Types of structure
Open – The narrative doesn’t reach a conclusion, it keeps on going. Soap opera and films that have sequels do this very well. This might be
unanswered questions or a simple cliffhanger at the end of the episode/film.
Closed – The narrative is concluded at the end, no questions remained unanswered. Films with no sequel do this and make sure everything
is summed up in the 90 minutes the film is running for.
Single strand – It has one storyline, it doesn’t switch between characters and scenarios. Children's books tend to have this structure, due to
the simplicity to follow this kind of structure.
Multi-strand – Features many different storylines, which may switch back and forth throughout the overall media product. Again, soap
operas are good for this kind of structure as well.
Linear – The story goes from beginning to end in chronological order. Each part of the story follows the next, step by step. Traditional films,
books and Journalism uses this kind of structure because it is simpler to follow, compared to non-linear.
Non-Linear – These structures don’t stick to the natural order of storytelling, not going through the narrative in a straight line. Flashbacks
or flash-forwards may be used to communicate a non-linear narrative structure.
Realist – These storylines reflect ‘real life’, situations featured in the narratives that could happen to anyone on a day to day basis. The
structures stick to the reality of someone's everyday life.
Anti-realist – Involves events, locations and characters that will be difficult if not impossible to find in everyday life. The Sci-fi and fantasy
genre are common users of the anti-realist structure.
Types of structure
Types of structure (Applied)
Open or Closed narrative
My graphic novel has a closed narrative structure. This means the narrative has a conclusion to it and doesn’t just keep going on and
on, like an open narrative type. My narrative does this by making sure any questions are answered before the end and, the previously
mentioned equilibrium, is restored. I do this by making sure the villain, James, is defeated by the uprising. However, this
unconventional technique of the hero not defeating him was used by me instead of a battle of the two in the narrative.
Single strand or multi-strand narrative
A single strand narrative consists of one story been told. Where as a multi-strand narrative features many storylines and plots involving
the characters, these traditionally intertwine with each other. A single strand structure was used for my novel. I selected this structure
because I pinpointed a teenage audience for my target demographic and didn’t want to complicate the dynamics of the story, so
instead, kept it simple and remained with the story type I initially chose.
Linear or non-linear narrative
Linear narratives go through the story in complete order, from beginning to end, making sure the events are in order. A non-linear
narrative goes through the story out of order, this maybe by using techniques such as flashbacks or flash-forwards. My story is a linear
structured one. It does this by maintaining present day throughout my narrative, as well as containing a chronological order to it.
Realist or Anti-Realist narrative
Realist narratives focus on ‘real life’ and scenarios that could happen to anyone in their day to day life. Anti-Realist, as suggests,
involves characters, locations and events that are highly unlikely to exist, if not impossible. My narrative is set in the medieval times
so the scenarios won’t be relative for nowadays, but it’s a realist narrative that could have happened to anyone (execution for lying) in
the middle ages.
The army overthrow James and have an equal share in the monarchy. James’s head is put on a
spike and paraded through the streets of Winchester, cheers flood the street, as well as
The crowd shout for Mamad to be burnt. The man who never lies gets burnt at the
You are charged
under the lying to
the king act
Single strand narrative