Pablo Picasso Minja Čule II-4Filološka gimnazija, Beograd 2012/2013.
Early lifePablo Picasso was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker and stage designer.Picasso showed a passion and a skill for drawing from an early age.His father Ruiz persuaded the officials at the academy to allow his son to take an entrance exam for the advanced class and later jury admitted him, at just 13.
Career beginningPicasso made his first trip to Paris in 1900, then the art capital of Europe. There, he met his first Parisian friend, the journalist and poet Max Jacob.These were times of severe poverty, cold, and desperation. He had big financial problems and he burned many of his paintings to stay warm.Pablo had his first exibitat age 13, when he showed his paintings in the umbrella store.At 16 he was sent to Royal Academy of Madrid.
He was very cruel to women. He had many affairs and many lovers.Some of his lovers were: Olivier, Eva Gouel, Ogla Khokhlova (he married her in 1918.), Maria Therese Walter, Dora Maar.He had 2 children with Olga. Their names were Maya and Paulo.
- Fernande Olivier (Picassos first love, she was 18?; he was 23) - Marcelle Humbert - Eva Gouel (she was 27, Picasso was 31) - Gaby Lespinasse (he was 34 she was younger) - Olga Khokhlova (Picassos first wife; she was 26 and he was 36 when they met) - Marie-Thérèse Walter (she was 17, he was 46) - Dora Maar (she was 29, Picasso was 55) - Françoise Gilot (she was 21 when she met Picasso, who was 61) - Geneviève Laporte (one of Picassos last lovers. She was in her mid-twenties and a French model of Picasso, who was in his seventies when the affair started) - Jacqueline Roque (who became Picassos second wife. She was 27 and he was 79)
Marie-Thérèse became jealous when Picasso fell in love with Dora Maar, a surrealist photographer and model for Picasso, in 1935. She was born Henriette Theodora Marković in Paris, France. Her father, Josip Markovic, was a Croatian architect.
For him she was the "woman in tears" in many aspects. During their love affair, she suffered from his moods, and hated that in 1943 he found a new lover, Françoise Gilot. She was 40 years younger than he was. In her 1964 book Life with Picasso,Gilot describes his abusive treatment and myriad infidelities which led her to leave him, taking the children with her. This was a severe blow to Picasso.
Picasso was married twice and had four children by three women. His second woman was Jacqueline Roque. Their marriage lasted 20 years until his death, during which time he created more than 400 portraits of her.By this time, Picasso had constructed a huge Gothic home, and could afford large villas in the south of France.
The years between 1901 and 1904 were known as Picassos Blue Period. Nearly all of his works were executed in somber shades of blue and contained lean, melancholy, and introspective concentrating on their own thoughts) figures. Two outstanding examples of this period are the Old Guitarist (1903) and Life (1903).
In the second half of 1904 Picassos style took a new direction. In these paintings the color became more natural, delicate, and tender in its range, with reddish and pink tones dominating the works. Thus this period was called his Pink Period. The most celebrated example of this phase is the Family of Saltimbanques (1905).
Les Demoiselles dAvignon isgenerally regarded as the firstcubist painting. The faces of thefigures are seen from both front andprofile positions at the same time.
Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form— instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context.Picassos first, and probably his most celebrated, collage is Still Life with Chair Caning (1911–1912).
After Picasso experimented with the new medium of collage, he returned more intensively to painting.The Three Musicians represents a classical expression of cubism.One of Picassos most celebrated paintings of the 1930s is Guernica (1937) It depicts the destruction by bombing of the town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.
Interesting facts During the Second World War, Picasso remained in Paris while the Germans occupied the city. Around this time, Picasso took up writing as an alternative outlet. Between 1935 and 1959 he wrote over 300 poems. Picassos Full Name Has 23 Words (Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruíz y Picasso). Picasso had such a difficult birth and was such a weak baby that when he was born, the midwife thought that he was stillborn so she left him on a table to attend his mother. It was his uncle, a doctor named Don Salvador, that saved him.
Did Picasso Steal the Mona Lisa? Actually no, but in 1911, when the Mona Lisa was stolen from the Louvre, the police took in Picassos friend, the poet Guillaume Apollinaire. Apollinaire fingered Picasso as a suspect, so the police hauled him in for questioning. Both were later released.
It is estimated that Picasso produced 50,000 pieces of art.In 1967, Picasso made a public sculpture in downtown Chicago call the Chicago Picasso. He donated it to the city of Chicago and would not accept payment. No one knows what the sculpture represents.
DeathPablo Picasso died on 8 April 1973 in France, while he and his wife Jacqueline entertained friends for dinner. His final words were "Drink to me, drink to my health, you know I cant drink any more.“Devastated and lonely after the death of Picasso, Jacqueline Roque took her own life by gunshot in 1986 when she was 59 years old.
“Art is the lie that enables us to realize the truth.” ~Pablo Picasso
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