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Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System:  Progress and Challenges
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Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System: Progress and Challenges

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Presentation to the Kenyan Banker's association on December 9, 2009.

Presentation to the Kenyan Banker's association on December 9, 2009.

Published in: Economy & Finance, Business
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    • 1. POLITICAL & ECONOMIC RESEARCH COUNCIL by Michael Turner, Ph.D. & Robin Varghese, Ph.D. Nairobi, Kenya – December 9th, 2008 Implementing a Kenyan Credit Information Sharing System: Progress and Challenges
    • 2. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Information Sharing in Theory & Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Notice No. 97 </li></ul><ul><li>Findings: The State of Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions: Lessons and Recommendations </li></ul>Agenda
    • 3. <ul><li>Background: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PERC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US-based non-profit, research institute </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International experts on credit reporting, credit access (retail/commercial) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advised governments in 15 countries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Australia, Brazil, Chile, China, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Singapore, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Trinidad & Tobago, United States </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Introduction
    • 4. <ul><li>Assess CRB implementation process </li></ul><ul><li>Examine business logic of credit information sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Provide findings from interviews with banks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Progress to date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate and near-term challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide findings from interviews with bureaus </li></ul><ul><li>Provide recommendations based upon findings </li></ul>Why are We Here?
    • 5. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Information Sharing in Theory & Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Notice No. 97 </li></ul><ul><li>Findings: The State of Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions: Lessons and Recommendations </li></ul>Agenda
    • 6. Types of Reporting Systems <ul><li>NEGATIVE ONLY </li></ul><ul><li>Applications (not approvals) </li></ul><ul><li>Delinquencies (90+) </li></ul><ul><li>Defaults </li></ul><ul><li>Bankruptcies </li></ul><ul><li>Liens </li></ul><ul><li>Bad checks </li></ul><ul><li>Purged 5-10 years </li></ul><ul><li>POSITIVE PAYMENT </li></ul><ul><li>All negative data </li></ul><ul><li>All Positive (on-time) payment data </li></ul><ul><li>Public record data </li></ul><ul><li>Account balance </li></ul><ul><li>Account type </li></ul><ul><li>Lender </li></ul><ul><li>Date opened </li></ul><ul><li>Inquiries </li></ul><ul><li>Purged 5-7 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FULL FILE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(also includes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debt ratios (revolving to total debt) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credit limit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amount paid/balance due </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portion of accounts repossessed/ written off </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated income range </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interest rates (unusual) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Socio-demographic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obsolete 7-10 years </li></ul></ul>
    • 7. Benefits of Sharing Credit Information <ul><ul><ul><li>Consumers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced probability of over-extension </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greater and fairer access </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Credit offers reflect credit risk and credit capacity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lenders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improved loan portfolio performance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced provisioning and capital adequacy requirements (Basel 2) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable & affordable growth into new markets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Economy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Better financial services efficiencies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Affordable growth in domestic consumption </li></ul></ul></ul>The Economy Lenders Consumers
    • 8. Lender Benefits from Credit Information Sharing Furnishers can reduce losses.
    • 9. Borrower Benefits from Credit Information Sharing <ul><li>More information brings excluded into the reporting system and thereby widen credit access. </li></ul><ul><li>Increases in acceptances disproportionately enjoyed among traditionally excluded: </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic/racial minorities </li></ul><ul><li>Low-income </li></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>Young </li></ul>Table 5: Change in the Acceptance Rate with Reporting Regime Change   U.S., with Utility Data U.S., with Telecom. Data U.S. Full-File Colombia Full-File (without = 1.00) (without = 1.00) (Neg. only = 1.00) (Neg. only = 1.00) Ethnicity Asian 1.14 1.08     Black 1.21 1.11 1.28   Hispanic 1.22 1.17 1.37   Other 1.11 1.11     White 1.08 1.08 1.22   Age 18-25 1.14 1.1 1.47 18.31 (c) 26-35 1.06 1.06 36-45 1.05 1.06 1.22 6.48 (d) 46-55 1.06 1.06 1.21 4.54 (e) 56-65 1.06 1.06 1.20 3.85 (f) >65 1.14 1.13 1.19 Household Income (000) <20 1.26 1.22 1.36 (a)   20-29 1.15 1.14 1.3 (b)   30-49 1.1 1.08 1.24   50-99 1.06 1.05 1.21   >99 1.03 1.03 1.18   Gender Female 1.09 1.08   12.39 Male 1.08 1.08   5.91 (a) Actual Range is <15,000; (b) Actual Range is 15,000-29,000; (c) Actual Range is 18-32; (d) Actual Range is 32-42, (e) Actual Range is 42-50; (f) Actual Range is > 57.
    • 10. Economic Benefits from Credit Information Sharing * p < 0.1 ** p < 0.05 ***p < 0.01 Source: IMF International Financial Statistics; World Bank, Doing Business database <ul><li>Lesson: what matters? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creditor Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Private bureau </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>full-file </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>with widespread participation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>For a country, going from no adults to having all (100% of) adults with positives and negatives in a private bureau increases private sector lending by more than 60% of GDP. </li></ul><ul><li>(Without the US and UK, which have high private sector lending, the estimated increase is still more than 45% of GDP .) </li></ul>
    • 11. PERC Estimations Consistent With Harvard/World Bank Study <ul><li>Study by Harvard and World Bank economists of 129 countries (for years 1999-2003)* </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private bureaus increase lending as a share of GDP by an estimated 20 percentage points </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But didn’t take into account effects of participation rate or reporting system (negative only vs. full-file) </li></ul>* Simeon Djankov Caralee McLiesh Andrei Shleifer, “Private Credit In 129 Countries.” National Bureau Of Economic Research, Working Paper 11078, http://papers.nber.org/papers/w11078.pdf
    • 12. <ul><li>Established: Financial sector mobilizes savings and allocates capital for investment and consumption  growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Some estimates of impact.* If private sector lending increased by 33% of GDP, results for economy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>+1.0% annual per capita GDP growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>+0.8% annual per capita capital stock growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>+0.8% annual productivity growth </li></ul></ul>Finance is Crucial to Economic Growth *Derived from findings of Ross Levine, “Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda” Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 25(June 1997), pp. 688–726. Their findings are consistent with those of other studies, see Jose De Gregorio and Pablo Guidotti, “Financial Development and Economic Growth.” World Development , Vol. 23, No. 3, (March 1995) pp. 433-448. Their reported impacts were larger.
    • 13. <ul><li>Uses of information: </li></ul><ul><li>Enables cheap automated application models </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral models for monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>More efficient provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>Assists with new product development </li></ul><ul><li>Fraud detection, AML </li></ul>Wide Uses in Lending At the core of a rich information sharing system: sound business logic .
    • 14. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Information Sharing in Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Framework: Legal Notice No. 97 & Credit Providers Assoc. </li></ul><ul><li>Findings: The State of Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions: Lessons and Recommendations </li></ul>Agenda
    • 15. <ul><li>Given benefits, why hasn’t it emerged without intervention? </li></ul><ul><li>Often unmet technical preconditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>technical capacity deficiencies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>high coordination costs (e.g. transmission protocol) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data practices (e.g. data dictionary) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Competitive Concerns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cream skimming, poaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less savvy fear relatively more savvy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutional framework necessary: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For protection of data subjects: rights of access, redress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For rules that prevent unbalanced strategic manipulation by one user against others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Market failure implied </li></ul>Why Regulations?
    • 16. <ul><li>Key Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Mandated negative reporting (NPL) to all licensed CRBs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From banks, finance companies and savings and loans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No provisions for MFIs and SACCOs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Licensing process for CRBs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological requirements (security, data integrity) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound business plans and adequate capitalization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1 February 2009 deadline for reporting of NPL data (all NPL data on books) </li></ul><ul><li>1 February 2009 first date to submit CRB license application </li></ul>Banking (Credit Reference Bureau) Regulations 2008
    • 17. <ul><li>Credit Providers Association (KBA members and others) developed additional set of industry codes to promote: </li></ul><ul><li>Positive information sharing through practices such as reciprocity </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusion of data reporting standards (formats, frequency, quality) </li></ul><ul><li>Collection practices (consumer content, notification) </li></ul><ul><li>First industry steps are about developing business value of credit information sharing. Industry to be congratulated. </li></ul>Proposed Constitution and Code of Conduct for CPA
    • 18. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Information Sharing in Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Framework: Legal Notice No. 97 & Credit Providers Assoc. </li></ul><ul><li>Findings: The State of Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions: Lessons and Recommendations </li></ul>Agenda
    • 19. <ul><li>Interviews with banks </li></ul><ul><li>1 small: < Ksh 2B in assets; < Ksh 1B in loans and advances </li></ul><ul><li>4 medium: Ksh 10B < x < Ksh 20B in assets; Ksh 6B < x < Ksh 17B in loans and advances </li></ul><ul><li>1 large: > Ksh 80B in assets; > Ksh 45B in loans and advances </li></ul><ul><li>Survey: sent to all KBA members </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews of at least: </li></ul><ul><li>Risk managers </li></ul><ul><li>ICT Managers </li></ul><ul><li>Credit Managers </li></ul><ul><li>And often </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other operational manager </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examination of database </li></ul>State of Implementation: Approach
    • 20. <ul><li>Banks interviewed about implementation efforts undertaken to date, including: </li></ul><ul><li>Technical: Information & Communication Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>changes to systems; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>interfaces with core banking systems and bank database </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operational </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data extraction and data transfer formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data collection process from loan application onward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notification--informing consumer/borrowers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness: Informing staff from loan officers to risk managers to IT </li></ul></ul>Bank Interviews: Topics/Focus
    • 21. <ul><li>Banks were also interviewed about: </li></ul><ul><li>Their attitudes towards a credit reporting system and what they expect from it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generally supportive--willingness to participate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expect need for continued CBK involvement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Challenges in the implementation process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological —shortages of IT, skills, operational guidance on reporting to bureaus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational —educational materials, curricula for training, use of data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulatory —meeting regulations, clarifications, gaps in law and codes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market-- competitive concerns </li></ul></ul>Bank Interviews: Topics/Focus
    • 22. Finding 1A: Furnishers Need Clarification <ul><li>Efforts among some banks have reached impasse. </li></ul><ul><li>Banks need technical guidance to push ahead: </li></ul><ul><li>Final data template (required fields and optional ones) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issue of existing/historical NPLs vs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accounts going forward (stalled also until final data template defined) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Final data exchange file format(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to central point v. to CRBs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>leased lines v. encrypted protocol over Internet </li></ul></ul>
    • 23. Finding 1B: Furnishers Need Clarification <ul><li>Efforts among some banks have reached impasse. </li></ul><ul><li>Banks need guidance on CRBs to push ahead: </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines for CRB licensing/re-licensing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequency of security audit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency of data security standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specification of other data uses, e.g., use of data for model construction (permissibility requirements) </li></ul></ul>
    • 24. Finding 2: Challenges for Banks <ul><li>IT and Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Develop scripts to extract data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some smaller banks need modest IT investment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some smaller banks need consulting assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium and large ones interviewed are ready save for clarification issues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Customer communications </li></ul><ul><li>Working on notices; need model notices </li></ul><ul><li>Public education concerns given potential PR fallout </li></ul><ul><li>BUT chiefly, how to meet the deadline for filing? </li></ul><ul><li>Banks manually completing forms (many will not be complete) </li></ul><ul><li>CRBs expecting delivery of physical media (DVD-ROMs) on Feb. 1 </li></ul>
    • 25. Finding: Need for Further Clarification for CRBs <ul><li>CRBs are preparing for Feb 1…. </li></ul><ul><li>Apply for license </li></ul><ul><li>Ready to receive data from creditors </li></ul><ul><li>BUT , guidelines needed for CRB (re-)licensing </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency of data security standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are acceptable standards for data security? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are acceptable standards for physical security? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What data will be mandated and what will not subsequently? </li></ul><ul><li>Specification of acceptance of data disclosure requirement: Mail? Web? </li></ul><ul><li>Specification of reverification procedures </li></ul>
    • 26. Immediate Clarification v. Evolving Industry Standards <ul><li>Some issues must be quickly settled through industry coordination: </li></ul><ul><li>Reverification procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission protocols if not specified by regulators </li></ul><ul><li>Some issues will be settled by industry coordination but over time: </li></ul><ul><li>Data dictionary of required fields (CRBs are coordinating to develop) </li></ul><ul><li>What will have to be mandated, what is voluntary (innovation in system) </li></ul>
    • 27. Immediate Clarification Issues for CBK <ul><li>Some issues must be settled by CBK quickly: </li></ul><ul><li>Final specification of required fields </li></ul><ul><li>Data exchange format (singular or accepted list) </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission structure </li></ul><ul><li>Elaboration of guidelines on permissible uses of data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not immediate for deadline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But as positive data comes in </li></ul></ul>
    • 28. Perhaps Chief Finding <ul><li>The implementation process underway is for a regulatory obligation, not for the implementation of a system a sound business logic. </li></ul><ul><li>Every bank interviewed, with a single exception, discussed credit information sharing as a compliance issue. </li></ul><ul><li>No unprompted discussion of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying optimal methods to send/receive data; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using data for improving loan portfolio performance; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building scoring models </li></ul></ul>
    • 29. Explaining the Chief Finding <ul><li>Banks understand the value of info sharing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aware of efficiencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aware of value of positive data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aware of benefits of analytic products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But operationally, what is being instituted is compliance procedures for regulatory obligations </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of business enabling system is either absent or proceeding slower </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issues such as sharing data while addressing competitive concerns are part of a system built by business logic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CPA Codes of Conduct one step towards keeping industry focused on business case for credit information sharing </li></ul></ul>
    • 30. At The Same Time… One cannot let the perfect be the enemy of the good…
    • 31. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Information Sharing in Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Framework: Legal Notice No. 97 & Credit Providers Assoc. </li></ul><ul><li>Findings: The State of Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions: Lessons and Recommendations </li></ul>Agenda
    • 32. Considerations for Data Format Clarification <ul><li>For clarification in reporting formats: </li></ul><ul><li>Final data template of required fields should be specified quickly, including harbors for missing data (historical) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specify that excel form v. data format </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Final data exchange file format(s): issues for consideration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open standard v. proprietary: i.e., low cost, non-proprietary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adequate availability of skills, ease of training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensibility and customizability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commonly accepted best practice standards for security and privacy, e.g., PGP (pretty good privacy) </li></ul></ul>
    • 33. Considerations for Transmission Structure Clarifications <ul><li>For clarification in transmission structure: </li></ul><ul><li>(Report to central source v. Report to each bureau) </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission to CBK or CPA site for retransmission to bureau </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pros: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simplified </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less worry about entry and exit of new CRBs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cons: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inserts regulators or industry association into a business process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Single site = Single critical point of failure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Issue of leased lines v. Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unless existing CBK lines used, leased lines expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Routing to CBK introduces regulator into market/business process </li></ul></ul>
    • 34. CRB Licensing & Re-licensing <ul><li>Need clarification on guidelines for CRB (re-)licensing </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency of security audit </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency of data security standards </li></ul><ul><li>Potential solution : use internationally recognized standards, ISO/IEC, BS, etc. </li></ul>
    • 35. Technical Operational Challenges for Bank Compliance <ul><li>IT and Skills: </li></ul><ul><li>Banks need to address this </li></ul><ul><li>Must allocate necessary resources for data extraction/transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Some banks lack wherewithal to develop script </li></ul><ul><li>Customer communications </li></ul><ul><li>Provide some model notifications </li></ul>
    • 36. Certification for CRBs by Int’l Standards <ul><li>Consider international data security certification standards </li></ul><ul><li>Transparent to CRBs and to banks </li></ul><ul><li>Clear certification procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Change periodically with changes in tech, so are current </li></ul><ul><li>Solves problems of need for modifying standards and compliance re-certification </li></ul>
    • 37. CBK Must Avoid Over-Clarification <ul><li>Some issues must be quickly settled by CBK: </li></ul><ul><li>Final specification of required fields </li></ul><ul><li>Data exchange format (singular or accepted list) </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission structure </li></ul><ul><li>But too much clarification by CBK does not effectively balance regulatory and business systems. </li></ul>
    • 38. On Chief Finding <ul><li>Current implementation process has banks focusing on compliance and not on business processes/opportunities: </li></ul><ul><li>Project manager must guide industry through this division and lead stakeholders to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better understand and act upon system’s business logic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foster the creation of industry norms and relationships that make the system one for growth and efficiency </li></ul></ul>
    • 39. Reality Check… <ul><li>Lenders better off embracing process than just doing minimum necessary to comply. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on efficiency enhancements </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on new product developments </li></ul><ul><li>Fuller participation (positive information sharing) yields greater benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable growth in new markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved loan portfolio performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More efficient provisioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fairer lending </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To realize these benefits, you--the banking industry--must engage the process and create a system for business and compliance, not just for compliance. </li></ul>
    • 40. POLITICAL & ECONOMIC RESEARCH COUNCIL 100 Europa Drive, Suite 403 Chapel Hill, NC 27517 USA www.infopolicy.org Phone: +1.919.338.2798

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