Use the imperfect tense in German when you want to say… Imperfect Tense I did something Ich machte etwas
Use the imperfect tense in German when you want to say… Imperfect Tense I did something Ich machte etwas
Example; I played tennis. Ich spielte Tennis. Imperfect Tense
… or…  I have played tennis. Ich spielte Tennis. Imperfect Tense
… or…  I was playing tennis. Ich spielte Tennis. Imperfect Tense
It is used mainly in  writing  for... Imperfect Tense NARRATIVE, REPORTS and ACCOUNTS
Write an Introduction to the Imperfect Tense… <ul><li>When is it used? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the English equivalents ...
sein <ul><li>ich </li></ul><ul><li>du  </li></ul><ul><li>er/sie/es </li></ul><ul><li>Sie   </li></ul>simple past of wir ih...
haben <ul><li>ich </li></ul><ul><li>du  </li></ul><ul><li>er/sie/es </li></ul><ul><li>Sie   </li></ul>simple past of wir i...
Translate the following… <ul><li>I  was  old. </li></ul><ul><li>I  had  a cat. </li></ul><ul><li>I  was  happy. </li></ul>...
There are... 1)  WEAK VERBS Imperfect Tense
To form the imperfect of weak verbs do this: <ul><li>get the stem (usually just take the ‘-en’ off the end of the verb e.g...
Complete these sentences in the Imperfect tense <ul><li>Ich ………Rugby. (spielen) </li></ul><ul><li>Du …….. deine Hausaufgab...
2) STRONG VERBS Imperfect Tense
<ul><li>STRONG verbs have the POWER to change the VOWEL and sometimes the CONSONANTS in the imperfect tense e.g.  </li></u...
Strong verbs take the following set of endings on the changed stem: Imperfect Tense ich nahm (no ending) du nahm st er/sie...
Write down the stem of these important strong verbs… <ul><li>fahren – </li></ul><ul><li>gehen- </li></ul><ul><li>sehen – <...
Translate these sentences into the Imperfect tense <ul><li>Ich …….nach Deutschland.(fahren) </li></ul><ul><li>Ich …..in di...
knew begann helfen verlieren vergessen English translation German Imperfect Stem German Infinitive
Complete the sentences… <ul><li>Ich …. (sein) M üde und ich …..(schlafen). </li></ul><ul><li>Ich ….. meiner Mutter.(helfen...
Some irregular STRONG verbs take the weak verb ending in the imperfect tense: denken - ich  dach te Some irregular WEAK ve...
Perfect Tense YOU JUST HAVE TO LEARN  THEM AS YOU GO ALONG!! As this is quite confusing, there is only really one way of g...
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The Imperfect Tense Year 10

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The Imperfect Tense Year 10

  1. 1. Use the imperfect tense in German when you want to say… Imperfect Tense I did something Ich machte etwas
  2. 2. Use the imperfect tense in German when you want to say… Imperfect Tense I did something Ich machte etwas
  3. 3. Example; I played tennis. Ich spielte Tennis. Imperfect Tense
  4. 4. … or… I have played tennis. Ich spielte Tennis. Imperfect Tense
  5. 5. … or… I was playing tennis. Ich spielte Tennis. Imperfect Tense
  6. 6. It is used mainly in writing for... Imperfect Tense NARRATIVE, REPORTS and ACCOUNTS
  7. 7. Write an Introduction to the Imperfect Tense… <ul><li>When is it used? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the English equivalents to ‘ Ich spielte Tennis’ </li></ul>
  8. 8. sein <ul><li>ich </li></ul><ul><li>du </li></ul><ul><li>er/sie/es </li></ul><ul><li>Sie </li></ul>simple past of wir ihr sie Sie war warst war wart waren waren waren waren
  9. 9. haben <ul><li>ich </li></ul><ul><li>du </li></ul><ul><li>er/sie/es </li></ul><ul><li>Sie </li></ul>simple past of wir ihr sie Sie hatte hattest hatte hattet hatten hatten hatten hatten
  10. 10. Translate the following… <ul><li>I was old. </li></ul><ul><li>I had a cat. </li></ul><ul><li>I was happy. </li></ul><ul><li>They were sad. </li></ul><ul><li>He had money. </li></ul><ul><li>We had nothing. </li></ul>
  11. 11. There are... 1) WEAK VERBS Imperfect Tense
  12. 12. To form the imperfect of weak verbs do this: <ul><li>get the stem (usually just take the ‘-en’ off the end of the verb e.g. mach(en) </li></ul><ul><li>add ‘-t’ e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>add these endings e.g. </li></ul>mach t Imperfect Tense ich macht e du macht est er/sie/es macht e wir macht en ihr macht et sie/Sie macht en WEAK VERBS
  13. 13. Complete these sentences in the Imperfect tense <ul><li>Ich ………Rugby. (spielen) </li></ul><ul><li>Du …….. deine Hausaufgaben. (machen) </li></ul><ul><li>Ich …….. Meine Oma. (besuchen) </li></ul><ul><li>Wir ……. Fahrkarten. (kaufen) </li></ul><ul><li>Er …… in einem kleinen Haus. (wohnen) </li></ul><ul><li>Ich ……. Musik. (hören) </li></ul><ul><li>Jens und Karl ……… Tennis. (spielen) </li></ul>
  14. 14. 2) STRONG VERBS Imperfect Tense
  15. 15. <ul><li>STRONG verbs have the POWER to change the VOWEL and sometimes the CONSONANTS in the imperfect tense e.g. </li></ul>helfen - es half leiden - sie litt To get the imperfect of strong verbs remember: Imperfect Tense STRONG VERBS
  16. 16. Strong verbs take the following set of endings on the changed stem: Imperfect Tense ich nahm (no ending) du nahm st er/sie/es nahm (no ending) wir nahm en ihr nahm t sie/Sie nahm en STRONG VERBS
  17. 17. Write down the stem of these important strong verbs… <ul><li>fahren – </li></ul><ul><li>gehen- </li></ul><ul><li>sehen – </li></ul><ul><li>trinken- </li></ul><ul><li>geben- </li></ul><ul><li>fliegen- </li></ul><ul><li>schreiben- </li></ul>
  18. 18. Translate these sentences into the Imperfect tense <ul><li>Ich …….nach Deutschland.(fahren) </li></ul><ul><li>Ich …..in die Stadt.(gehen) </li></ul><ul><li>Wir …..den Film.(sehen) </li></ul><ul><li>Der Mann …… Bier.(trinken) </li></ul><ul><li>Du ….. nach Italien.(fliegen) </li></ul><ul><li>Meine Schwester ….. mir ein Geschenk. (geben) </li></ul>
  19. 19. knew begann helfen verlieren vergessen English translation German Imperfect Stem German Infinitive
  20. 20. Complete the sentences… <ul><li>Ich …. (sein) M üde und ich …..(schlafen). </li></ul><ul><li>Ich ….. meiner Mutter.(helfen) </li></ul><ul><li>Ich ….kein Geld. ( haben) </li></ul><ul><li>Der Polizist …… den Dieb. (sehen) </li></ul><ul><li>Er ….. meinen Geburtstag. (vergessen) </li></ul><ul><li>Ich ….. ‘ Guten Tag!’ ( sagen) </li></ul><ul><li>Ich ….. Ein neues T-Shirt. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Some irregular STRONG verbs take the weak verb ending in the imperfect tense: denken - ich dach te Some irregular WEAK verbs change their vowel and sometimes consonant in the imperfect tense: bringen - er br achte Imperfect Tense IRREGULAR (or mixed) VERBS
  22. 22. Perfect Tense YOU JUST HAVE TO LEARN THEM AS YOU GO ALONG!! As this is quite confusing, there is only really one way of getting to know them properly… (sorry!) IRREGULAR (or mixed) VERBS

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