EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO
KNOW WHEN WRITING AN
WHAT IS AN ESSAY?
An organized piece of writing that
focuses on a single topic
Organized around a thesis
Begins with an introduction
Ends with a concluding paragraph
REASONS FOR WRITING AN
Helps you to express ideas more clearly
It is a required part of almost all
PARAGRAPH VS ESSAY
Organized around a
Organized around a
It has to do with what you are writing about
Sentence in the essay that states the thesis
Expressed in the first paragraph
Key step in developing an effective essay
TIPS FOR WRITING YOUR
Determined the kind of paper you are writing.
An Analytical paper (breaks down an issue or idea into its
An Expository paper (explains something to the audience)
An Argumentative paper (makes a claim about a topic and
justifies this claim with specify evidence)
Should be specific.
Appears at the end of the first paragraph of a paper.
Should reflect exactly what you have discussed in the
First part of an essay which has a major
influence on the reader s desire to keep
Includes different strategies to get the
readers attention that should be
connected with the thesis statement
It should conclude with the most
important idea of the essay.
BODY OF AN ESSAY
Set of paragraphs that develop the idea
expressed in the thesis statement
Provide the content of the essay
Each one should be unique, be unified
around a main idea and arranged coherently
CONCLUSION OF AN ESSAY
Purpose: To leave the reader with a
positive impression, a sense of
completeness and the inclination to
think about the topic
Should not give more information about
Restates your thesis statement in other
THE REVISION AND EDITING
Process of reviewing and rewriting to
make your ideas more logical
I. revision through reading
II. revision through collaboration
TYPES OF ESSAYS
Cause and effect
To write an analysis, you need to think about
how each part of something contributes to
the success of the whole.
Describe HOW and WHY its
An argument paper presents a stronger claim to
a more resistant audience.
To write an argument essay, you’ll need to
gather evidence and present a well-reasoned
argument on a debatable issue.
You must base your paper on a strong position.
You must choose one side or the other when
you write an argument paper!
…use passionate language
…cite experts who agree with you
…provide facts, evidence, and statistics to
support your position
…provide reasons to support your claim
…address the opposing side’s argument and
refute their claims
…use weak qualifiers like “I believe,” “I feel,”
or “I think”—just tell us!
…claim to be an expert if you’re not one
…use strictly moral or religious claims as
support for your argument
…assume the audience will agree with you
about any aspect of your argument
…attempt to make others look bad
To write a persuasive paper, you’ll need to
use evidence and good reasons to convince
others to agree with your point of view on a
Conduct the effective research by obtaining
facts and evidence to support your ideas.
It doesn't simply report information (like a typical
research paper would)--it uses that information
to make an argument or prove a point.
PERSUASIVE THESIS STATEMENT
It is a one-sentence description of your topic
and the argument that you plan to make
Not only tell us what the essay will be about,
but also where the author stands on that
issue (his or her opinion) and briefly explain
CAUSE & EFFECT
First, determine a scenario in which one
action or event caused certain effects to
Second, explain what took place and why
This essay allows us to identify patterns and
explain why things turned out the way that
NARROWING A LARGE TOPIC
What's the main (most important) cause?
Can I break the different types of effects
down into categories?
Which category interests me the most?
Make new connections or express new
differences between two things. You can
compare, contrast or compare and contrast.
Choose 2 things that could go in the same
category, but are also quite different
ORGANIZING YOUR COMPARE AND
Chunking: placing all of the information for
each individual subject in one place
(chunk), and then using similarities as
Piecing: giving pieces of the information for
each individual subject in each paragraph,
arranging the information by topic rather
than by subject.
To write a definition essay, you’ll need to define
a word that:
has a complex meaning
is disputable (could mean different things to
Narrative essay tells a story,
relates events that had happened.
Descriptive essay describes a
person, object, or event.
TIPS FOR WRITING EFFECTIVE
NARRATIVE AND DESCRIPTIVE ESSAYS:
Tell a story about a moment or event that
means a lot to you
Avoid long introductions and lengthy
Make sure your story has a point. Describe
what you learned from this experience.
Describe the setting, characters, the plot,
conflicts and resolution of your story.
USING CONCRETE DETAILS FOR
…makes the story or
image seem clearer
and more real to us.
…gives us information
that we can easily
grasp and perhaps
...makes the story or
image difficult to
…leaves your reader
DIVISION & CLASSIFICATION
Choose something that
the majority of people
might not know much
about and therefore
can't understand how
complex that topic
is. You will break your
topic down into
Type of analysis in which
you classify information,
organize or sort it into
How to classify the topic:
These categories will be
the basis for the details you
Make sure you create
useful and meaningful
It is useful to create a chart
to plan out your categories.
Types of papers & students samples by the
Roane State Community College. Retrieved
Accessed on: September 5, 2013
Tips and Examples for Writing Thesis
Statements. Retrieved from
http://owl.english.purdue.edu Accessed on:
September 6, 2013
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.