Calcium

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Calcium is the soft grey alkaline earth metal, chemically reactive in nature. It strengthens bones and teeth making the skeletal structure of the body strong. Whereas calcium deficiency can lead to kidney stones, heart attack, calcification of soft tissues, etc.

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  • i always thought only Milk provided one's body with Calcium......but there are few other herbs/plants for calcium supplement, glad to know that........
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Calcium

  1. 1. Presented by Dr. Sudhakar Kokate Director PPRC, India Nutritional facts & Awareness about ‘Calcium’ in human body
  2. 2. Let thy food be thy medicine And thy medicine be thy food -Hippocrates 46-377 BCE PPRC/INDIA 01
  3. 3. Hippocrates PPRC/INDIA02
  4. 4. Calcium …. Ca  Soft gray alkaline earth metal  Chemically reactive and soft  Not occurring in Natural form  Occurs with associated compounds PPRC/INDIA 03
  5. 5. Calcium …. Ca PPRC/INDIA04
  6. 6. Calcium …. Ca  Calcium – latin calx meaning “Lime”  Fifth most abundant earth element by mass in the earth’s crust PPRC/INDIA 05
  7. 7. History  Known from several years 975 A.D. ‘Plaster of Paris’ calcium sulfate is useful for setting broken bones Sir Humphry Davey isolated calcium in 1808 in England PPRC/INDIA 06
  8. 8. Humphry Davey PPRC/INDIA07
  9. 9. History  Important for living organisms Major material in mineralising bone, teeth and shells Body’s 90% Ca is stored in the bones and teeth PPRC/INDIA 08
  10. 10. History  Other 10% is useful in: 1. Exocytosis 2. Neurotransmitter-release 3. Muscle contraction PPRC/INDIA 09
  11. 11. Calcium PPRC/INDIA10
  12. 12. Calcium plays an important role in building stronger, denser bones early in life and keeping bones strong and healthy later in life. - National Osteoporosis Foundation PPRC/INDIA 11
  13. 13. How much ‘Ca’ do you need? PPRC/INDIA 12 SR. NO. AGE CALCIUM REQD. mg 1 0 – 6 months 200 2 7 – 12 months 260 3 1 – 3 yrs. 700 4 4 – 8 yrs. 1000 5 9 – 13 yrs. 1300
  14. 14. How much ‘Ca’ do you need? PPRC/INDIA 13 SR. NO. AGE CALCIUM REQD. mg 6 14 – 18 yrs. 1300 7 19 – 50 yrs. 1000 8 51 – 70 yrs. 1000 9 > 71 yrs. 1200 10 Pregnant women 1300
  15. 15. Calcium …. Ca deficiency  Numbness in fingers and toes  Muscle cramps  Convulsions  Lethargy  Loss of appetite PPRC/INDIA 14
  16. 16. Calcium …. Ca deficiency  Abnormal heart rhythms  Kidney stones  Calcification of soft tissues  Increased risk of stroke  Heart attack PPRC/INDIA 15
  17. 17. Calcium …. Ca deficiency  Memory loss  Muscle spasms  Depression  Brittle bones  Hallucinations PPRC/INDIA 16
  18. 18. Calcium …. Ca deficiency  Eye diseases  Osteoporosis  Spinal fracture  Inability to walk PPRC/INDIA 17
  19. 19. Calcium …. Ca supplements  Mostly synthetics  Available commercially in different forms and doses  Recommended optimum dose required  Excess cause detrimental effects PPRC/INDIA 18
  20. 20. Side-effects of Ca supplements (in excess)  Gas  Bloating  Constipation  Osteoporosis  Diarrhoea PPRC/INDIA 19
  21. 21. Side-effects of Ca supplements (in excess)  Weight loss  Kidney stones (Ca-oxalate)  Cancer  High Blood pressure  Cardiovascular disease PPRC/INDIA 20
  22. 22. SK’s counter for ‘Ca’ a) Find out how much Ca you need daily? b) Make a list of foods you take with quantity daily? c) If you fill reqd. dose throughout diet don’t take supplements PPRC/INDIA 21
  23. 23. SK’s counter for ‘Ca’ d) Go natural e) Use plant based calcium raw / cooked f) Keep a daily record g) Check once in a week h) Be your own doctor – check changes in your body and rectify PPRC/INDIA 22
  24. 24. SK’s counter for ‘Ca’ i) Be happy j) Remember you are the most beautiful and active individual on the globe k) Change lifestyle as per time LIVE LONG FOR THE WELFARE OF HUMAN BEINGS PPRC/INDIA 23
  25. 25. Calcium rich foods PPRC/INDIA 24 Milk Yoghurt / Curd Cheese Soy products Cornflakes Collard grass Whole grains Almonds Kale Oranges Turnips Chicory greens
  26. 26. Milk PPRC/INDIA25
  27. 27. Calcium rich foods PPRC/INDIA 26 Tofu Sesame seeds Okra Watercress Broccoli Nuts Green snap beans Figs Chinese cabbage Cereals Dandelion greens Hijiki
  28. 28. Calcium rich foods PPRC/INDIA27
  29. 29. Calcium rich foods PPRC/INDIA 28 Wakame Arugula Seaweeds Dark leafy greens Blackstrap molasses Canned fish Pistachio Quinosa
  30. 30. MILK  Excellent source of Calcium  High concentration – 300 mg / cup  Excellently absorbed PPRC/INDIA 29
  31. 31. Quantitative data PPRC/INDIA 30 Sr. No. Item Ca mg/day (100 gm) 1 Low fat cheese 961 2 Soy products 350 3 Canned fish 383 4 Tofu 253 5 Plain curd 450 6 Okra 77 7 Chinese cabbage 105
  32. 32. Quantitative data PPRC/INDIA 31 Sr. No. Item Ca mg/day (100 gm) 8 Broccoli 47 9 Green snap beans 37 10 Sesame seeds 88 11 Almonds 264 12 Watercress 120 13 Dandelion green 100
  33. 33. Something more….  Spinach, chard, amaranth and other greens may pose oxalate problem …. Kidney stones  Research alarms people against such products  Egg shell …. Good source of Calcium PPRC/INDIA 32
  34. 34. Egg shell …. PPRC/INDIA33
  35. 35. Something more….  Egg shell …. 1. Cheap source of calcium 2. Useful in underdeveloped countries 3. Fine powder can be taken with food or a glass of water PPRC/INDIA 34
  36. 36. Research says ….  Excessive intake of calcium can be detrimental to cardiovascular health in men and doubles the risk in women  Jl. of American Medical Assn. says – too much of Ca supplements could increase the risk of heart disease PPRC/INDIA 35
  37. 37. Research says ….  Study > 4 lakh middle aged adults (50 – 70 yrs.) for a period of 12 yrs. Men who had taken > 1000 mg of Ca/day have nearly a 20% higher chance of dying than to heart related diseases PPRC/INDIA 36
  38. 38. Research says ….  Excess deposition of calcium in arteries pose stroke  For strengthening of bones, muscles vegetables like Comfrey, Nettle, Burdock, Oat straw, Horse tail, Kava, Turmeric, Arnica, Apple, Bananas, Avocados are needed PPRC/INDIA 37
  39. 39. Comfrey …. PPRC/INDIA38
  40. 40. Nettle …. PPRC/INDIA39
  41. 41. Burdock …. PPRC/INDIA40
  42. 42. Oat straw …. PPRC/INDIA41
  43. 43. Horse tail …. PPRC/INDIA42
  44. 44. Kava …. PPRC/INDIA43
  45. 45. Turmeric …. PPRC/INDIA44
  46. 46. Arnica …. PPRC/INDIA45
  47. 47. Apple …. PPRC/INDIA46
  48. 48. Bananas …. PPRC/INDIA47
  49. 49. Avocados …. PPRC/INDIA48
  50. 50. Thank You!! “BE WITH US”

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