UNDP Project PPCR (Pilot Program for Climate Resilience) Adaptation to Climate Change to assess institutional potential and improved awareness on climate change in Tajikistan Training for Trainers October 22, 2011 Vakhdat city Protocol to training in Vakhdat On participatory approach On potential assessment and improved awareness on climate change in Republic of Tajikistan Location: Vakhdat rayon, conference hall of Khukumat of Vakhdat rayon, 17, Tughdona street) Objective of the training: Improve awareness of the interested parties in climate change in Tajikistan. Review of the core of the problem, analysis of resolutions, definition of the climate change problem to ensure the in-depth understanding of economical, social and ecological problems. Laying the grounds for further improved potential of different stakeholders in the context of adaptation to climate change by using a methodological instrument – a participatory approach. Agenda Vakhdat rayon, conference hall of Khukumat of Vakhdat rayon, 17, Tughdona street8:30 – 9:00 Registration9:00 – 9:20 Welcoming words from the Tajik CAREC office. Opening and presentation of participants Project review Objective of the training Presentation of participants and information on their grouping9:20 – 10:45 Upcoming priorities Session 1 Plenary discussions and group work 10:15 – 10: 45 group presentations10:45 – Coffee break11:0011:00 – Climate change impact review at the oblast level Session 213:00 Review of the climate change impact (presentation); 15 min Group work 12: 15 -13:00 Group presentations, 10 mins each13:00 – Lunch14:0014:00 – Review of the key PPCR components and their regional relevance Sessi on 315:45 Review of the 3 main PPCR components, Group work
15:45 – Coffee break16:0016:00 – PPCR components at the oblast level16:45 Group presentations – 1 component for each group, each presentation 5-7 minutes.16:45 – Session Key actions to advance to adaptation and sustainable development17:45 4 Group work Plenary discussions17:45 – Other steps and seminar closing18:00The first session of the training was dedicated to discussing the problems in all thespheres of the country, with primary accent onto social, economic and ecologicalcomponents. The plenary discussion was on the future priorities for the key sectors.During discussion participants have voiced the most acute problems identified asmigration, economic and ecological problems, and that more and more people areloosing their source of income due to land degradation and lack of irrigation water, this,in turn, is the reason for outmigration of young people.Then the participants were offered to split into groups to discuss these issues in morenarrow format where each of the problems could be viewed and recorder afterconsultations with specialists. The first session ended up with the analysis of all socialproblems and negative aspects in all sector of economy.The second session was dedicated to discussing already considered problems toidentify objectives until 2040. Each participant was given a chance to analyze andcoordinate in own group an opinion on how the key national industries shall adapt andchange for the upcoming 25-30 years, and how to achieve these goals in practice, noton paper. The groups were discussing various issues related to improved livingstandards of people and dependence of farmers on bad weather conditions, problemssolving with food shortage, prophylactics of diseases and viruses. Al the proposalssubmitted by participants were given in the form of short proposal and presented by theend of the work.The third session began with presentation of the Climate change impact in Tajikistan;this presentation showed the consequences of the climate change onto some aspectsof human life and analysis of the impact into key economy sectors.The followed group work to discuss the key climatic impacts, their consequences andavailable potential, and further potential development for perspective. The participantsnoted the worsening of drinking water quality. To their mind, the most expressed climatechange manifestation is in heavy rains during short period of time and this aggravatessoil salination and wash-out of fertile soil layer. The participants noted several points ofthe readiness potential such as subsidies to technical equipment procurement (tractors,bulldozers etc), creation of information centers on the adaptation methods andintroduction of new technologies in water economy system .
The fourth and final part of the training was dedicated to the key impacts on the way toadaptation and sustainable development where participants discussed interaction of thePPCR components with the selected models of future development. The participantsreviewed certain actions to consider the interests of vulnerable and people with lowincome, and the issues of gender sensitivity towards women. The TrainingThe training began at 8:30 with the registration.The welcoming words by Mukhabatov Kh.review the Project description,-presentation of the participants.Pic.1. Participants of the workshopPresentation by Rakhimov B-Review of the PPCR Project.- Project objectives.- Procedural remarks.-Importance of the participants’ contribution and how their contribution will be used inthe ProjectPic.2. During the presentation
Plenary discussionThe participants were offered to identify current social and economic problems in theregion with special focus on ecological and economical problems in the region, the keyindustries which were identified as priority during the preliminary seminar. All theproposals registered on the flip-chart titled “General Problems in the Region”.The participants were divided into 3 groups with one specialist in each group. Pic.3. Plenary discussionSession 1Future priorities by key sectorsSocial, economic and ecological trends focused on key industries/economysectors.Each group was given a table to fill up Pic.4. Work in groupsSession 2Review climate impacts on the oblast levelDraft objectives for the future as desirable and probable vector of futuredevelopment of the regions until 2040.
1. Understanding on how the industries shall change during this timeframe and how to identify the selected objectives 2. Create descriptive part from the filed up tables. 3. Presentation by groupsPic.5. Group work during 2nd sessionSession 3Presentation was made by Rakhmonov B. on climate change impact in Tajikistan.Review of the key PPCR components and their relevance to the regionDefine future potential climatic impacts and necessary actions and potential 1. Short review of three main components of PPCR 2. Understand and define climate change consequences in the frames of their objectives and description of the region. 3. Define accessible and necessary potential as important steps to address the impacts 4. Define key additional goals/actions necessary to address (adapt and mitigate) climate change impacts. 5. Group presentation.Pic.6. Facilitation of group work at 3rd session of the workshop
Session 4Key impacts to improved adaptation and sustainable developmentAssessment of sustainability of the future system and critical actions. 1. Fill up the form. 2. Concentrate on objectives and the needs relevant to the PPCR investments 3. Select objectives (up to 3) until 2040 by using these actions, accessible potential and the needs to create concise key strategies for mid- and long-term perspectivePic.7. Presentations of findings developed by group of participantsAll findings developed by participants are presented in Annex 2.Training closure: final remarks were made by Mukhabbatov Kh. – he underlined mostimportant outcomes of the workshop, thanked participants for their work and announcedthe end of the training.
Annex 1 List of participants№ Name Organization Contact details Signature1 Burunov А. State Supervision Department of seeds in 93 524 56 65 Vakhdat2 Nazarov N. Forest company 919 00 54 693 Bobokhonov А. Chairmant of dekhkan farm “Sanoat” 903 00 52 644 Ismoilov Sh. Senior specialist of Environment protection 917 72 72 11 department in Vakhdat5 Gadov B. Communal department of Vakhdat 42 43 526 Saidov Kh. Senior specialist of cereal department of 93 800 18 08 Vakhdat7 Rakhimov А. Specialist of land administration committee 918 64 26 418 Salikhov М. Deputy chairman of jamoat of Bahor village 919 05 72 019 Shirinov М. Deputy chairman of local authority executive 2 27 09 body of Vakhdat 907 99 79 4910 Azizov S. Deputy chairman of jamoat “B.Burunov” 904 609 30911 Saidulloev S. Deputy chairman of jillage Rasht jamoat 907 93 02 5012 Kholnazarov М. Deputy chairman of vllage Abdullo jamoat 918 36 19 0213 Zoirov М. Agronomist, farm “Niholparvary” 919 22 61 5214 Gafurov А. Coordinator of village development 8 318 70 10 15 department15 Sharifov G. Deputy chairman of village Chuyancharh 919 04 96 10 jamoat16 Sharipov Kh. Head of water department, engineer 95 139 42 3517 Karimov S. Chairman of Ismolov jamoat 93 434 76 7618 Rakhimov А. Deputy head of city water supply department 907 88 42 4119 Bobokhonova М. Accountant of rural jamoat Vachdat 917 58 30 2120 Tukhtabekov B. Enterprise “Asal Tojikiston” (honey 907 72 46 05 production)21 Mirov Kh. Deputy chairman of Dusty village jamoat» 919 41 66 1322 Khochaev М. Deputy head of agriculture of Vakhdat 907 94 97 9623 Rakhimov P. Deputy Chairman of Simichang village jamoat 917 13 87 21 on agricultural issues24 Safoev Ch. Doctor assistant 918 76 31 1025 Toshov D. Deputy charman of Guliston jamoat 904 44 98 34
Annex 2 PPCR – Vakhdat Problems review1. Deforestation .2. irrational use of pastures3. pollution, contamination4. rise of drainage ground waters.5. poor drainage system6. uprooting shrubs.7. lack of drinking and irrigation water.8. abandoned land.9. lack of land resources.10. soil salination.11. inconsistent erection of industrial facilities .12. increased diseases of people and cattle.13. absence of hail prevention centers.14. loss of crop.15. poor information coverage.16. poor monitoring of plants and pastures.17. water contamination.18. increase of dust storms.19. cattle overgrazing.20. droughts .21. increase of population, degradation of vegetation.22. utilization of wastes.23. low ecological culture. 8
Group1 Key problems ConsequencesWater -lack of drinking and irrigation water Increases of diseases -rise of ground water table Land drying -mudflows Decreased agricultural productionEnergy -lack of energy resources Social infrastructure -renewable energy Decreased living standards -ineffective programs -lack of specialistsAgriculture -organize forest and fruit trees nurseries Trees felling - lack of mineral resources, pesticides and machinery Salination -clean up of irrigation and canals Decrease of food quality -absence of national seeds fund. Diseases -ineffective use of land resources . Land degradation -certified seeds fund. Decreased crops. Increased pest epidemicOther: -migration of young specialists No development progress.Migration -lack of due workplaces for specialists.Public health -lack of medical equipment -distribution of infectious and cancer disease -poor food products monitoring . Group 2 Key problems ConsequencesWater 1. lack of water 1.а.leads to desertification 2. water pollution б. decreased crops 3. irrational water use в. migration 4. CDS and irrigation network clean up 2.а. infection disease 5. lack of machinery. Б. reduced flora and fauna. 6.funds to restore the GTS dam. В.increased mortality 3.а.erosion and water logging Б.decreased crops В.land salination. Г. Rise of ground water level. 10
Б. lowered ground water level В. Improved sanitary of water resources 5.а.siltation of canals, CDS and irrigation network 6.а. absence of economic development potential .Energy 1. lack of electricity 1.а.reduced GNP 2. migration Б. destruction of forest resources 3. non-operational industrial enterprises В. Reduced life expectancy 4. non-operational pumping stations 2.а.reduced workforce Б.destruction of families В. Lowered level of culture 3.а.unemployment Б.increased poverty level В.price rise to most needed products 4.а.loss of agricultural products Б.soil erosionAgriculture 1.lack of machinery 1.untimely sowing and agrochemical 2.lack of quality seeds activities 3. lack of mineral fertilizers 2.untimely harvesting and products 4.absence of crop rotation and oil / lubricants transportation 5.increased plant pests and diseases . 3.untimely vegetables processing. 6. lack of vaccines for cattle 7.lack of water resources 8.reconstruction of bridges and roads 9 absence of industrial processingOther: 1.loss of workforce No development progress .Migration 2.decreased cropsPublic health Group 2 Key problems ConsequencesWater 1. lack of drinking water Diseases 2. soil contamination (infection diseases) 3. low quality of drinking water 11
4. rise of ground water table Water logging, reduced crops, leads to poor 5. irrational use of water population 6. poor water supply (taps, gates) Degradation of land and soil. Lack of irrigation water, conflictsEnergy 1.lack of electricity Low production capacity 2 poor technical condition of power transmission lines and substations Non-operation of enterprises 3.lack of water for HPESs Non-operational equipment 4.absence of non-traditional sources of energy. Reduced economic indices 5.untimely payment for utilities by private businesses Poor education, culture and public healthAgriculture 1. drought Low crop yields 2. land degradation 3. low quality of seeds Increase of abandoned lands 4. absence of machinery Salination 5. high price for land cultivation Decreased crops 6. lack of mineral fertilizers and pesticides Increasing poverty 7. low agrotechnology knowledge (rice is negative to some cultures) Increased abandoned land areas 8. high land tax 9. incorrect land distribution ConflictsOther: 1. migration of labor resources -lack of workforceMigration -degradation of the nationPublic health 2. migration of youth -disease, break up of families 3. migration of specialists -increased criminal situation 4. low salaries Group 1 Objectives until 2040 Achieving goalsWater -drip irrigation Technology and equipment for drip irrigationCreate initiative groups to monitor Use state budget for procurementwater pollution -water use culture and education of population Draft state development programsRiver banks improvement near -laboratories Initiative groups for funds risingjamoats Rozik and GulistaonMonitoring over the use of -water reservoirs for irrigationcultivated land, drinking water -rehab of sewer networks and their clean uptreatment, literature to schools 12
Energy - rehabilitate power transmission lines Use state budgetDeal with deficit by using alternative - build mini-hydro and power housessources Investments and microcreditingTrainings on energy efficiency and -rehabilitate old HPESsenergy savingAgriculture -water reservoirs for agricultural needs Use high quality seedsProvide certified seeds for farmers я -long-term loans with low interests for agricultural Fertilizers production Irrigation -timely drainage system management Crop rotation -information centers on agrotechnology and crops Trainings and seminars for farmers growing -increased crops -new lands cultivation -technical and scientific achievements in agriculture -create state seeds distribution networksOther -improved qualification of specialists (doctors) Study abroad and introduction of ICT -provide doctors with equipment -revive traditional medicine by using medicinal herbs Centers of non-traditional medicine via - international network to exchange experience Internet Group 2 Objectives until 2040 Achieving goalsWater 1.prevent droughts 1.а.Aforestation and restoration 2. provide 50% supply of water to population Б.Water reservoirs in mountain areas 3.irrigate dry lands 40% 2.а.reconstruct water pipe network 4.reconstruct hydrotechnical facilities 50% б.new sources of water supply 3.а.mechanized irrigation б.new irrigation technologies (rain and drip irrigation) 4. bore deep water wellsEnergy 1.construct new HPESs and mini-hydro 1. construct new mini-hydro and HPESs 90% electricity supply to public 2. use non-traditional energy sources 2.clean energy production 3. new HPESs, biogas, heliofields etc 3.photovoltaics 13
Agriculture 1.food security -60% 1. increased harvest crop 2.latest scientific achievements in agriculture 1.free market development 2.New agricultural machinery -60% 2. latest technologies in mountain regions 3. agricultural equipment pool 1. seeds processing laboratories 3.Quality seeds - 70% 2. seeds database 1. water reservoirs construction, 4.water supply to irrigated lands -75% reconstruction of irrigation system. 2.new water pumping stations and water wells 5.fertilizers supply - 90% 1. provide warehousesMigration 1.employment - 85% 1. construct new and rehabilitate old enterprises 2. reduce poverty level 2. increase salaries 1. small and family businesses (apiary, poultry, fishery)Public health 1.increase hospitals, clinics etc–85% 1. construct new facilities at the state budget 2. medical personnel training -100% expenses 2. train qualified specialists, education abroad 1. national and foreign investments 3. new equipment– 60% 1. standard norms and expertise 4. quality medicines 3. reduce corruption Group 3 Objectives until 2040 Achieving goalsWater 1. clean water supply - 70% -water pipe systems construction and 2. 100% irrigation water supply reconstruction, use mountain springs 3. 100% reconstruction of drainage systems -clean and rehabilitate irrigation system - budget and foreign investments and grants 4. 100% water metering -metering 5. improved water use culture -training seminars 6. sell clean water abroad - advertisement and marketing 7. 100% utilization of industrial wastes - wastes utilization and recycling with new technologies 14
Agriculture 1. 100% quality seeds supply with account to climate -create seeds fund change 2. mineral fertilizers and pesticides with account to -construct new plants regional difference 3.100% soil erosion protection -amelioration, selection 4. improved cattle breed types 5. return 100% of abandoned lands in the process -create shops and build plants 6. 80% supply of food products 7. agricultural products processing 8. improve technical servicing and reliability of -leased agricultural machinery agricultural machineryEnergy 1. 100% supply with electricity -construct HPESs 2. 100% reduction of energy loss -use non-traditional types of energy 3. develop potential to rational use of energy -improve technical servicing -trainings, education, publicationsMigration 1.reduce migration 80% -new jobs, labor exchange, increased salaries 2. reduce 90% migration of youth and specialists 3. train young talents at the state budget expenses -provide loans, better living standards for 4. employ 100% of mountainous workforce by opening specialists small processing shops 5. train specialists abroad and in Tajikistan. -allocate fundsKey impacts, Gr 1 land degradation, loss of incomeConsequences Poor soil, desertification, wind and water erosion Reduced productivity Reduced living standards, migration. Degradation of flora and fauna Plant diseases. Threat to food security Threats from polluted water and soil salination.Available potential Trees planting, ivy, poplar. Better information on weather conditions Effective use of lands. State support to recover losses from natural disastersNecessary potential hail-protection services at the state level. Information centers to grow agricultural products. Activities on soil erosion protection (water, wind). Market-access technologies. 15
Improved control on cattle overgrazing Introduce drought-resistant cultures (dulon, pistachio, wild rose, almond)Key impacts – Gr 2 land degradation, natural disasters, floods, earthquakes, mudflows, avalanches, hailConsequences 1. Destruction of river banks and hydrotechnical facilitiesПоследствии 2. Destruction of water reservoirs 3.Destruction of power lines 4.irrigated lands flooding 5.damage to agriculture 6.destruction of houses and infrastructure 7.aggravated sanitary situation (infections) 8.dropped living standards 9.reduced number of cattleAvailable potential 1.mudflow protection dams 2.fast-response group for people rescuing 3.preparation for evacuation 4.organize public evacuation trainings 5.provide pharmaceuticals and medicines 6.clean-up mudflow gutters 7.provide equipment during natural disasters . 16