Shipping Container Architecture Research

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Research document on shipping container architecture for HL Design Group, September 2010

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Shipping Container Architecture Research

  1. 1. SHIPPING CONTAINER ARCHITECTURE SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  2. 2. INTRODUCTIONShipping container architecture is a form of architectureusing steel intermodal containers (shipping containers)as structural element, because of their inherentstrength, wide availability and relatively low cost. MOVIE REF: 1-Shipping Container Homes.flv SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  3. 3. BUILDING MATERIALShipping containers are tough - built from weathering steel.Designed to withstand stacking, stuffing and strapping and are reused over and over.There are estimated 17 - 20 million of these containers scattered around the world today.Today, as many as 1 million shipping containers may be sitting around unused.The surplus is especially profound in the United States, northern Europe and China. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  4. 4. ADVANTAGES - RAW MATERIAL STRENGTH & DURABILITY • An ideal building material. • Designed to carry heavy loads, stacked in high columns, resist harsh environments - weather and resistant to salt corrosion, etc. MODULAR • Made to standard measurements and provide modular elements that combine into larger structures - This simplifies design, planning and transport • Due to the containers modular design additional construction is as easy as stacking more containers - They can be stacked up to 12 high when empty. TRANSPORT • Pre-fabricated modules can also be easily transported by ship, truck or rail AVAILABILITY • Used shipping containers are easily available across the globe SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  5. 5. ADVANTAGES - CONSTRUCTION LOW STRUCTURAL COST - HIGH STRENGTH • Available at low costs (compared to a finished structure built by labor-intensive means such as bricks and mortar, which also require larger more expensive foundations) • Construction involves very little labor and requiring only simple modification • Can be purchased from US$1,200 each (used) to US$6000 (new) • Shipping containers offer a huge structural strength for a fraction of the cost of traditional timber steel and concrete constructions SMALL FOOTPRINT - LARGE LIVING AREA • Ideal for multi-story dwellings or office space, offering a large usable area in a small footprint SHORT CONSTRUCTION TIME • A container house can be built, on average, 40% faster than a comparably sized traditional house UNLIMITED POTENTIAL FOR DIFFICULT SITES • Requiring less demanding foundation preparation • Pre-fabricated construction with interlocking modular compartments SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  6. 6. DISADVANTAGES TEMPERATURE • Steel conducts heat very well - containers used for human occupancy will have to be better insulated than most brick, block or wood structures. LABOUR • The welding and cutting of steel is considered to be specialized costly labour. BUILDING PERMITS • Currently not yet widely used for residential structures - Obtaining building permits may be troublesome in some regions with municipalities. TREATMENT OF TIMBER FLOORS. • Most container floors when manufactured are treated with insecticides containing Copper (23-25%) Chromium (38-45%) and Arsenic (30-37%) • Before human habitation floors should be removed and safely disposed of. CARGO SPILLAGES • With used containers - spillages or contamination may have occurred and requiring all internal surfaces should be abrasive blasted to bare metal, and re- painted with a non toxic paint system. SOLVENTS • Solvents released from paint and sealants used in manufacture might be harmful. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  7. 7. CURRENT OVERVIEW MOVIE REF: 2-Container Living. flv SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  8. 8. ALL ABOUT SHIPPING CONTAINERSShipping containers are standard shapes, sizes and construction virtually everywhere in the world.When an ISO shipping container is used solely for shipping it can have four main names:• Shipping Container• ISO Container• Cargo Container• Conex BoxWhen an ISO shipping container is used solely for shipping it can have four main names:• ISBU• Intermodal Steel Building Unit• ISBU module• GreenCubeISBU is from the name Inter-modal Steel Building Unit. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  9. 9. ISO CONTAINER SPECIFICATIONSThe common types of ISO shipping containers are:• 20 GP (standard type)• 40 GP (standard type)• 20 HC (meaning High Cube. It is 1 foot taller than a standard 20 GP)• 40 HC (meaning High Cube. It is 1 foot taller than a standard 40 GP)• Open top (not commonly used for construction)• Open side (not commonly used for construction)• Freezer, or Refrigerated (not recommended for ISBU home construction) LxWxH LxWxH Weight 20 GP 20-0 x 8-0 x 8-6 External 19.4 x 7-8 x 7-10 Internal 6,460 lbs 40 GP 40-0 x 8-0 x 8-6 External 39.6 x 7-8 x 7-10 Internal 8,300 lbs. 40 HC 40-0 x 8-0 x 9-6 External 39.6 x 7-8 x 7-10 Internal 8,600 lbs.20 HC units are manufactured but not commonly available unless ordered direct from the factory . SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  10. 10. UntitledISO CONTAINER SPECIFICATIONS40 GP Shipping Container Dimensions Metric Standard US Standard External Length 12,192 40 Width 2,438 8 Height 2,591 8-6” Internal Length 12,032 39 – 5 45/64" Width 2,352 7 – 8 19/32” Height 2,393 7 – 10 7/32” Door Opening 2,340 7 – 8 1/8”Summary: 2,280 7 – 5 49/64”This is a GP or standard height shippingcontainer and is 12" shorter in height than Cubic Capacity CU Meters CU Feetthe taller HQ shipping container. That is theonly difference. 67.7 2,390Other names for an ISO shipping container KG LBSare, ISBU, Inter-modal shipping container,cargo container, C-Blox, and conex box. Maximum Gross Weight 30,480 67,200 Tare Weight 3,820 8,420 Maximum Load 26,660 58,780 SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  11. 11. UntitledISO CONTAINER SPECIFICATIONS20 GP Shipping Container Dimensions Metric Standard US Standard External Length 6,058 19 – 10 1/2" Width 2,438 8 Height 2,591 8-6” Internal Length 5,898 19 – 4 13/64" Width 2,352 7 – 8 19/32” Height 2,393 7 – 10 7/32” Door Opening 2,340 7 – 8 1/8”Summary: 2,280 7 – 5 49/64”This is a GP or standard height shippingcontainer and is 12" shorter in height than Cubic Capacity CU Meters CU Feetthe taller HQ shipping container. That is theonly difference. 20 HQ version is also 33.2 1,170available. KG LBSOther names for an ISO shipping containerare, ISBU, Inter-modal shipping container, Maximum Gross Weight 30,480 67,200cargo container, C-Blox, and conex box. Tare Weight 2,200 4,850 Maximum Load 28,280 62,350 SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  12. 12. UntitledISO CONTAINER SPECIFICATIONS40 HQ Shipping Container Dimensions Metric Standard US Standard External Length 12.192 40 Width 2,438 8 Height 2,896 9-6” Internal Length 12,032 39 – 5 45/64" Width 2,352 7 – 8 19/32” Height 2,698 8 – 10 7/32” Door Opening 2,340 7 – 8 1/8”Summary: 2,585 8 – 5 49/64”This is an HQ or sometimes called HCmeaning High Cube and is 12" taller than Cubic Capacity CU Meters CU Feetthe standard GP shipping container. That isthe only difference. 76.4 2,700Other names for an ISO shipping container KG LBSare, ISBU, Inter-modal shipping container,cargo container, C-Blox, and conex box. Maximum Gross Weight 32,500 67,200 Tare Weight 4,850 5,600 Maximum Load 28,700 61,600 SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  13. 13. ISO CONTAINER TYPESPhotos of 50 types of specialty ISO Shipping Containers used globally. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  14. 14. GLOBAL SHIPPING CONTAINERINDUSTRY OVERVIEWThe introduction of the standard shipping container in the early 60’s completely changed freight transportation - replacing manuallabour with highly automated container vessels, carrying thousands of standard 40’ container, loaded and unloaded at a dazzlingspeed.The first shipping containers were manufactured by Japan, Europe, then later Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan - accounting for about90% of all shipping container production.Not many years later after the container was widely used, China geared up to become what it is today, the workshop of the world -millions of tons of ‘made in china’ goods find their way to the West all in standard shipping containers.China Takes The LeadChina entered into the shipping container manufacturing in 1980.Gaining momentum beginning in 1993 from Chinas low cost of labor and also becomingthe largest producer and recycler of steel.By 1995 even Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea and most of Europe were producing theirshipping containers in Mainland China.By 2000 China had become the world’s largest manufacturer of ISO shipping containers.By 2007 China was producing 82% of the entire world supply of ISO shipping containers SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  15. 15. ADAPTIVE REUSEThe greatest interest in ISBU Shipping Containerhomes and construction are: 1. The need to remove hundreds of thousands of surplus Shipping Containers sitting in U.S. and other Global ports. 2. The low cost of construction - owning a small home or apartment seemed to gather much interest, globally.With more goods coming out of China to theworld than going in and with the rising costs offuel, transporting empty containers back costsmore than a new one, made in China.By 2005 there were an estimated 700,000 sittingin U.S. ports alone due to the exploding growth MOVIE REF: 3-Adaptive Reuse. flvof imports from China. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  16. 16. ADAPTIVE REUSELOW BUILDING COSTSRecycled or unwanted 20 foot and 40 foot steel shipping containers arebeing converted into office and residential structures around the world,cutting building costs "by half".AVAILABLE MATERIAL RESOURCE10 per cent of the worlds 65 million steel shipping containers are takenout of circulation each year and set aside for recycling into "habitainers","container homes" or even "saunaboxes".GLOBAL MARKET ACCEPTANCEAt least 50 container conversion projects are in progress worldwide,including the USA, UK, Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Canada, SouthAfrica, Poland, Switzerland, Norway, Estonia and Australia. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  17. 17. contact Click on the images for more information about each design. for your site and architectural vision. Click on the images for more information about MODULAR BUILDINGS multi-modular each design. home Designs can be modified to suit site and lifestyle, or townhouse 1 portfolio Custom developed design for site and architectural vision.esign Concepts benefits townhouse 1 containers ouse designsipping containers contactd to suit your site develop a designon. modular living element houseormation about Addis shipping container house design area: 102 sq m (1070 sq ft) seaside city footprint: random features: multi-modular lounge, multi-modular dining, townhouse 1 kitchen, 1 x double bedroom, 1 x single bedroom, 1 x dressing room, bathroom (shower and separate bath) glass accessway. exterior: baby corrugate full depth solar glass windows alloy louvre sun-shades stainless trim This modular design is ideal for larger sites and can be added to easily, and arranged in almost any seaside city combination. townhouse 2 All modules are transportable on NZ roads. seaside city back to portfolio SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  18. 18. PRE-FABRICATED BUILDING SYSTEMS A HOTEL IN 10 STEPS 1 Design thehotel setting / land- scaping / public space Parking, orientation (sun), outside facilities (sport), equipment, storagePrefabrication of complete turn-key homes and hotel rooms require 2 Choose or own design) layout (example your building Elevators, # of storeys staircases, facilities (reception, restau-a very short set-up time. 3 Choose your hotel room and volume Budget restrictions, market expectations, construction, galleries & balconies, site limitations 4 Local ...... Fire regulations, climate conditions, air conditioning, level of luxuryUsed units can be relocated simply with standard equipment and 5 Determine budget local construc- tion works Foundation, roof, cladding, basement, available space, access to construction site, storagereused many times without loss of quality. 6 Make a sketch design of the whole project Ask Tempohousing for a sketch design and provide information about the site and the area 7 design building licences 8 Detail all designs and constructions and installations Order a complete detailed project design & technical descrip- tion of the entire project 9 Order prefab hotel rooms Provide planning and quality control staff in the factory 10 Involve localand commissioningmonitor construction contractor and process Involve construction management consultants PRICES 3 star-hotel design, The Hague (NL) 4 star-hotel design, Yenagoa (Nigeria) SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  19. 19. PRE-FABRICATED BUILDING SYSTEMS MOVIE REF: 4-Modultec Presentation. flv Production Hall SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  20. 20. BEST USE EXAMPLESTRAVELODGEUxbridge, UK 120 rooms and a bar/cafe over 8 floors made from 86 shipping containers. The containers were prefabricated in China with plasterboard walls, electrics and bathrooms already in place before being shipped to the UK. Stacked and assembled, the containers are simply bolted together and once installed at the site, windows are fitted, the modules are decorated and furnished, and then the exterior of the building is cladded. Did not require specialized labor and was 40 - 60% faster than conventional hotel construction, and saving up to 10 weeks of construction time. Costing only £4.5 million ($6.72 million) comparing to a conventional 100 bed room hotel costing £5 million pounds ($7.47 million) Two different sizes of container were used, creating: • Double rooms which measure 5m x 3m • Family rooms which measure 3.5m x 6m • Disabled rooms are also available Travelodge Heathrow planned for 307 guest rooms. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  21. 21. BEST USE EXAMPLESHOTEL iSLEEPLa Muela, Zaragoza, Spain Pre-fab hotel with 2 levels on 0.3 acres (1187.84 sq m) 48 triple rooms equipped with: • Deluxe double bed (1.5m wide) + single bed • Fully adjustable climate control • En-suite bathroom • Extra large laptop in-room safe Biosphere certified - granted by The Institute of Responsible Tourism (ITR), establishes sustainability, quality and environment requirements.; associated with UNESCO and World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) • First accommodation with an entirely bioclimatic architecture - MOVIE REF: 5-iSleep Hotel Construcción. flv 40% reductions in energy consumption vs. traditionally constructed hotels). • Built in 4 months using Modultec modular systems - steel structure made of recovered or recycled steel. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  22. 22. BEST USE EXAMPLESHOTEL iSLEEPLa Muela, Zaragoza, Spain Entrance and Interior Views SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  23. 23. BEST USE EXAMPLESLABOUR HOTELDiemen, Netherlands 5 levels, consisting of 25 units of prefab container units. The units are delivered fully furnished - each unit has: a separate shower, separate toilet, kitchen, dining / TV area and 3 bedrooms - each bedroom has 2 single beds. Exterior finish concealing containers with separate cladding - foam filled steel sheet panels The hotel has a stairwell on either side. This hotel is rented out to an employment agency for workers and is fully booked for the next 5 years - In October 2013 the hotel will be relocated and will be replaced by a permanent residential development (up market apartments). Each prefab container unit area: 645 sq ft (60 sq m) each SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  24. 24. BEST USE EXAMPLESHOTEL YENAGOAYenagoa, Nigeria 4 storys of prefabricated hotel rooms are placed, divided into two wings. Containing 168 rooms: • 132 “King” model rooms - each 258 sq ft (24 sq m). • 36 suite rooms - non-standard units of 516 sq ft (48 sq m.) specially designed for the project. • Each room finished to a high standard, with individual air conditioning and furniture suited to a luxury room. "King" model rooms consists of two 45 ft long (13,5m) units - shipped separately and connected on the construction site. • Square room measuring 18 ft (5,5m) by 15 ft (4,5m). • Central corridor 6.5 ft (2m) wide. • Each room with individual temperature control - AC unit located above the entrance • Bathroom - fully tiled and equipped with a hanging toilet, granite sink top, large mirror and a luxurious bathtub. The basement and the ground floor built with traditional concrete. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  25. 25. BEST USE EXAMPLES41 BERANGANKuala Lumpur, Malaysia 11 room budget hotel with 2 courtyard rooms surrounding garden from 20 ft shipping containers, Each features: • Garden view • Air conditioning • Internet access SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  26. 26. BEST USE EXAMPLESISBU HOTELMobile Structure, Netherlands Constructed from a single 40 foot ISBU Container Home. Contains all the comforts of a mid range hotel room. Designed for multilevel high density stacking in very modest footprints for temporary event accommodation. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  27. 27. BEST USE EXAMPLESKEETWONENAmsterdam, Netherlands The largest complex in the world constructed of shipping containers - 1,000 units. Built in 2005 to provide 5 year’s worth of temporary student housing, now extended to 2016. Each unit has surprisingly soundproof walls as well as its own bathroom, kitchen and balcony. The complex also “contains” cafes, shops, art studios and even mini-gyms. Integrated a rooftop to accommodate efficient rainwater drainage while providing heat dispersal and insulation for the containers beneath. Today, the 2nd most popular student dormitory in the city, with a 2 year waiting list to rent. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  28. 28. BEST USE EXAMPLESCONTAINER CITYLondon, UK Container City I (2001) - 2 levels of red containers stacked flush together. Container City II (2002) - up to 5 levels of multi-colored containers, criss-crossing at interesting angles. Container City I and II are connected by a skywalk. Especially popular with artists who can rent a container home for as little as £250 a month (though the containers in the prime locations and with the best windows go for as much as £1,500). SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  29. 29. BEST USE EXAMPLESTHE RIVERSIDE / CONTAINER CITY IIILondon, UK The third and largest part of the Container City projects, completed in 2005. 73 containers creating 5-story complex with 22 commercial studio / office space. Has fully glazed front facades, sleek lines and external decked walkways and balconies providing spectacular views at an affordable price. Completed in 8 days. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  30. 30. BEST USE EXAMPLESSPACEBOX:UNIVERSITY OF UTRECHT STUDENT HOUSINGUtrecht, Netherlands Each container unit built up from five composite panels consisting of a fire resistant material, a foam core, and a polyester finish. Spacebox units are connected horizontally or vertically, and can be designed in any color. Up to 10 Spaceboxes can be produced per day. Each comes with toilet, cooking facility and high-speed internet. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  31. 31. BEST USE EXAMPLESOSLOFJORDWEG STUDENT HOUSINGAmsterdam, Netherlands 380 shipping containers creating neighbourhood of temporary student housing (box) Located on the former NDSM-wharf, an industrial area, now transformed into a new-media park with upcoming events and creative companies. Each 258 sq ft (24 sq m) box costs about 350 euro to rent, has its own: • kitchen • bathroom • toilet • tv-connection • internet SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  32. 32. BEST USE EXAMPLESSTUDENT HOUSING DIEMENDiemen, Netherlands 5 story student housing with 250 rooms (1 room : 1 prefab container unit), laid out as a square with a garden in the centre. All units are heated with natural gas, from a central installation located in one of the ground floor units. Has concrete walkways as a special feature. Construction time about 12 weeks for 250 units from stacking to final commissioning - average of 4 to 5 units per day (actual stacking speed approximately 20 units a day). SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  33. 33. BEST USE EXAMPLESLAURUS WING STUDENT HOUSINGCanberra, Australia Student housing for Canberra’s Australian National University - Australia’s largest building made from shipping containers. 6-story extension made from prefabricated shipping containers built in China and shipped to Australia, 70 units of student rooms: • Mix of one-bedroom apartments and studios • Additional spaces including a common room, laundry and bike storage • Each self-contained unit has individual bathroom and kitchen facilities, workspace with internet access, and a balcony. Completed in 6 months (after the materials were ordered). Currently in second stage to provide: 188 rooms SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  34. 34. BEST USE EXAMPLESCRUELe Havre, France Concept for a student housing complex made in a pyramid- like structure out of 100 recycled shipping containers. Total of 100 rooms (1 container : 1 room) SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  35. 35. BEST USE EXAMPLESNEW PARK STATIONNewark, New Jersey, USA Nine-building complex made from ISO containers - For an urban multi-family, mixed use project utilizing shipping containers. Concept entry for “livethebox.org.” contest on creative utilizations of shipping containers as the primary construct. Rooftops serve as both gardens and water retention and recycling systems. Buildings are naturally ventilated and allow for air to flow from underneath the building and up through light wells. The original doors of the shipping containers are used as shading devices to reduce solar heat gain in the summer months and control views for privacy. MOVIE REF: 6-New Park Station.flv SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  36. 36. BEST USE EXAMPLESPIER 57New York City, USA A NYC waterfront redevelopment attraction to be constructed of refurbished shipping containers. Mixed-use proposing rooftop deck for watching films, flexible green space, open-air public market, and underwater educational and exhibition space. With proposed structure of 170,000 sq ft for work spaces - rented to local artisans, and a public market for selling their wares Below the water levels, is proposed an additional 90,000 sq ft “Underwater Discovery Center” which includes exhibition and education spaces. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  37. 37. BEST USE EXAMPLESLAFAYETTE STREET, NEW YORKNew York, USA Ongoing project for retail and residential mix-use development situated in the heart of New York. Ground and 1st floor - retail units with home residences above. Containers used: 70 Units created: 15 SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  38. 38. BEST USE EXAMPLESHOME/OFFICE - SCULPITAntwerp, Belgium 4 stacked container units making live - work SOHO unit with 4 vertical rooms. Total space measures 8 ft (2.4m) wide by 18 ft (5.5m) deep by 39 ft (12m) high. 1st floor - Work / 2nd floor - Dining room / 3rd floor - Living room / 4th floor - Bedroom. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  39. 39. BEST USE EXAMPLES12 CONTAINER HOUSEMaine, USA Created by stacking 12 shipping containers in a T-shape. Replacing some of the steel panels with large windows - for scenic view (looking out over the rocky peninsula to Blue Hill Bay). Price of construction kept at about $125/square foot - by using readily available, inexpensive shipping containers to construct the home. Currently, rents for $6,000-10,000/week. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  40. 40. BEST USE EXAMPLESQUIK HOUSENew Jersey, USA 3 bedroom prefab made from 6 shipping containers. Delivered by flatbed truck - installed within three months. Constructed at cost of $150 a square foot. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  41. 41. BEST USE EXAMPLES2+ WEEKEND HOUSETrebnje, Slovenia Uses containers specifically built for housing (as environmentally friendly as using surplus shipping containers) Efficient floorplan with all electrical wiring and plumbing connections built in, making it possible to construct a 2+ Weekend House extremely quickly. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  42. 42. BEST USE EXAMPLESCROSSBOXBrittany, France Private residence built from 4 containers With a green roof garden. Utilizes drywall and cladding to camouflage the industrial skeleton. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  43. 43. BEST USE EXAMPLESC640 HOMESeattle, WA, USA Pre-fab single ‘cargotecture’ residence with 700 sq ft covered deck - Assembled from component based kit modules with structure coming from 2 shipping containers. 1.5 bedroom and 2.5 bedroom (comes with master suite) kits - Modular and stackable - combining to create multi-level complex. Flexi space configurable as additional sleeping space, 1 or 2 berth storage space, or a home office. Additional features: • Floor to ceiling glazing (for solar exposure or scenic views) • Wraparound deck Delivery within 5 months. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  44. 44. BEST USE EXAMPLESROSS STEVENS CONTAINER HOUSEWellington, New Zealand 3 stacked 40 ft containers set into cliffside. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  45. 45. BEST USE EXAMPLESANAND BUNGALOWSSelangor, Malaysia Made from 6 shipping containers creating 2,551 sq ft of living space on 2 storys. Includes rainwater harvesting, natural ventilation, water-efficient fixtures, dual-flush toilets, and abundant natural lighting to minimize energy consumption. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  46. 46. BEST USE EXAMPLESSANDWICH MARKET (KRABI CONTAINER HOUSE)Krabi Province, Thailand 4 containers creating 2 level building on 0.6 acres (2,400 sq m) • Ground level - 2 containers for sandwich shop, kitchen and storage • First Level - 2 containers for private residence of shop proprietors. Construction cost: $39,000 SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  47. 47. BEST USE EXAMPLESCOVE PARK ARTIST’S RETREATPeaton Hill, Argyll & Bute, Scotland 6 containers used for 3 units of Artist’s live / work space. Installation time for first 3 units: 3 days. From the success of the first 3 units, 6 more were commissioned and completed in 2006. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  48. 48. BEST USE EXAMPLESCAMP CINCOBrewster County, Texas, USA American Institute of Architects 2009 Housing Awards Winner. Guest cabins designed to be a retreat that could be quickly and easily built with minimal environmental impact. Each containers was outfitted off site with a rear window and MDF floor, walls, and ceiling. Project size: 800 sq ft (combined) Construction cost: $202 / sq f SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  49. 49. BEST USE EXAMPLESTHE CONTAINERSan Antonio, Texas, USA Single container located in San Antonio artists’ community - as playhouse, garden retreat and guesthouse for visiting artists. Portion of space retained as a garden shed and the rest serve as the living space. Added floor-to-ceiling glass doors and windows, heating and air- conditioning, a green roof, bamboo flooring and wallcovering, a small sink and shower and a composting toilet. Placed on a base made from recycled telephone poles. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  50. 50. BEST USE EXAMPLESPORT-A-BACHMobile Structure, New Zealand A holiday home product designed to be self contained with walls that fold up Bach is a kiwi word for a small holiday home. Transported anywhere with relative ease and be inhabited without any electricity or plumbing hookup. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  51. 51. BEST USE EXAMPLESECOPODMobile Structure, California, USA 1280 cubic foot (8 ft x 20 ft) steel storage container transformed into a living, working and high end display spaces. Powered off grid, with an 80 watt solar panel, can also be powered by conventional electrical tie-in. Uses include extra bedroom, Art studio, Portable office, Product showroom, Short term accommodation, etc. Easy to set-up and locate, low environmental foot print, solar power, secure, low maintenance and easy to relocate, at relatively low costs. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  52. 52. BEST USE EXAMPLESALL TERRAIN CABINBritish Columbia, Canada Big enough for a family of four and a pet - designed so its owners could live off the grid, but not without comfort. Transported by train, truck, plane, helicopter or ship. Once installed, it expands into a 480 sq ft living space, fully equipped for self-sustained, off-grid living. Made to look ultra-modern with aluminum, wood and glass fixtures and fittings. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  53. 53. BEST USE EXAMPLESC320 STUDIOSeattle, WA, USA 320 sq ft unit with large living and dining space (75% of total space), with separate bathroom and sleeping area. Designed to house one person or couple comfortably. Foundation is pre-cast concrete footings. Interior walls, floor and ceiling made of durable finish plywood. Fixtures are stainless steel, Counters are built of waterproof ‘Paper-stone’ - all materials chosen to nearly eliminate toxic off-gassing. The bathroom is tied to an above-ground ‘green machine’ septic, but could also fit into a conventional septic system. Fully insulated to current international code. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  54. 54. BEST USE EXAMPLESFUTURE SHACKMobile Structure, Australia Recycled shipping container used to form the main volume of a mass produced relocatable house for emergency and relief housing. • A parasol roof packs inside the container - When erected, the roof shades the container and reduces heat load on the building • Legs telescope from the container enabling it to sited without excavation on uneven terrain. • Modified to provide thermal insulation and ventilated through a series of openable vents the free flow of fresh air. • Has the capacity to be fitted with bathroom /kitchen depending upon local requirements.. Self-contained - packed within the container are: water tanks, solar power cell, satellite receiver, roof access ladder, container access ramp and parasol roof. Mobile & Reusable - can be packed back into itself and relocated or stockpiled for future use. Time required for assembly on site - 24 hours SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  55. 55. BEST USE EXAMPLESFREITAG SHOPZurich, Switzerland 17 used shipping containers building the world’s tallest building made of shipping containers at 26 m (85 ft) high - it is the tallest building in Zurich of any sort. The first four floors of the building are for store display space, other containers are used for storage and for the staircase that takes visitors to a viewing platform at the very top of the building. MOVIE REF: 7-Freitag Shop Time-lapse. mov SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  56. 56. BEST USE EXAMPLESPUMA CITYMobile Structure, USA / UK / EU 24 shipping containers, arranged into 3-story stack, weighing at 220 tons. 11,000 sq ft for multilevel retail store, bar, and event space. Containing also offices, changing rooms, and a cantilever open-air viewing deck on the third level. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  57. 57. BEST USE EXAMPLESGAD GALLERYOslo, Norway Art Gallery made from 10 shipping containers Insulated on the inside, and covered with sheets of plywood and sheetrock (gwb) all painted like a classical white cube. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  58. 58. BEST USE EXAMPLESPLATOON KUNSTHALLESeoul, Korea 28 shipping containers building for Exhibition hall, Art centre and Theater Space. 3,000 sq ft of space also houses art studio space, exhibit areas, a restaurant and bar, as well as lots of open public space. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  59. 59. BEST USE EXAMPLESNOMADIC MUSEUMMobile Structure, USA A temporary museum housing constructed with paper tube columns and 148 shipping containers - stacked and staggered creating the walls. Measures 66 ft (20 m) W by 673 ft (205 m) L Total area of 48,400 sq ft (4500 sq m) The building and its contents are easily assembled and disassembled then shipped in the same shipping containers that make up the walls. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  60. 60. BEST USE EXAMPLESASPERN URBAN DEVELOPMENT INFO CENTREVienna, Austria Proposal for the Aspern Urban Development Information Center as the catalyst for the largest urban development in the Danube region. Stacking of container creating a temporary building with floor space of 8,700 sq ft (810 sq m), incorporating: • Offices • Exhibition spaces • Multifunctional event space • Café lounge • Observation deck to overview the construction site of a new, 240 hectares, mixed-use urban centre. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  61. 61. BEST USE EXAMPLESC3600 COMMERCIAL LOFTSeattle, WA, USA Two 3-story buildings - structure from 12 reused shipping containers. Providing about 7,200 sq ft of built space on 7,000 sq ft lot - For use as Office space and Retail showroom gallery - incorporating double-height galleries filled with natural light. Features a green roof and sustainable landscaping, recycled materials and habitat restoration incorporating new constructed wetlands into the property. Recycled container parts from this project will be integrated into the landscape as fences and other features. Building costs reduction of 20% to 40% compared to typical commercial construction costs. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  62. 62. BEST USE EXAMPLESSTUDIO BOX OFFICEProvidence Rhode Island, USA 10,000 sq ft office complex from 32 shipping containers, offers 12 units of class A office space. Estimated to use 35% less energy than the average office space. Assembled in 4 days using pre-cut containers transported to site on trucks. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  63. 63. BEST USE EXAMPLESMVP OFFICESanta Ana, California, USA 10 nos. reused 20 ft shipping containers as office rooms in a warehouse space. Costing $1,000 each and configured with windows, doors, electricity, heating, and air conditioning for $3,000 - $4,000 each. (Because heating and cooling a large space like a warehouse, can get expensive) only the containers are heated/cooled as necessary creating savings of $3,000 per month on energy costs. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  64. 64. BEST USE EXAMPLESFAWOOD CHILDREN’S CENTRELondon, UK RIBA Stirling Prize Shortlist (2005) and RIBA London Region Award (2005). Designed as a vast shed-like enclosure encompassing brightly coloured classroom units interspersed with protected external play areas. Internal accommodation for the nursery provided by a number of recycled shipping containers painted in bright colors and decorated with artwork. Fitted with under-floor heating and simple finishes for efficient and low cost classroom space. Three groups of 3-story shipping container structures are connected by walkways, projecting balconies, lift and steel staircases. Total area: 130,000 sq ft. Enclosed accommodation on 3 floors: 6,670 sq ft. Covered play area on ground floor: 4,630 sq ft. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  65. 65. BEST USE EXAMPLESSKINNER’S PLAYGROUNDCHILDREN’S ACTIVITY CENTREMelbourne, Australia 4 re-used containers, joined in a staggered arrangement. Intimate and public spaces were created for a variety of functions including study, painting, dancing and lounging about - each container was oriented to produce visual and physical connections to surrounding playground spaces. Rainwater drains off the containers into a pond and reed bed. SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  66. 66. BEST USE EXAMPLESDUNRAVEN SPORTS HALLSouth West London, UK Award for best Small Building Project at British Construction Industry Awards in 2009, and shortlisted for 7 others. Uses recycled shipping containers to create space for a 4 court sports hall, viewing gallery, changing rooms and office space over two floors. Total Space created : 88, 350 sq ft Surrounding structure: 29,000 sq ft / Central atrium : 59,300 sq ft SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  67. 67. BEST USE EXAMPLESILLY PUSH BUTTON HOUSEMobile Structure Constructed within a standard industrial shipping container - the home, which transforms at the push of a button. Unfolds into a chic, minimalist furnished five-room home with a kitchen, dining room, bedroom, living room and library. Created only from recycled and recyclable materials. MOVIE REF: 8-Illy Push Button House. flv SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  68. 68. BEST USE EXAMPLESFROEBE BLING CONTAINER BARMobile Structure, Austria Gold-plated shipping container bar made from an upcycled 20 ft shipping container. Ppainted gold and outfitted with a hydraulic system, so that it opens up with a push of a button to reveal a modern, red interior, Read more: Froebe: Gold-Plated Shipping Container Bling Bar | Inhabitat - Green Design Will Save the World SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  69. 69. BEST USE EXAMPLESAQUA BARMobile Structure, Singapore 2-story mobile bar and clubbing venue built from 3 x 20 ft ISO Containers. Accommodates 500 persons. Assembly time: 18 hours for main structure + up to 24 hours for decor and bar stocking SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  70. 70. REFERENCES & LINKSHow to buy a shipping containerhttp://www.isbu-info.org/all_about_shipping_containers_buying.htmTransporting your ISBUhttp://www.isbu-info.org/all_about_shipping_containers_transporting.htmHow to buy a shipping containerhttp://www.isbu-info.org/all_about_shipping_containers_buying.htmContainer suppliers listinghttp://www.db9000.com/Container accessories listinghttp://www.db9000.com/shipping-container-parts-accessories.htmlShipping container drawings for CADhttp://www.isbu-info.org/shipping-container-drawings.htm SHIPPING CONTAINER Project ARCHITECTURE | Research for Proposed Guest House / Hotel | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010
  71. 71. SHIPPING CONTAINER ARCHITECTURERESEARCH FOR PROPOSEDGUEST HOUSE / HOTEL Project | Sept 2010 © Copyright HL Design Group Sdn Bhd 2010

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