Graphic narrative - Evaluation
Task 1
Harry Potter and the Philosophers stone
Propp’s character theory

The Hero

The Villain

The Princess’s father

The Donor ...
Propp’s character theory
The Hero
The main protagonist within a narrative, this is the character you would back in their q...
The Villain

The villain is the character type that tries to stop the hero or discourages the character from their quest f...
The Princess

This character type is either a desired character or object within the narrative. This character could be th...
The Helper

The helper usually supports the hero in his quest. This does not need to be a physical contribution, but could...
The Princesses' father

This character type sets up the quest for the hero. It doesn’t necessarily have to be the princess...
The Donor

This character type traditionally gives the hero something, such as a magical power or some knowledge. This
wil...
The Dispatcher

This character usually sends the hero on their quest. This maybe a family member of the hero or could
be c...
The False hero
This character appears to be a good character and at the start may even be mistaken for the hero. This char...
Propp’s narrative functions
Propp explains that every narrative has functions in them. Overall, there are 31 functions, bu...
Propp’s narrative functions that apply to my
Graphic novel
Reconnaissance – The villain seeks the King’s crown and the thr...
Todorov - Narrative structure
A state of equilibrium
Everything is well and the day to day lives of the characters is norm...
Todorov - Narrative structure (Applied)
A state of equilibrium
All is well in Winchester, the King calls upon Mamad and st...
Claude Levi Strauss – Binary Opposition
The French theorist came up with the idea that a story cannot exist without two op...
Claude Levi Strauss – Binary Opposition (applied)
Good vs. Evil
This is the main binary opposite within my narrative. The ...
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Evaluation task 1

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Evaluation task 1

  1. 1. Graphic narrative - Evaluation Task 1
  2. 2. Harry Potter and the Philosophers stone Propp’s character theory The Hero The Villain The Princess’s father The Donor + Dispatcher The Princess False Hero The Helper
  3. 3. Propp’s character theory The Hero The main protagonist within a narrative, this is the character you would back in their quest. You want this character to do well and therefore succeed with their quest. In Mamad is the hero within my graphic novel. This is due to the consumer backing this character because they know he’s been wrongly accused and framed. This enables the reader to back the character in the quest before his death and still remember him at the end, he’s the main protagonist in my story.
  4. 4. The Villain The villain is the character type that tries to stop the hero or discourages the character from their quest for their own personal gain. This is usually in stories where the villains motive is to get the princess’s hand in marriage. In my narrative, James/king James is my villain. He plots to first frame Mamad for lying to the king, while plotting to kill the king in the meantime. He tries, and succeeds, in upsetting the equilibrium and stops the hero for a personal gain. In this case the crown of Winchester was James's goal.
  5. 5. The Princess This character type is either a desired character or object within the narrative. This character could be the reason for a disruption in equilibrium between the hero and the villain. The crown of Winchester is the Princess in my novel. This is because it is a desired item to a character in the narrative, James. Even though the hero is not after the crown, it is the closest to a Princess character type in my story. An unconventional princess character type, due to a narrative like mine normally having an actual princess character as the desired item.
  6. 6. The Helper The helper usually supports the hero in his quest. This does not need to be a physical contribution, but could be information or knowledge instead. However, even a character backing a character in the narrative can be considered as the helper of the story. The noblemen is the helper in my narrative. Even if the nobleman doesn’t give any information or objects to the hero, he still backs him and doesn't chant “burn him” in the execution part. Instead, he shows his support for the hero, therefore, he receives the hero character type.
  7. 7. The Princesses' father This character type sets up the quest for the hero. It doesn’t necessarily have to be the princesses’ father, just someone who lays down a quest or tasks for the hero to complete. Unconventionally, The king is the ‘princesses’ father’ in my narrative. This is because he sets Mamad the task of never lying again in exchange for a place in the monarchy, he also sends Mamad to inform the Queen about making dinner.
  8. 8. The Donor This character type traditionally gives the hero something, such as a magical power or some knowledge. This will then help the hero complete their quest. In my narrative, I have not emulated the conventions of the donor character type, but instead made the corrupt nobleman the donor. I have done this because I had already planned for the twist for the hero to die, this enabled the donor to be evil and therefore unconventional from the norm. The corrupt nobleman is the donor because he gives James suggestions on how to get rid of the king and Mamad, while swaying the king on his decision to execute Mamad.
  9. 9. The Dispatcher This character usually sends the hero on their quest. This maybe a family member of the hero or could be combined with the false hero by feeding the hero false information at the beginning of the narrative which will send them down the wrong path or to the wrong person. The King is a character type again, by been the dispatcher in my narrative. He receives the title of dispatcher by sending Mamad on his quest, but doesn’t feed him wrong information.
  10. 10. The False hero This character appears to be a good character and at the start may even be mistaken for the hero. This character could gain the respect of many characters, including the hero's’ allies. However, the character is only pretending to be nice for their personal gain. As well as the title of villain, James also gets the false hero character type. He receives this grouping because he appears to be a good loyal subject of the King, but instead is plotting to destroy the monarchy. However, like many narratives, the false hero eventually ends up been the evident villain.
  11. 11. Propp’s narrative functions Propp explains that every narrative has functions in them. Overall, there are 31 functions, but not every narrative has all of them in. These are the functions that apply to my narrative, but in Propp’s words. The version that is relevant to my own graphic narrative is on the next slide: Reconnaissance:The Villain of the seeks something, traditionally the princesses' hand or a certain object Delivery: The villain gains some inside information, this could be about the object or some bad information on the hero, this could be about the hero’s past. First Function of the Donor: The hero is challenged to prove they are a heroic character type Hero’s Reaction: Hero responds to test (this is usually met by the hero succeeding) Guidance: the journey Hero reaches the destination they need to, this may lead to another (final) task or could be the end of Return: Hero gets ready to set back home from his journey Pursuit: Hero is chased from the Rescue: Pursuit ends Unfounded Claims: False hero makes unfounded claims Difficult Task: Difficult task proposed to hero Trickery: Villain attempts to deceive victim
  12. 12. Propp’s narrative functions that apply to my Graphic novel Reconnaissance – The villain seeks the King’s crown and the throne to Winchester. This is evident early on in the narrative. Delivery – The villain gains the information that Mamad is going to be sent on a quest to the summer palace by the king, this will be his chance to deceive Mamad. Departure – Mamad leaves on his adventure to the Summer Palace to tell the Queen to prepare a feast. First Function of the Donor - Mamad is challenged to prove his loyalty to the monarchy and more importantly, his promise that he wouldn’t lie to the King. Hero’s Reaction – Hero responds to the task by accepting the quest and going to the summer palace and tells the Queen what he believes to be correct. Guidance – The hero, Mamad, reaches the summer palace and tells the Queen to prepare a feast., thinking he’s in the right. Return – Mamad sets off back to Winchester castle believing that the King will be happy with his carrying out of the quest. Trickery – James blames Mamad for wasting food by telling the queen to prepare a feast, even though James had cancelled the hunting trip that would have prompted the feast. Difficult Task – Mamad must prove he is in the right, but the king has had his mind tainted by James’s lies for many years. Unfounded Claims – James claims Mamad should be punished for his acts. He has the backing of his corrupt nobleman also.
  13. 13. Todorov - Narrative structure A state of equilibrium Everything is well and the day to day lives of the characters is normal. A disruption of the equilibrium Something bad happens and disrupts the normality of the characters everyday life, this, in the long run will change the new normal. A recognition of a disruption The characters recognise that there has been a change and gives some sort of indication they have noticed it. An attempt to repair disruption The characters attempt to fix the disruption and attempt to return to equilibrium, even if the equilibrium has changed. A return to equilibrium Normality is restored and the characters go back to living their normal lives. However, something may have happened within the disruption that causes this equilibrium to be different. Traditionally, this is the case, which can be caused by death or destruction.
  14. 14. Todorov - Narrative structure (Applied) A state of equilibrium All is well in Winchester, the King calls upon Mamad and states he will be a key asset to the monarchy. The people of the city are happy with the running of Winchester by the King. A disruption of the equilibrium Mamad is wrongly accused of lying to The King and is sentenced to death. Shortly after, James poisons the King and gets handed the crown, the King not knowing about James’s villainous acts. The people of Winchester are in grieving over the death of the King, but no one knows about Mamad being framed. A recognition of a disruption The people of Winchester soon notice that new King James is a bad ruler, due to his introduction of very high taxes and strong law enforcement. An attempt to repair disruption A vigilante group of nobleman and towns people unite and create an uprising against the new King. They try to be peaceful, but King James threatens them all. The uprising group, behead the King and share the monarchy between all residents of Winchester. A return to equilibrium Even though two main figures have died in the city, peace is restored and Winchester now leave in peace from dictators. The shared monarchy is a success and it is kept permanently by the city.
  15. 15. Claude Levi Strauss – Binary Opposition The French theorist came up with the idea that a story cannot exist without two opposing sides. Strauss then explains, the conflict of these two sides is what drives the narrative forward. Some examples of this includes: Good Vs Evil (Most common) Men Vs Women (Used in modern stories, now equality has become more understood) Young Vs Old Police Vs Criminals Humans Vs Aliens Vs Goo d Vs Bad Aliens Humans
  16. 16. Claude Levi Strauss – Binary Opposition (applied) Good vs. Evil This is the main binary opposite within my narrative. The opposite is quickly evident in the novel, within the first 3 pages. It depicts James and a corrupt nobleman discussing how to get rid of Mamad, the good character in my narrative who never lies. James also plots to get rid of the King, this enigma and battle of binary opposites drives the story forward and makes the consumer want to continue. Good Bad One of the kings noblemen, James was becoming tired of been out of the limelight. He decided to plot how to get rid of Mamad Mamad promises he has never lied and won’t lie in the future. The king sees the man as a key asset. Too messy, we won’t harm him…. for now Beat him? We need to get rid of him Mamad this, Mamad that That is true my king Is it true you never lie? And you won’t in the future? Vs. Mur der? You will be a key asset to the monarchy

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