRT feasibility and operation study 2. Preparation of Detailed Project Report for 7 BRT corridors in Delhi. 3. Monitoring and Evaluation of BRT corridor in Naya Raipur 4. Operating and maintaining existing BRT corridor in Delhi
  52. 52. Operations Control Centre (OCC) DIMTS has set-up a state-of-the-art Operations Control Centre for efficient management of traffic flow. It will be the kernel for real-time operation of traffic through Intelligent Signalling System, operation of stage carriage buses, the Automatic Vehicle Location System and more.
  53. 53. Intelligent Signalling System DIMTS has set up an adaptive traffic signal system, Intelligent Signalling System, with bus priority on Ambedkar Nagar-Delhi Gate BRT Corridor
  54. 54. Traffic Simulation & Modelling Expertise Traffic simulation and modeling using Visum, Vissim and Cube. Intersection Area Wide City
  55. 55. Other Projects • Pedestrian Infrastructure • Planning for NMT • Comprehensive Mobility Plans • PRT • Railway Infra Planning
  56. 56. NMT & Pedestrian • Pedestrian street planning • Urban design • Cycle sharing schemes • NMT lanes • Safe pedestrian crossings Public Transport •Route rationalisation •Last mile connectivity – Gramin sewa •BRT planning – detailing – execution – operations •Monorail •LRT •PRT •Bus Cluster planning – implementation - operations Multi Modal Centre • Bus terminal – planning – detailing – execution • Railway station – planning – detailing - PMC Technology •Intelligent Signalling system •Developing our own signalling system •AFCS •AVL •PIS (ETA) •VMS •Transport Planning modeling – VISUM – VISSIM – CUBE – GIS - TRANSCAD Summarising
  57. 57. Thank You www.dimts.in sharad.mohindru@dimts.in
  58. 58. Progress to date Mode Length (Kms) Budget (in Rs.) Metro – Phase I 65.1 Kms Rs. 105. 7 billion Metro – Phase II 128.0 Kms Rs. 190.0 billion* BRT – First Corridor 14.5 Kms Rs. 2.0 billion 62 * Inclusive of Civil work of Airport Express line. Source: Delhi Metro Investment focus on one mode of public transport and minor investment in other modes.
  59. 59. Integration within and between different modes of transports • Physical Integration • Fare Integration • Route Integration • Information Integration • Institutional Integration Improving Public Transport- Multimodal Integration 63
  60. 60. Promote Non Motorized Transport • Provision of cycling and walking tracks • Road Safety Measures • Appropriate pricing of vehicle use and fuels • Regulation of polluting motorized modes • Information and Awareness Campaigns • High NMT share especially for short distance trips(e.g. in Delhi 55% of trips are less than 5 kms) is the need of the hour and should be a priority in any low carbon strategy. Source: Reconciling Economic Growth with Low Carbon Mobility in India- K.R Bandyopadhyay, 2010 Multi Modal Transport in a Low Carbon Future Sanjiv N. Sahai and Simon Bishop, 2010 64
  61. 61. Demand Management-Regulatory Instruments Regulatory Instruments for discouraging travel and denying access • Physical restraint measures- restricting access for certain private vehicles e.g. in Athens, Manila, Mexico, Seoul • Traffic Management Measures-Area traffic control system, ITS etc. • Parking Regulation- Restriction in parking space supply • Speed Restrictions- Minimum and Maximum speed limits • Inspection maintenance and certification- programmes for inspection and certification, driver training etc. 65
  62. 62. Equitable Allocations of Road space for Buses, Pedestrian, NMT & PrivateVehicles Hierarchical Space Allocation – Pedestrian with Cyclist and Public Transport on Top and Cars at Bottom A Balanced Transportation Approach

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