The bio chips


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The bio chips

  1. 1.  Introduction Biochip Technology Working of biochip Applications Problem of biochips Solutions for the biochips Conclusion
  2. 2.  “Biochips”- exciting future technology for Computer science, Electronics & Biology. It was developed in 1983 for monitoring fisheries. Now it is used over 300 Zoos & 80 government agencies in 20 countries. Yearly, 6 million recipients of prosthetic devices and breast implants are “biochipped”. Over 7 million animals have been biochipped Major biochip companies are A.V.I.D (American Veterinary Identification Devices), Trovan Identification Systems.
  3. 3.  Biochip implant is a small (micro) computer chip, inserted under the skin, for identification purposes. Biochips system is radio frequency identification (RFID) system. RFID system uses low-frequency radio signals to communicate between the biochip and reader.
  4. 4.  It’s a new type of bio-security device to accurately track information . No need of remembering pesky PINs, Passwords & social security numbers. No need to carry the medical records to hospital & cash/credit cards. Biochips have the capability of locating lost children, wounded soldiers
  5. 5.  Transponder in biochips is of passive type, contains no battery of its own. Advantage of passive transponder is, it has very long life up to 99 years and no maintenance. Transponder consists of four parts i) Computer micro chip ii) Antenna Coil iii) Tuning capacitor iv) Glass Capsule
  6. 6. Microchip :•It stores identification numbers from 10 to 15digits long•The ID number is etched via laser on to themicrochipAntenna coil:•It’s a simple coil of copper wire around a ironcore which receives and sends the signal fromreaderTuning capacitor:•It stores the small electric charge sent byreader or scanner and activates thetransponder.Glass capsule:•It houses the entire transponder ;usually of thesize of a uncooked grain of rice measuringabout 11 mm in length and 2 mm in diameter.•It is made of soda lime glass.
  7. 7.  It consists of an “exciter” coil which creates an EM field via radio signals. It provides necessary energy (< 1/1000 of a watt) to excite the implanted biochip Reader also carries a receiving coil that receives transmitted code from the implanted biochip This is all takes places very fast (milliseconds) Reader contains the software to decode the received code and result in an LCD.
  8. 8. Implanted ReaderBiochip Amplifier A-D converter LCD
  9. 9.  With a biochip tracing of person/animal, anywhere in the world is possible. A biochip can store and update financial, medical, demographic data, basically everything about a person A biochip leads to a secured E-Commerce systems Biochips really are potent in replacing passports, cash, medical record
  10. 10.  Biochip as Glucose Detector Proposed principle of Glucose detection Biochip as oxygen sensor Biochip as an Blood Pressure sensor
  11. 11.  A chip implant would contain a person’s financial world, medical history, health care — it would contain his electronic life“. "It is very dangerous because once kidnappers get to know about these chips, they will kill people to find them.
  12. 12.  The Biochip must retain data only if it is placed in a fluid medium like blood & not in any other medium. Generic model of biochips consists of only ROM component because passport number, Bank card number normally permanent in nature. This technique is suitable for identification of dead bodies (murdered by the kidnappers) as it loses the data about the social security number But the induction of RAM component in addition to ROM is a mere solution.
  13. 13.  A chip implanted somewhere in human bodies might serve as a combination of credit card, passport, drivers license, personal diary. A chip inserted into human bodies might also give us extra mental power.