Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Plasma silicon antenna
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Plasma silicon antenna

1,406
views

Published on

Published in: Technology

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,406
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
138
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. PLASMA SILICON ANTENNA
  • 2. CONTENTS• PLASMA• ANTENNA• HISTORY OF PLASMA ANTENNA• CLASSIFICATION OF PLASMA ANTENNAS• PLASMA SILICON ANTENNA TECHNOLOGY• WORKING• APPLICATIONS• ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES• CONCLUSION
  • 3. PLASMA• Fourth state of matter.• Identified by Sir William Crookes, an English physicist in 1879.• It is a gas in which atoms have been broken up into free-floatingnegative electrons and positive ions.• Formed by high temperature, or by application of a high electric oralternating magnetic field.
  • 4. ANTENNA• Defined as an electrical conductor that radiates radiowaves generated by a transmitter and collect that waves at the receiver.
  • 5. HISTORY OF PLASMA ANTENNA• An investigation of the wider technical issues of existing antenna systems has revealed areas where plasma antennas might be useful.• Plasma antennas provide similar advantages as conventional antennas but at a fraction of the cost, together with much wider bandwidth of operation.• A plasma antenna is a type of radio antenna currently in development in which plasma is used instead of the metal elements of a traditional antenna
  • 6. CLASSIFICATION OF PLASMA ANTENNAS PLASMA ANTENNA GAS PLASMA SOLID STATE PLASMA ANTENNA ANTENNA [ REFERRED TOAS PLASMA ANTENNAS ] [ ALSO CALLED AS PSiAn ]
  • 7. GAS PLASMA ANTENNA• It consists of ionized gasenclosed in a discharge tube. • When supply is given to the tube, the gas inside it gets ionized to plasma. • Plasmas have very high electrical conductivity so it is possible for radio frequency signals to travel through them to radiate radio waves, or to receive them.
  • 8. PLASMA SILICON ANTENNA TECHNOLOGY• Launched in 2010.• Developed by physicists at Plasma Antennas laboratory of Winchester, UK.• The main purpose of using PSiAn is because of its ability to operate at higher frequencies, for example greater than 1 GHZ.• This works with plasma of electrons instead of ionized gas.• It relies on beam-forming technology.
  • 9. WORKINGA plasma for solid state antenna can be created in 2 ways 1.Solid state plasma antenna can be made from a silicon wafer by first thermally oxidising the surfaces and subjecting the wafer to a high temperature stabilisation process.
  • 10. 2. Alternatively an array of PIN diodes may be formed on the surface and may be forward biased to create the desired plasma. At a high enough electron density, each cloud of electrons generated by diodes reflects high- frequency radio waves like a mirror. By selectively activating diodes, the shape of the reflecting area can be changed to focus and steer a beam of radio waves.
  • 11. GOOD BYE “WI-FI”, HELLO “WI-GIG” Existing Wi-Fi tops out at 54 megabits of data per second,whereas the Wi-Gig standard is expected to go up to between 1 and 7gigabits per second.
  • 12. GAS ANTENNA vs PLASMA SILICON ANTENNA CRITERIA A gas is ionized to create Plasma is formed due toNature of plasma a plasma cloud of electronsFrequency range only upto 90GHz 1-300GHz Size Large Compact
  • 13. APPLICATIONSUltra-fast wireless communications. Miniature radar system. US military weapon called “pain beam”.
  • 14. ADVANTAGES• Cheaper• Small in size• Narrow dispersion• Used for high frequencies DISADVANTAGES • Operates only at high frequencies • Inability to beam through walls
  • 15. CONCLUSION PSiAn could be commercially available within a few days. Theseplasma antennas would allow mobile devices, such as smart phones and tablets, toachieve high-data-rate transfers.