Module IIIThe Role of the Stakeholdersin Curriculum Implementation Prepared By: Hazel B. Aguilando Jeric Parungao
Meaning of Stakeholders• Stakeholders are individuals or institutions that are interested in the school curriculum.
1. Learners at the Center of the Curriculum For a particular curriculum design mentioned earlier, the learner is placed at the center. The learners are the very reason why curriculum is developed.
Learners at the Center of the Curriculum They are the ones who are directly influenced by it. After all, in curriculum implementation, the concluding question will always be: Has the learner learned?
Example of Learners at the Center of Curriculum• I consider the learner as the center of the education process. Everything in the curriculum should revolve around his/her interest, needs, abilities, and capabilities. The nature of the learner must be made the science of learning. The experiences of the learners must be the starting point in accomplishing the goals of education, to let them grow in knowledge, skills, abilities and attitudes. Josefa
Example of Learners at the Center of Curriculum• ‘‘Learners or students are the very reason why schools exist. It is the school’ responsibility to further develop the learners’ knowledge, skills, talents and attitude to face the different situations in life. It is through a responsive curriculum that these things can be achieved. A curriculum is effective if it enables all learners to relate the different school experience to their lives.’’ Monique
Learners at the Center of the Curriculum • It can be the gleaned that the learners are the primary stakeholders in the curriculum.
Learners at the Center of the Curriculum Gender Aspirations and Physical Personal Goals Universal Cultural individual Backgroun characteristic Age s of the d Students Mental Emotional Development Interest
Learners at the Center of the Curriculum• The success of the curriculum can only be measured by the extent of learning that he learners have achieved. …..therefore, a fit between the planned or written curriculum and the characteristics of the learner will guarantee success in education.
2. Teachers as Curriculum Developers and Implementers In teaching and learning process, the other side of the coin is the teacher. Most curricula start to gain life from the time it is conceived and written.
Teachers as CurriculumDevelopers and Implementers Primary RoleWriting of the Planning Teacher A teacher is a curriculum maker. He/she writes a curriculum daily through a lesson plan, a unit plan or a yearly plan.
Teachers as CurriculumDevelopers and Implementers• The teacher prepares activities for the students to do.• The teacher address the goals, needs interests of the learners by creating experiences from where the students can learn.
Teachers as Curriculum Developers and Implementers• The teacher designs, enriches, and modifies the curriculum to suit the learner’s characteristics.
Teachers as Curriculum Developers and ImplementersAs a curriculum developer… Faculty selection board School Textbooks evaluation committees committee Teacher
Teachers as Curriculum Developers and Implementers• Teachers are empowered to develop their own school curricula taking into consideration their own expertise, the context of the school and the abilities of the learners. …. By so doing, teachers become architects of school curriculum
Teachers as Curriculum Developers and Implementers• A developed curriculum remains enactive, if it is not implemented. …teacher role’s shifts from a developer to an implementer. …from a designer or technician to a decision maker.
Teachers as Curriculum Developers and Implementers• Curriculum implementation is now giving life to written materials. To do this, there is need of another actor, the learners.• No curriculum will succeed without the learners.
Teachers as CurriculumDevelopers and Implementers• The teachers’ role now shifts from planning to doing.• Doing here implies guiding, facilitating and directing activities which will be done by the students.
Teachers as Curriculum Developers and Implementers• The teachers’ role as an implementer is very crucial. Oftentimes, unsuccessful implementation of the curriculum becomes the root of educational failure, thus some would say that the root of the educational problem is the teacher.
Views of students about the teacher as curriculum maker and implementer• ‘‘Teachers shape the school curriculum by sharing the experiences that they have and the resources they are capable of giving or imparting to the learners. But as the old saying goes.’’ What can you give if you have nothing to give? Applies to the demand of teaches in curriculum implementation. -Marianna
Teachers as Curriculum Developers and Implementers• Although educational theorist and practitioners are giving value the idea of independent learning and learning how to learn, the role of the teacher in curriculum implementation has never diminished.• No technology can ever replace a teacher, it will only support the multifaceted role of the teacher.
3.Curriculum Managers and Administrators In a school organization, there is always a curriculum manager or school administrator.In fact, for school principals, one of their functions is being a curriculum manager.
Curriculum Managers and Administrators Procedure equipment Admit and students material Select needed for and effective recruit teachingSupervise newcurriculumimplement teacheration
Why are school administrators and curriculummanagers important to curriculum implementation?• The school administrators play an important role in shaping the school curriculum because they are the people who are responsible in the formulation of the school’s vision, philosophy, mission and objectives. They provide necessary leadership in evaluating teaching personnel and school program. Keeping records of curriculum and reporting outcomes are also the managers’ responsibilities. - Ceres
Curriculum Managers and Administrators• Indeed the role of the administrators can never be ignored. The principle of command responsibility and institutional leadership rests on the shoulders of the school administrators.
Curriculum Managers and Administrators• The final decision making in terms of the school’s purpose rests on the shoulders of school administrators.• In the academic institutions, school administrators have a great stake or concern about what kind of curriculum their school offer and how these is implemented.
4. Parents as supporters to the curriculum ‘‘ My child and my money go to this school.’’ It simply means that the parents are the best supporters of the school, specially because they are the ones paying for their child’s education.
How do the parents shape the curriculum and what are they consider as stakeholders:1. Effective parental involvement in school affairs may be linked to parent educational programs w/c is central to high quality educational experiences of the children. It is a well known fact that where you find an involved parent, you find better communication between home and school.
How do the parents shape the curriculum and what are they consider as stakeholders:2. The parents involvement extends from the confine of the school to the homes. The parents become part of the environment of learning at home. Parents follow up the lesson of their children especially in basic education. Parents provide curriculum materials that are not provided in schools.
How do the parents shape the curriculumand what are they consider as stakeholders:3. In most schools the Parent Association is organized.
5. Community Members as Curriculum Resources• success in the implementation of the curriculum requires resources.
Community Members as Curriculum Resources• The community members and materials in the existing local community can very well substitute for what is needed to implement the curriculum.
Community Members as Curriculum Resources• Respected community members maybe included in school boards• Some can become resource speakers.• They can provide local and indigenous knowledge in school curriculum
6.OtherStakeholders• Professional organizations have shown great influence in school curriculum.
Other Stakeholders in Curriculum Implementation• They are asked by curriculum specialists to contribute in curriculum review since they have a voice in the licensure examinations, curriculum enhancement and many more.
Other Stakeholders in Curriculum Implementation• often, professional organization have a better view of the industry where the graduates of the curriculum go.
Other Stakeholders in Curriculum Implementation• Some of these organizations are those of each profession, like teachers’ organization, lawyers’ organization, medical doctors’ association, engineers’ organization and many others.
Other Stakeholders in Curriculum Implementation• On the other hand, since all schools in the country, are under the regulation of the government as provided for in the Philippine Constitution, then the government has a great stake in curriculum implementation.
Other Stakeholders in Curriculum Implementation• The government is represented by the:1.Department of Education (DepEd) for basic education curricula.2.Commission on Higher Education (CHED) for the tertiary and graduate education.
Other Stakeholders inCurriculum Implementation 3.The Professional Regulations Commission (PRC).
Other Stakeholders in Curriculum Implementation• PRC through the Professional Regulatory Boards, conducts examinations for some degree programs like the Licensure Examination for Teachers, Accountants, Dentists, Engineers and Nurses among others while the Supreme Court has a professional bar exam to certify lawyers and the Philippine Medical Association through its Medical Board of Examiners conducts medical board exams for the licensure examination for doctors.
Other Stakeholders in Curriculum Implementation• The DepEd and the CHED have mandatory and regulatory powers over the implementation of any curricula. PRC has high stake in the school’s curricula because the graduates of the different tertiary degrees must be certified as professionals.