Bmc english language_composition(situationalwriting)_articles_slideshare
English Paper 1Section B: Situational WritingArticles
Lesson Agenda• By the end of the lesson you would be able to:▫ Describe what an article is▫ Identify its approaches▫ Identify its format▫ Practice writing an article
Articles in the examinations• In the Singapore context, articles are a form oftext-type that occurs in Section B of the EnglishLanguage Paper 1• The word count for this is 180-250 words
Think Time – In pairs• What makes a good article?• Its relevance to current affairs• The language used• The length of the article
Here are some General Characteristics• Definition:▫ An article is a piece of writing usually intended for publication in a newspaper, magazine orjournal.• Audience:▫ Written for a wide audience, needs to attract readers‟ attention• Comprises:▫ Amusing stories, reported speech and descriptions▫ formal or informal, depending on the target audience• Conveys:▫ Articles should give opinions and thoughts, as well as facts▫ Articles have a less formal style than a report
Subject matter of articles• Describes an experience, event, person or place• Presents an opinion or balanced argument• Compares and contrasts ideas or points of view• Provides information• Offer suggestions & advice on a matter of greatinterest.
Recap of main points on Articles• What are articles?• What do articles convey?• Can you name some subject matter for articles?
Step 1: Planning and Brainstorming• Before you begin to write – you need to plan what you want to convey inyour article. Here is an worked example:• Introduction:▫ Tell your readers what you are going to tell them.▫ E.g.: “…This article explains how to create a PowerPoint slide presentation. Itcovers the following information: choosing a theme, creating a title slide, andcreating topic slides...”• Body:▫ Tell your readers what you promised to tell them.▫ Each point is explained in one paragraph• Conclusion:▫ Recap for your readers what you just told them
Format of Article and Language used inArticles• Format:▫ Intro▫ Body▫ Conclusion• Language Features:▫ Interesting Language▫ Paragraphs▫ Linking Words
1. A Title/Heading• Why should you give your article a title?• a) It tells the reader what they are going to read• b) It reminds you to keep your focus• c) It looks good!
Article Writing – A walkthrough• You have been asked to write an article about aninteresting place you have visited.• You have to include good points and bad pointsabout this place.• You have to write between 100 and 120 words.
Let’s return to the question:„You have been asked to write an article about aninteresting place you have visited. You have toinclude good points and bad points about thisplace. You have to write between 180 and 250words.‟One student decides to write about a visitto the National Museum in Singapore.• What title should they give their article?
1. Title• Here are some suggested titles. Comment onthem and decide which one you like best:▫ The National Gallery‟▫ Life is short, art is long‟▫ „My Visit‟▫ „Pleasure in Art‟▫ „More than just paintings‟▫ The finer things in life‟▫ „The Best Art Museum in the World‟
2. Planning (con’td)• You have 100-120 words to write, including good and bad points.• Sub-heading 1 = Introduction• Sub-heading 2 = Good Points• Sub-heading 3 = Bad Points• Sub-heading 4 = Conclusion• It really is very easy!!!!• Now your writing is organised and you already know you are going to writefour paragraphs – you‟ll get some marks before you even start writing!
3. Interesting Language• Remember – a teacher will read your article. If it‟sboring, you won‟t get many marks!• Use a variety of language – verb tenses, nouns,adjectives.• Don‟t just use the present simple and say everythingis „nice‟ or „boring‟ – that doesn‟t make your article„nice‟ – it makes it very „boring‟!!!!!
3. Interesting Language• Compare these two paragraphs. Why is the secondone better?• „The National Gallery has lots of paintings. There arelots of different rooms. People from all over theworld visit it. It is very famous.‟• „The National Gallery has lots of monuments. You‟llfind a number of different rooms. It has been visitedby people from all over the world because of itsfame.‟
3. Interesting Language• Now look at this paragraph. Can you think ofdifferent words to replace the underlinedadjectives?• The National Gallery is nice. The paintings arevery nice. I had a nice time there. The rooms arenice but some people think they‟re boring. I sawsome nice art there. Art is sometimes boring.London is nice and the people there are nice. Ithink writing articles is very boring.
3. Interesting Language• How many synonyms can you think of for „people‟ in acomposition about the National Gallery?• Everyone/Everybody• Tourists• Some• Foreigners• Critics• The English• Visitors• Fans
4. Paragraphs• Now you need to think how you could begin eachparagraph to make it interesting for the reader.• Any suggestions?
4. Paragraphs• Here‟s an idea:▫ Start each paragraph with a question. (A common strategy)▫ Then answer the question with your second sentence.• For example:• Introduction▫ „What makes the National Gallery worth visiting? It‟s incredibly diverseart collection, of course.‟▫ Then continue the paragraph with information about theNational Gallery and your visit.▫ This makes your composition more interesting.
4. Paragraphs• Now you try.• Think of an opening question and answer forparagraphs two and three – Good Points andBad Points.• Remember – the question should make thereader want to know the answer.
5. Linking Words• What do we use linking words for?▫ To link ideas!▫ They help organise our writing.▫ Provides greater clarity in your article• Can you think of any linking words?
5. Linking or Transitional Words• We use linking words to order information:▫ Firstly, Secondly, Finally etc.• We use linking words to add information:▫ Furthermore, In addition, Moreover etc.• We use linking words to contrast ideas:▫ However, In contrast, Nevertheless, On the contrary, On the one hand…on theother hand etc.• We use linking words to summarise or reach a conclusion:▫ In conclusion, In sum etc.• Write these linking words in your notebook or commit them to memory!
Class Practice• You‟re going to write an article.• This is the question:▫ „You have been asked to write an article aboutSingapore for students from another country. Youhave to include good points and bad points. You haveto write 180-250 words.• What do you need to remember before you startwriting your article?
Pre-Writing• 1. A Title – what will you call your article?• 2. Planning – how many & what will you call them?• 3. Interesting Language – nouns, verbs and adjectives –try not to repeat words.• 4. Paragraphs – how many & how will you begin them?• 5. Linking Words – try to include two in each paragraph.
REMEMBER!• Read the question carefully• Make sure you answer it correctly• Think about who you are writing the article for.• Check your spelling and grammar• Check the number of words• Plan your answer carefully.
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