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Building a National Data Infrastructure to Advance Patient-Centered Comparative Clinical Effectiveness Research

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Executive Director Joe Selby's slide presentation at the National Press Club Roundtable event on April 22, 2013.

Executive Director Joe Selby's slide presentation at the National Press Club Roundtable event on April 22, 2013.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
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  • 1. Building a National Data Infrastructure to Advance Patient-Centered Comparative Clinical Effectiveness Research Joe V. Selby, MD, MPH, Executive Director 1
  • 2. About PCORI An independent, non-profit research organization authorized by Congress as part of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) PCORI funds comparative clinical effectiveness research that provides patients and those who care for them the information they need to make better informed health care decisions. 2
  • 3. PCORI’s National Priorities for Research 3 Accelerating PCOR and Methodological Research Improving study designs and analytic methods of PCOR Building and improving clinical data networks Methods for training researchers, patients to participate in PCOR Establishing methodology for the study of rare diseases Assessment of Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment Options Improving Healthcare Systems Communication & Dissemination Research Addressing Disparities Accelerating PCOR and Methodological Research
  • 4. Distinct (Complementary) Approaches Emerge PCORI National Workshop to Advance Use of Electronic Data Palo Alto, CA July 2-3, 2012 Clinical Data Networks Patient- Powered Research Networks
  • 5. Ideal Data Infrastructure for PCOR Covers large, diverse, defined populations from usual care settings Allows for complete capture of longitudinal data Capacity for collecting patient reported outcomes Active patient and clinician engagement in governance of data use Is efficient in terms of costs for data acquisition, storage, analysis Linkages to health systems for rapid dissemination of findings Capable of randomization— at individual and cluster levels Desirable Characteristics of a Data Infrastructure for Patient-Centered Outcomes Research
  • 6. National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network: Our Vision 6 Builds on: Recent widespread implementation of electronic health records in ambulatory and hospital settings Previous and ongoing efforts to build research networks Growing interest of patient organizations to participate in and govern clinical research activities Growing awareness of health care delivery systems and clinicians of the need for good research evidence drawn from clinical practice
  • 7. Previously Funded Research Networks Specialty Societies Payers Innovators and Entrepreneurs Industry • Meaningful Use • Nationwide Health Information Network • Federal Health Architecture • EHR Certification Standards & Interoperability Framework ONC • Mini-Sentinel • OMOP FDA • DRNs • PBRNs • Registries • SPAN • PROSPECT • EDM Forum AHRQ • SEER Registries • CTSA • Collaboratory • CRN, CVRN • eMERGE Network • PROMIS/ NIH - Snomed-CT, LOINC NIH • VistA • iEHR (2017) VA 2011 Report: Digital Infrastructure for the Learning Health System: The Foundation for Continuous Improvement in Health and Health Care IOM
  • 8. National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network: Our Vision 8 Characteristics: A “network of networks” Two types of component networks: systems-generated and patient driven networks Active involvement of health care systems, of clinicians and of patients A commitment to establishing inter-operability and data sharing across networks and ready collaboration with the larger research community
  • 9. National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network: Our Vision Capabilities: Rich clinical data from electronic health records and other data sources stored in standardized, interoperable formats. Capacity to conduct both observational studies and randomized trials embedded in clinical settings Rigorous practices for data security and confidentiality Appropriate IRB and human subjects oversight Utility for comparative clinical effectiveness, safety studies, surveillance, etiologic research, and potentially for pre- approval trials 9
  • 10. Funding Opportunity Two funding announcements for up to $68 million to support development of a National Patient- Centered Clinical Research Network.  Clinical Data Research Networks (CDRN)  Patient-Powered Research Networks (PPRN) Key Dates:  April 23, Funding Announcement Release Date  June 19, Letters of Intent (LOI) Due  September 27, Application Deadline  December, Awards Announced 10
  • 11. Clinical Data Research Networks (CDRN) 11 $56 million to support up to 8 new or existing CDRNs for 18 months to expand capacity for conducting efficient CER studies, both randomized and observational, across multiple CDRNs using data from clinical practice in large, defined populations COOPERATIVE AGREEEMENT AWARDED END OF 18 MONTHS • At least two health care systems engaged • EHR instituted at all systems • Willingness to and capacity to work toward data standardization with other awardee networks • Willingness to participate in collaborative studies with data sharing as part of a national research infrastructure • > 1,000,000 patients enrolled • Data standardized within network and with other awardee networks • Patients, system, and clinicians engaged in network governance & use • At least three patient cohorts identified, characterized, and surveyed • Capable of implementing clinical trials
  • 12. Patient-Powered Research Networks (PPRN) $12 million to support up to 18 new or existing PPRNs, their progression toward larger networks, and their collaboration with CDRNs. 12 COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT AWARDED • Target size of 0.5% of U.S population with condition: (minimum of 50 patients for rarest diseases; 10,000 for most common) • Patient-reported data collected for at least 80% of cohort • Patients fully involved in network governance • Standardized data suitable for sharing with other infrastructure members • Patients with a single condition, interested in research participation. • Ability to increase size and diversity of patient membership with a disease of focus • Willingness to build standardized database of patient-reported data • Willingness to explore collection of electronic clinical data. END OF 18 MONTHS
  • 13. 13 National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network: Our Vision Steering Committee Scientific Advisory Board Special Expert Group Coordinating Center Staff
  • 14. Toward a National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network 14 Patient Organizations
  • 15. Potential Participants, Partners, Data Sources 15 Patient Organizations Medical Groups Disease Registries Health PlansPractice Based Research Networks Integrated Delivery Systems CMS, State, County Health Data Medical Centers
  • 16. This is just the beginning… 16
  • 17. Today’s Roundtable What is the healthcare community’s vision for how a national data network can support research and address the questions that matter most to patients? What are the challenges in creating a national research infrastructure? Where can PCORI’s investments provide unique value? 17

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